maintenance, care, compatibility
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat – freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia.
Often found in paddy fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by residents of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives.
Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the “fish” battles: the males vehemently demonstrated their strength, but no deaths occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type.
The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second – incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes.
The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded.
In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves.
This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable.
Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped – only to the detriment.
Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species).
Between them there are often disputes that already speak – even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result – bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males – choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided.
Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish – some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins.
Good aquarium neighbors – danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins.
The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh.
Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush? Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters.
To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick.
Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
Only 50 years ago we had Siamese cockerels. Some of their picky character attracts, others scare away, but no one will argue with the beauty and grace of these fish.
Rooster aquarium fish – features of maintenance and care
Males do not need bulk containers. Fry and spawning feel wonderful in a 2-liter jar; it is desirable for an adult to have at least 4 liters of water at its disposal. If there are several cockerels in one aquarium, make sure that there is only one male among them, otherwise aggressive games cannot be avoided.
Not very well, they get along with swordtails, barbs, danios. Females are calmer, so there should be no conflicts.
Compatibility test will be passed with neon iris, otsinklyus, minors, patsiliya, befoorty, tarakatuma.
The optimal water temperature for cockerels is 18-25 degrees. Increased temperature improves the metabolism of all fish, respectively, the duration of their life is reduced.
Lowering the temperature to 14 degrees will put your pet in hibernation. A bully can sink to the bottom and burrow into the ground.
From this state, he will leave as soon as the temperature regime is normalized.
This aquarium representative is very unpretentious to the quality of water. The recommended hardness is 4-15, acidity is 6-7.5.
The presence of a filter and aeration is a minor matter. If the rooster has neighbors, you cannot do without a filter.
In addition to saturation of air with oxygen, mixing of different layers of water occurs, thus the temperature will be the same both in the upper part and in the lower part.
Natural vegetation is welcome. She will saturate the liquid with oxygen, will not be able to damage the fish while she swims.
The sharp edges of artificial green often damage the fins or the animal’s body itself. In a pinch, buy silk plants at the pet store.
Replacement of water should be carried out once a week for small aquariums and once every two weeks for overall tanks with partial replacement of water every 3-4 days. Every time you completely replace the fluid, remember to clean the walls and corners of the aquarium from the coating, use a siphon. Before you pour new water, heat it to 20-22 degrees.
For aquatic inhabitants, soft water is better suited, but not distilled.
Proper care for cockerel fish includes a varied diet: suitable for dry, live and frozen. As a live, let’s pet Artemia, earthworms, pipe makers, bloodworms.
Granulated food does not “dilute dirt” so much in an aquarium. Frozen food is represented by bloodworms, artemia, daphnia, rotifers.
Individuals of this breed can eat small snails, ampulyary will be left without antennae. These fish should be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day.
As you can see, the cock is picky, the conditions of detention are very simple. Enjoy the beauty of these fish in your tank!
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example.
On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care.
You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins.
As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 – 35 dGH.
Cockerel fish – handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
The cockerel is also called his fighting fish, and this characteristic was deservedly received. Juicy causing coloring and cocky temper make this aquarian inhabitant a no less pugnacious bird – a fighting cock. If two fishes – males – have to divide one territory, the fight will not be avoided.
Each of them will strive to prove his superiority to the opponent. Sometimes you have to really separate the fish, otherwise only rags will remain from the air tails and fins!
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters.
The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees. Optimum hardness – 4.0-15.0, acidity – 6.0-7.5.
3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species – daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed.
With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs.
With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests.
The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels – males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest.
The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food.
The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
LALIUS CONTENTS SPARE PHOTO VIDEO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
And this is without myths and the Internet.
1) Provide your pet with warm air OVER the surface of the aquarium. Cockerels are fish that can drown, their gills are underdeveloped, so they are forced like dolphins to emerge from time to time and swallow air.
If the cockerel swallows cold air, then he is guaranteed a cold and inflammation of the labyrinth (he has no lungs). which guarantees death in 90% of cases. On this basis, the cap on the aquarium should be! Or in the room where there is an aquarium should be warm.
Recommended temperature – 25 – 26 degrees.
