maintenance, care, compatibility
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen.
It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result – a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty – greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents.
Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish. Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns.
Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight.
The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish.
Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored. Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend.
A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium. He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition.
And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale. Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters. The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees.
Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5. 3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed.
With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs.
With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.
The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest.
The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food.
The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth. Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia.
In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they learned about a cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler.
European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features. Later with her participation organized “cock” fights, for which the fish and nicknamed “fight”.
Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892. In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
The aquarium cockerel Betta splendens has an elongated, oval-shaped body, flattened on the sides. The body size of the male is 6 cm, females – 4 cm in length. In most species, the color of the scales of males is brighter than that of females, the fins of males are lush and long, in females they are not so prominent.
Today, in addition to natural species, there are a number of other species and breeds that were artificially bred. Aquarium betta cockerels differ in a variety of forms: red fighting fish, yellow cockerels, blue, green, pink, white, multi-colored.
In the light, the body of the fish flickers with different colors. During the spawning period, males become very lush and bright, demonstrating their superiority over competitors.
Even the female can differ in long fins, and engage in fights.
Betta fish, or betta cockerel got its name due to its character. The males are often kept alone: so that they do not get bored, they attach a mirror to the wall of the tank.
When settling in a common aquarium, the cockerel fish enters into fights with representatives of its own species, or other neighbors. In the excited state, the female and male bulging fins and gill covers, gaining a formidable look.
The dorsal and caudal fins of the rooster are rounded, the ventral fin originates from the head or mid-belly, and ends at the very base of the caudal fin. Scales in fish of a cycloid structure, well adjacent to the skin. As a labyrinth species, the cockerel fish is a two-breathing hydrobiont, thanks to the labyrinth channel, captures the atmospheric air, dissolving it in this organ.
Also breathes with gills.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.
You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores?
In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition – this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring. Males perfectly spawn at a young age.
If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment – it will take several months.
The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair.
Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female.
In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones – sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged.
Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do.
To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food. The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks.
Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food. However, one should be careful with artemia – it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers.
The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen. Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition.
If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.
In labyrinth fishes, the male viet nest from foam and fragments of aquatic plants. When you notice that the nest is ready, add a female to the male, and look at their behavior.
The first reaction of the male: plucking the fins of the female, chasing her, intimidation. This is a normal reaction, but in order for the female not to be very afraid, she must have a shelter. The male can take care of his partner from 2-3 hours to several days, until she agrees to his invitation to visit the nest.
Spawning occurs several hours: the male presses the female’s body, helping her to release the eggs. Then he fertilizes them, picks them up and fixes them in the nest.
After spawning, the female can be removed from the spawn, otherwise the male will begin to show aggression towards her. The parent must remain in the spawning aquarium until the fry hatch.
3 days after breeding, they will hatch, and will be in a fixed state. The filter should still be turned off so that the fry are not affected by the flow of water.
The light can be turned on day and night – LB lamp 0.4 watts.
In 2-4 days the fish fry will swim. Now the male can be transplanted into the general aquarium. As starting feed, the fry will be treated with infusoria.
At 3-40 days of life they can submit a microhard. Artemia nauplii can be diluted at home.
Portions of feed should be small.
Future aquarium cockerel fishes should live at a temperature of 27-28 ° C. In the tank, the lid should be slightly ajar so that the labyrinth organ is formed correctly in the fry.
When the fry become adults, they must be transplanted into a spacious aquarium. If the fry die a lot, pay attention to the parameters of water, and the content of chemical impurities in it. When the fry are 2 weeks old, they need to replace 10% of the water every few days.
Do not forget to clean up uneaten food. At night, the light can already be turned off.
How to distinguish the male cockerel from the female :: how to distinguish the cockerel fish of a boy from a girl :: Animals :: Other
The newly emerged chickens in the chicken must be divided into males and hens. Keep them separate, as the mode and quality of feeding for them will be different.
Chickens will be left to carry eggs, and males will be kept to get light lean meat.
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1. Young animals are very difficult to distinguish by gender. Weigh the chicken. The cock should weigh a couple grams more.
They also look larger. In daily chickens, the head is smaller than that of the cockerels, the comb is smaller.
In males the legs are strong and thicker, the beak is bent more strongly.
2. Raise the chicken by the feet. The cock immediately hangs without moving, the hen tries to assume a normal position, flapping his wings and twisting his head. Grab the young by the scruff of the neck.
Have cockerel legs hang straight, the hen presses them under.
3. Gently take the fingers of the chicken beak. The cockerel will try to wrest it from your hands.
4. Look at the plumage. The hen feathers faster than the rooster, and his feathers are with some brilliance. Have cockerel on the tail, feathers protrude upwards; in the hen, the feather on the tail is pointed.
The wings of matured chickens are covered with even feathers, in males they are of different lengths.
5. Evaluate the color of the chicks. Modern poultry farmers remove chickens and roosters of a certain color.
Each breed has its own coloring males and females. Separate them immediately.
6. Look at the tail of the chickens. After a couple of weeks, it develops in chickens, in roosters later.
Have cockerel on the tail, feathers stick upward; in the hen the feather is pointed.
7. Compare the body of the young. The chicken has a shorter neck than a rooster.
On paws cockerel visible tubercle developing spurs.
8. Watch for chickens at the age of one month when external sexual signs appear. Have cockerel the red beard and the large scallop are already visible, the legs become longer and thicker than those of the hens, and spurs appear on them.
9. Look at the behavior of the chicks. Males are active, they run and fight a lot with each other.
Chickens are shy, sluggishly running, squeaking and often lagging behind their mother-hens.
10. Inspect the chicken genitals. Press down on the stomach, open the cloaca.
Have cockerel there will be a knob on the inner wall; the hens do not have it.