maintenance, care, compatibility
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish.
In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food.
Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately.
Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
Rooster aquarium fish – maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters.
Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees. There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia.
Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the cockerel fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles.
This is done by special trainers. A lot of spectators come to watch the fights.
However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm.
Shelters are arranged here from aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed.
In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration – it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. Spawning can be stimulated by a large water change.
It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish “acquaint” with each other.
To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a “dwelling”, the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva. About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him.
After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring – he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back.
After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week.
After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions.
In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration.
You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria – “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure.
When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry.
You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the “old” age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
The cockerel fish has an oval body, elongated in length, slightly compressed on the sides. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females.
Beauty and brightness, “fabulous” color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades.
Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During spawning, the cockerel fish is also “painted” with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the “ladies” are short and not so luxurious.
However, breeders are working in this direction. Not long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the color of the body is not inferior to the males.
The cockerel fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail. Pectoral fins of cockerels have a pointed shape.
It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited – the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. The cockerel- “boy” is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer. The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter.
The main difference between the “hen” and the cockerel will be the presence of a female with a small white speck near the anus, the “grains”. This formation resembles a little bit like the outward “egg”.
It becomes well visible from the age of three months.
What else do you need to know after the cockerel fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals.
The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? “With whom does this species get on?” – such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors.
Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack.
It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted).
In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet.
Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary – this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen.
Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by “competitors”, which are external stimuli for them.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the “no” territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar.
But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Males and guppies – it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk.
Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature.
The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta – compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother.
However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami – all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami – curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around.
Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact – slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not.
Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt.
Molly – viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length.
Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors – as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits.
If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors.
The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions.
Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
The betta siamese betta splendens are very popular pets that live in an aquarium. For the first time having settled this fish, many people have a question: “How many cockerel fish live?”. The average life expectancy is 2-4 years with proper care.
If you have created proper conditions for your pet, then at home he will live as long as possible. To achieve this result, you must follow the rules for the purchase and maintenance of fish.
Your cockerel will live longer if initially purchased from a good seller. When you notice that the fish lives in quality conditions, moves well, eats, it has a beautiful appearance – it means that you can settle at home.
First of all, pay attention to the activity of the fish in the aquarium, the state of the scales and fins, its general physical condition.
Buy a young fish. The sooner she gets used to your tank, the more comfortable she will be there.
The youngsters adapt more quickly to new conditions of life. In young males, the fins are shorter than in the mature ones, and in the young the body size is several centimeters smaller.
Look at the young male Blue / Red Dragon Halfmoon Betta.
Estimate the volume and condition of the water in which the not yet purchased fish lives. If you notice a cloud, dirt, substrate of unknown origin, wait a little with the purchase.
Water should be clean, clear, slightly yellowish shade is allowed.
Look at the other fish that live in the same tank with the fish you like. Is it a little tight day?
How do they move, feed, their external condition? The Siamese cockerels are fighters, and a long settlement in a species aquarium will destroy them all.
If each fish lives separately, in good conditions – this is a big plus.
Do not buy two Betta splendens at once. If you lodge newcomers in a common tank, they quickly harm each other.
Buy one pet, put him in a 2-week quarantine, look at his condition. When he gets used to the new environment, you can populate it in a pre-prepared aquarium.
After a few months, you can add neighbors to it, but given the nature of the character, this is a big risk.
Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth. Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia.
In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they learned about a cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler.
European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features. Later with her participation organized “cock” fights, for which the fish and nicknamed “fight”. Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892.
In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
- The Cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is endemic to Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Thailand). The body of the fish is narrow, elongated, rounded in cross section. In the natural environment it feeds on insects, which are easily captured by the upper mouth. Betta vulgaris occurs with long and short fins. The wild fighting fish has scales of a dark brown shade on which green spots meet. The method of selection brought out the forms of Betta ordinary with veil fins and different color scales. The wild-looking fins play with different colors, shimmer in the world. The body length of an adult individual is 5-6 cm. Life expectancy is 3 years. The female is slightly paler in color, during spawning, she has a clearly visible umbilical cord, from which the ovipositor will emerge. All types of Betta ordinary sleep at the bottom of the aquarium with open eyes.
The black cock is not warlike, the black betta, the pygmy cock (Betta imbellis) is very beautiful, popular due to its interesting color and peaceful behavior. Often it is bred and sold in Thailand and Malaysia. The size of an adult individual is 5-6 cm in length.
Fish carnivorous, eats daphnia, larvae of flies and mosquito. Prefers subacidic water, temperature 24-28 degrees Celsius.
Body color can be blue, black and red. The tail fin is round or “delta”, has red, blue stripes. The color of the scales is black with blue splashes.
Peaceful fish was nicknamed because it can be kept in one tank in a company of 2 males and 2-4 females. When establishing a hierarchy, the males will not fight, so this pet can be chosen by a novice aquarist.
Look at a pair of betta imbellis.
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.
You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores?
In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female.
In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones – sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged.
Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do.
To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food.
The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks. Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food.
However, one should be careful with artemia – it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers. The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen.
Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition. If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.