maintenance, care, compatibility
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen.
It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result – a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty – greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish.
Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns.
Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight. The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting.
They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish.
Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored. Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend.
A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium.
He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale.
Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
Who do cockerels get along with? In general, it is well suited for keeping with many fish.
Definitely it does not need to be kept with fish who like to tear off fins, for example with dwarf tetradons. However, he himself can do the same, so that it should not be kept with voile species.
They themselves sometimes attack other fish, but this is a mistake in identification, apparently taking them from their relatives.
Attention! What exactly you should not do is to put two males in one aquarium, as they will definitely fight. Females are less aggressive, although they have a strict hierarchy.
One male can be kept with several females, provided that there are enough shelters in the aquarium for the latter. Good neighbors are speckled catfish, cardinals, akantoftalmusy, viviparous.
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat – freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia.
Often found in paddy fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by residents of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives.
Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the “fish” battles: the males vehemently demonstrated their strength, but no deaths occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type.
The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second – incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary.
During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round.
Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium.
They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism.
If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity.
Like all fish, cramped – only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species).
Between them there are often disputes that already speak – even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result – bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males – choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided.
Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish – some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins.
Good aquarium neighbors – danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins.
The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh.
Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush?
Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick.
Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
In the cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, the umbilical cord resembling a white dot can be seen in females.
Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can breed in another 2-4 months. Care of manufacturers implies a separate spawning.
If the female has not reproduced for a long time, her calf turns into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already multiplied have fins longer.
Males live up to 3 years old, it is better not to plant old fish for spawning.
See how the spawning of cockerels.
The spawning volume is allowed 10-20 liters, with a height of water of 15 cm. Soil is optional, and floating plants are needed.
The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and fragments of vegetation. In the tank should be shelter for the female.
The manufacturer makes a nest, and invites a female, or several females, if you have more of them.
Stimulates reproduction increased water temperature – up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Updating the water also gives spawning signal. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (moth, daphnia).
Aeration in spawning is not needed – it will destroy the nest, and with it, the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the tank, and a female in a day.
Fish will spawn in a few days, if breeding does not occur in a few weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, change it to another.
In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her squeeze out her calf, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the released eggs, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest.
When the spawning is over, the female can be moved to a common aquarium so that it does not suffer from the male.
The larvae will hatch in 2-4 days, depending on how the temperature of the water in the aquarium increases. At this time, the parent provides masonry care, picks up dropped eggs from the nest. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them.
After 4 days, the fry will swim independently; then the male can be removed. During one spawning 200-400 eggs can emerge, but 1/3 of them survive.
In the first days of their life they are fed live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from hard boiled eggs. After a week, they can be given Artemia larvae, shredded strawberry or special food for fry.
In order to properly develop the labyrinth organ, it is possible to turn on weak aeration in their nursery and lower the water level. The labyrinth organ will be formed in a few months, but all this time, from incubation to the age of the young, the fry need to be constantly looked after.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
The cock aquarium fish (otherwise it is called the Siamese cockerel or the fighting fish) is representative of the most beautiful aquarium inhabitants. Male and female are easy to distinguish: as a rule, males are painted more intensely and brightly.
Aquarists do not cease to admire the fish, their appearance, cool temper, care for the offspring. How many live cockerel fish?
Their life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years. Of course, an important role is played by feeding, housing conditions, compatibility with other fish.
This is proposed to talk. We will also affect the breeding of cockerels.