2) Be sure to have floating plants! Riccia – the cockerel will build a nest from its fragments.
Typically, the construction of nests is a favorite occupation of the male cock and indicator of his normal life. It is not necessary to drive the plants into a pile or do something else with them 🙂 The cockerel will make his way perfectly for a portion of air.
Males (and females) of cockerels are lazy creatures and love to rest lying down on a broad sheet of a plant.
If you keep a female with a male, plants are needed that will organize thickets. Male males can kill a female, so – shelter, shelter and shelter!
Plants are definitely alive! Any fenoflyastikovaya muck does not bring anything good except the selection in the aquarium.
3) Habitat. One male can be kept in a small aquarium. He will survive in a liter of water.
However, you know, between the word live and survive is a big difference. People live in prisons. In general, I recommend an aquarium NOT less than 5 liters per cock.
Steamed 10 liters.
4) Cockerel – betta fish. Two cocks placed in a small obemv guaranteed arrange a fight, ending in the death of one of them.
In a large aquarium, they may blur, but it is still better to contain a male and several chickens.
5) Feed – high-quality feed companies Sera and Tetra. All kinds of “Fish” and other gammarus with dried daphnia discarded. Feed diversely.
If you feed dry food, be sure to diet food with a high plant component and several types of feed. It is problematic to buy live food sometimes and in general it is possible to get along without it – it is perfectly possible to feed it with frozen food – bloodworm, cyclop, koretra.
The straw pipe is not necessary, cockerels grow fat very quickly from it. You can make food and on their own recipe.
6) Aeration and filtration. Yes, the cock does not need aeration, but this does not mean that it is not needed for an aquarium. It is very desirable to have in the aquarium with a cockerel the simplest filter and the water will be cleaner, and there will be no stagnant zones in the aquarium, there will be no oily film on the water.
In general, anything does not hurt. Although too strong is not needed, the nest can collapse.
By the way, for the first 10 days the rookie fry is obligatory; the labyrinth has not yet grown.
7) Fun 🙂 If you keep a male cockerel alone, sometimes show yourself to yourself in a mirror. You will not regret.
But, just do it not often.
The main requirement for keeping cockerel fish is free access to the surface of the water. This means that all plants floating on the surface of the water must somehow be strengthened on one side of the aquarium. For example, to drive into a corner all Richia, duckweed, or a pistol and partition off with a stick-strut.
However, completely remove the floating plants is not recommended, moreover – they are desirable.
Cockerels do not need aeration, which greatly simplifies the care of an aquarium, and the aesthetic side also has a place to be.
Males are quite thermophilic, recommended temperature: + 25-28 degrees Celsius. But they feel good even at lower temperatures and calmly endure a decrease to +18, although experimenting is not worth it.
Despite the physical pollution of natural water bodies, its chemical composition is inverse to the logical one – the water should be of medium hardness and even soft. Regarding the acidity, it is difficult to say anything, so it is logical to withstand the neutral mode (6.5-7.5 pH).
Now it is necessary to say about the size of the aquarium. In general, cockerels in this regard are similar to guppies – they feel great even in a liter jar.
By the way, experienced breeders keep them in the same way – in banks floating in an aquarium to reduce daily temperature drops.
The cock has a second name – the fighting fish. Males, especially “saddled” veterans, love to arrange real slaughter, often with a fatal outcome!
Live food is mandatory for cockerel fish at least twice a week. This is an immutable rule, especially if two or more males live in your tank.
Of live food, a pipe worker and a bloodworm are always available.
Dry food – daphnia, gammarus, bloodworm (the latter is rarely found on the shelves). Not badly proved flakes of domestic production. Try not to overfeed the fish (especially Gammarus).
My cock lives in a jug aquaphor)
in 1 liter of water))) with 5 small snails. and without compressor. I add water once a week, because the water evaporates) stands on the desk of the computer) without light and heat) lives half a year like this)
I keep my peter in 5 litrovka, I feed daphnia on the tip of a knife a little more than 1 time a day. As a daphnia I go to fetch a mottole to a fishing store and 3 pieces 2 roses a day and then daphnia between perehodyatomm do a fasting day without food