maintenance, care, compatibility
Many of us are unusually strongly attracted to the underwater world. And even if we face only a small particle in the form of an ordinary aquarium, it still looks beautiful and incomprehensible.
A glass vessel in which graceful fish freely move, in which there are small grottoes, snags, and algae, very quickly begins to be perceived as a decoration of the whole house. And often among the inhabitants of the aquarium can be found fish-clown.
Surely, most aquarium clowns are familiar from the well-known cartoon “Finding Nemo”. And it should be noted that it was this Disney piece that gave impetus to a new surge in popularity of this amazing fish.
In general, the clownfish lives in the Pacific and Indian oceans, in their coastal coral reefs. Clowns have a very bright and attractive color for us: the whole body is decorated with orange, white, black stripes.
The clown also has fins edged with a black border, a rather dense body and a short head. The back is surmounted by a fin, divided into 2 parts.
Clowns have one interesting feature. The fact is that constantly these fish make clicking sounds, they seem to grumble.
It is noteworthy that in its natural habitat, this fish “cooperates” very well with sea anemone – poisonous sea anemones. What is the “joint activity”?
A bright clown attracts predators and lures them to sea anemone, and then becomes content with food debris.
Since sea anemones give clowns a sense of security, anemones are usually settled in an aquarium. With a small number of them, the fish that are stronger are beginning to crowd out the weak. However, the maintenance of this fish is possible without anemones: if there are grottoes and other shelters in the aquarium.
Let’s talk more about how to ensure the proper clown content at home.
The clownfish in the aquarium needs special care. Note the main points:
- First of all, aquarium fish accept exceptionally good water quality. The clown cannot tolerate elevated nitrite levels;
- it is important to consult with a specialist before settling in an aquarium of such a fish. The fact is that certain species in the conditions of the aquarium begin to show aggression due to space limitations;
- It is desirable to settle in the aquarium a pair, and already established. Then they will most likely multiply. The content of these inhabitants also implies their cohabitation with non-aggressive neighbors;
- in an aquarium that does not exceed 100 liters, it is undesirable to place more than 2 fish.
In addition to the above, it is also important to pay attention to the basic parameters that must be observed in the aquarium:
- optimum temperature is about 25-27 degrees above zero;
- acidity should be in the range of 8-8,4;
- and the density is 1,020-1,025.
In addition, aquarium clowns require sufficient lighting. Replacing the water in the aquarium is carried out at 20% twice a month.
The clown is completely unpretentious in food, which allows you to feed it with shrimp, squid, fish, as well as algae, dry flakes and granules. A flock is fed 2 or 3 times a day.
All clowns at birth are males, just afterwards they can change their gender. This is very entertaining: each group of fish has its dominant pair.
This pair – two large fish that are engaged in reproduction. And if the female suddenly dies, the male will simply change the floor and find another pair.
A female clown spawn lays among the anemones. In their absence in the aquarium (or in the ocean, if we talk about the natural environment) spawning occurs under a rock or in a grotto.
It should be noted that parents very much cherish the place of laying eggs. After about 8-10 days hatching begins. Aquarium fry should be removed from the common aquarium for a while.
This can be done calmly, as this procedure has no effect on the growth and development of the fish.
Here is such an unusual aquarium fish, considered by us. It should be noted that clowns are often chosen by aquarists precisely because they are interesting and entertaining.
You might also like these fish.
There are no particular difficulties in caring for amphipriones, you just need to follow some specific rules, not too different from the content of other varieties of fish.
Artificial sea water in an aquarium should have a density of about 1.02, with about 34 grams of salt per liter of fluid. Due to the fact that this species of fish in natural conditions lives in tropical seas, where the water is warm enough, the temperature in the aquarium requires at least 26 and not more than 31 ° C.
Cleanliness in the aquarium is maintained by a biological filter, and periodically organic particles can accumulate on the surface of the soil, which should be removed with a siphon. The most suitable soil for amphipriones is coral sand, the particle size of which should be from 3 to 6 mm.
