maintenance, care, compatibility
For the 5-centimeter fish fit well decorated tank. You want the fish to have a full life?
Then take into account the fact that the optimal aquarium for a rooster is made in production. Many companies offer aquariums for betta fish of a round, rectangular, even square shape.
They immediately installed a lamp, lamp, decor, filter. Another thing – cockerels do not need constant lighting, so the lamp does not need to keep it on all the time.
Light like algae, and why do you need extra trouble with cleaning?
Try to buy a simple 20-50-liter rectangular tank with filter and lamp. Scenery, soil, shelters can be installed independently, if you know how to handle them properly.
Before settling the fish, wash the glass in a tank under running water and process with baking soda, rinsing it 4 times. From this it follows that the best house for the cockerel fish is a classic rectangular one, where there is everything to recreate the natural biotope.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water.
Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim.
When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all.
In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters.
In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary.
During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round.
Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves.
This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism.
If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped – only to the detriment.
Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species).
Between them there are often disputes that already speak – even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result – bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males – choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided.
Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish – some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins.
Good aquarium neighbors – danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins.
The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh.
Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush?
Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness.
So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter.
At night, the light is required to turn off.
From this article you will learn how to choose an aquarium for a cock, what kind of volume does it need, what shape? For anyone who kept fighting fish, it is no secret that she does not need large volumes.
When you first enter the market, there often you see long rows of cans in which the males sit. Some of them are so small that the fish can not turn around in them. But, despite the fact that the sellers will tell you, the rooster needs a more spacious aquarium!
They do not tell you that there is often water with chemistry in these banks that acts as a tranquilizer. In addition, cockerels are tropical fish, and when they are kept outdoors without heating, they begin to freeze and become less active.
After looking at all this, newcomers think that the cockerel is a kind of Spartan, and can live in a spoonful of water. And then, when you look at the aquarium with him, it becomes a pity the fish.
Often they live in the wild conditions, the owners simply do not understand how they are not comfortable in them, and how much they shorten the life of the fish.
So, you ask, and which aquarium for the rooster will be the best? Let’s consider several options. By the way, you can read about cockerels by clicking on the link.
Enjoy beautiful shapes at the same time.
An uncountable number of cockerels lived and died in round aquariums. It would seem that a proven, reliable way to contain a fighting fish.
But, in practice, this is far from the case. First, the round aquarium is difficult to care for. Elementary algae on the glass, and you will not get rid of them with a scraper, the form will not allow.
Secondly, round aquariums distort the appearance of fish, and it is already more difficult for you to enjoy the beauty of the rooster. Thirdly, in recent years it is believed that they have a detrimental effect on the health and vision of fish.
In general, you can choose it, but believe me, the rectangular shape is much more practical. Look at the photo, can the fish really live comfortably in that volume and with such ground?
Here are a lot of different options, from round ones with a lamp fixed above it, to exotic compositions. It is impossible to consider all of them, but the rule is the same: the larger the volume, the better and rectangular shape is better than other options. What comes in the kit is a lamp, food, a net – do not be fooled.
This is a product, and its only purpose: to make you buy. The cockerel lamp is not needed at all, it is needed by plants, but in such a volume they simply have nowhere to hold. You can just put a desk lamp, and this will be more than enough.
Food, net, filter, etc. – you can buy cheaper and often better quality.
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions.
In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.
The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them.
You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores?
In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary “dwelling” for fry.
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition – this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring.
Males perfectly spawn at a young age. If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment – it will take several months.
The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair.
Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female.
In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones – sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged.
Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do.
To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food.
The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks. Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food.
However, one should be careful with artemia – it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers. The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen.
Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition. If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.
In labyrinth fishes, the male viet nest from foam and fragments of aquatic plants. When you notice that the nest is ready, add a female to the male, and look at their behavior. The first reaction of the male: plucking the fins of the female, chasing her, intimidation.
This is a normal reaction, but in order for the female not to be very afraid, she must have a shelter. The male can take care of his partner from 2-3 hours to several days, until she agrees to his invitation to visit the nest. Spawning occurs several hours: the male presses the female’s body, helping her to release the eggs.
Then he fertilizes them, picks them up and fixes them in the nest.
After spawning, the female can be removed from the spawn, otherwise the male will begin to show aggression towards her. The parent must remain in the spawning aquarium until the fry hatch.
3 days after breeding, they will hatch, and will be in a fixed state. The filter should still be turned off so that the fry are not affected by the flow of water.
The light can be turned on day and night – LB lamp 0.4 watts.
In 2-4 days the fish fry will swim. Now the male can be transplanted into the general aquarium. As starting feed, the fry will be treated with infusoria.
At 3-40 days of life they can submit a microhard. Artemia nauplii can be diluted at home.
Portions of feed should be small.
Future aquarium cockerel fishes should live at a temperature of 27-28 ° C. In the tank, the lid should be slightly ajar so that the labyrinth organ is formed correctly in the fry.
When the fry become adults, they must be transplanted into a spacious aquarium. If the fry die a lot, pay attention to the parameters of water, and the content of chemical impurities in it.
When the fry are 2 weeks old, they need to replace 10% of the water every few days. Do not forget to clean up uneaten food.
At night, the light can already be turned off.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
Probably, many have heard that cockerels live beautifully alone. The reason is that the fish has a peculiar behavior: it is often aggressively tuned to any neighborhood, and even to relatives.
Some sources indicate that males and females live normally only in an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more; with other fish live peacefully, if they are contained in a container of more than 15 liters.
In many ways, behavior is a decisive factor, and lovers give the cock a desired solitude. In this case, his behavior does not harm anyone.
You can even have a cockerel kept alone in a small aquarium. How much should the volume of the aquarium?
For one cock, we recall, the suitable capacity of 4-5 liters.
If the cockerel is contained in a mini-aquarium, then taking care of him is even easier:
- the air supply is not needed, the fish will breathe atmospheric air as much as it needs, taking it from the surface;
- no light is needed either, cockerels live well without him;
- Do not be afraid of the appearance of foam, because it is a sure sign that the cockerel has settled down and even began to build a nest;
- Want to see the fry, without changing the aquarium, pick up a larger container for breeding.
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Breeding cockerels – not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.
Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases.
Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.
Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels? The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften.
And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen. But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.
For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.
Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus. To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female.
How to do it? Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other. Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate.
Breeding will be better.
Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively.
The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.
It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided.
But the male rooster can not always protect the fry. How much should you keep it with the fry?
After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.
Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.
In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!
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It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish.
The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins.
But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish. There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains – to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it.
In general, good luck!
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Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign.
Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment.
In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them.
This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.