The size of the sand layer is recommended 8 – 9 mm.
The fish need to replace every week a part of the water in the aquarium – about 25%. Care should be taken to ensure that the chemical composition of fresh water does not differ.
Amphiprion – clown fish!
DANIO-LEAVING, CONTENTS SPREAD COMPATIBILITY PHOTO AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION
Aquarium fish fighting clowns (lat. Chromobotia macracanthus, or fighting macracant) – beautiful fish vynumkovye detachment.
Popular due to the bright color, unpretentious content and relatively peaceful temper. The nature of these fish is distinguished by a pronounced individualism.
Care for bindweed clown combat requires a large space for movement – a large aquarium will be just right for an adult individual measuring 16-20 centimeters in length. Compatibility is possible with representatives of bindweed fish, they love to eat aquarium plants and snails. During the day, clown combat can destroy a whole brood of mollusks.
This convolvuli fish goes out in search of food at night and hides during the day. Although accustomed to people, not afraid to show up in the daytime.
Unlike other battles, clown battles love representatives of their own species, rarely enter into conflicts with them.
Aquarium fish, if they are well fed, become large and beautiful. Body clown fighting oblong, flattened on the sides.
Mouth low, on it 8 antennae. Botsiya clown has protective spikes under the eyes, when attacking predatory fish, they appear and cling to the skin of the attacker.
When catching fish, this causes problems, spikes cling to the strands of the net.
The fighting body is yellow-orange, on which there are three broad dark stripes resembling the color of a tiger. The first strip passes through the axis of the eyes, the second – in front of the dorsal fin on the side, the third is in the region of the dorsal fin and further.
It turns out an extraordinary, variegated color. With age, the fish turns pale, if the care of her wrong, can cause skin diseases.
If you take care of your pet permanently, the clown’s maintenance will not be so difficult. She is not advised to buy novice lovers. Such pets require constant attention, constant parameters of the aquatic environment, no stress.
The scales of the fights are thin, small, which carries a potential health hazard – fish diseases require serious treatment.
Macracantas lie a lot at the bottom of the house, often on their side or on the back, which may seem as if she had died. In fact, the fish is resting. If accustomed to the owners – in the afternoon actively swim in the aquarium, reaching the middle layers of water.
Since bots prefer a large company, the reservoir should be appropriate – at least 250-300 liters. Keep a minimum of 3-5 fish in the nursery, otherwise the fish will rarely appear in sight.
A 400-liter aquarium is suitable for a flock of 5 individuals.
Soft water with a temperature of 25-30 degrees and a hardness of 5-12o, with an acidity of 6.0-6.5, pH is an ideal place to live. Create in the container a lot of places for shelter in order to avoid stress and conflicts between fish. The soil is soft, fine gravel or sand.
Macracantum is not suitable for a new, just-launched aquarium. Clowns require stability conditions, changeable environment will destroy their health.
Feel great in the water with an undercurrent, where there is enough dissolved oxygen. The filtering is powerful, the external filter can create such an effect.
Regular water changes, fish are sensitive to impurities of nitrates and ammonia, due to small scales prone to poisoning. To avoid jumping from the nursery, it is better to cover it with a lid.
The aquarium can resemble a natural biotope, or is decorated at your discretion. To decorate the biotope, it is necessary to put shallow soil on the bottom so that pets do not damage the mouth and antennae. Shelters – caverns, stones and large snags.
Surprisingly, the fighting adore hiding in hard-to-reach places – sometimes they are completely invisible, and sometimes they hide somewhere on the side of the gorge, where you can hardly see it. Macracants are not averse to dig themselves a cave in the sand, where there are a lot of stones and logs. In general, such underwater builders.
Create the effect of diffused light will help floating plants.
You will not notice right away, but clowns tend to do unusual things – everyone knows that they are sleeping on their side, or resting in a position on their side, or on their backs. It may seem that the fish went missing or died, and after a few days it is again in place, or lies in a relaxing posture.
See how the clown fight sleeps.
Macracant is not a small but active creature gnawing long fins. Compatibility with small fish is bad.
Let her company be the same clowns, preferably more than 5 adult individuals. A special hierarchy will be established in the pack, and over time, the dominant male will no longer allow the weaker to eat.
Carefully ensure that some fish get their own portion, taking care of each fish is very important.
- Speckled Amphipone
- Orange Amphiprion
- Tomato clown
- Moorish clown
- Clown pink
- Red and black clown
The entire genus of amphiprions has about 25 species, but no more than 10 of them are possible to be kept in a home aquarium. This is due to the fact that some fish live either in places that are too difficult to catch or their fishing is generally prohibited.
The most common species in captivity are:
– clarkii – chocolate fish, the most common among the entire genus. The color of her body ranges from a dark yellow to almost black. She has a slightly elongated body, a small mouth and small teeth;
– ocellaris – a representative of this particular type is the main character of the cartoon about Nemo fish. With all his pretty appearance, he is quite aggressive. Their belligerence, agility and self-confidence is simply amazing, and it is explained by the fact that the fish can hide among the tentacles of anemone at the slightest danger, becoming inaccessible;
– melanopus – they are very similar to some other species. The main difference of this species is the pelvic fins, completely painted black. Representatives of this species are not recommended to be kept together with other species of amphipriones;
Amphiprion – clown fish!
– perideraion – a characteristic feature of a pink clown is a light strip running along the back of the fish. There are less common than other species of the genus Amphiprione.
The fish is not as bright as some other representatives of this genus, but, nevertheless, it is fairly easy to contain.
SCALERY CARE AND CONTENT SPREADS REPLACEMENT DESCRIPTION
MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION
Aquaria penetrates deeper into society; it is very simple to keep a home a piece of marine life today. Beautiful corals, sea anemones, crustaceans, sea urchins … having a real underwater world at home is truly unique!
At first glance, it seems impossible to maintain marine species of fish at home. Some people think that setting up a marine aquarium costs unrealistic amounts of money. This is not the case: there are inexpensive and high-quality options.
It is always worth starting with something small, because to place a small copy of a coral reef in your home is a whole art and hard work.
Today, our choice fell on very interesting and beautiful clown fish. Clown fish come into symbiosis with some species of anemones; This is a typical example of symbiotic behavior, which is very interesting to observe. Aquarium fish-clowns – a great solution for creating the first marine biotope at home.
Also Clowns are the best choice if you are a beginner marine aquarist. The fish is not demanding on the volume of the aquarium.
In addition, it is possible to contain both a small flock and a flock with a dominant pair; if aggressive individuals come across, then it is worth resorting to their isolation. Clowns can also be kept in the reef as well as in a small species aquarium with actinia – this will allow you to fully unlock the potential of the fish.
In nature, these wonderful motley fish use some types of anemones as shelters, which is very convenient.
If you choose the option of content with sea anemone, then you should know the types of anemones with which the clown fish will get along. Actinia from the family Stichodactyla, Heteractis or Entacmaea will be the best shelters for your handsome.
There will be no special difficulties in keeping the fish in terms of conditions: the pH of the water varies from 8 to 8.5, the density is 1.022 to 1.025, and the temperature is 24-27 ° C. Also among the lovers of fish for over 50 years are popular Botsia clown aquarium fish.
This species has an interesting protective mechanism: under the eyes of Botsii-clown there are thorns that the fish can control, straining or relaxing them. Also, this is a rather large fish (they reach a length of 30 cm) and, at danger, is capable of making characteristic clicking sounds.
This type of fish will require an aquarium of 200 liters. The conditions are very similar to the content of the Clown: the fish are contained in groups of 5-8 individuals.
Actinia is not needed for this species; plants are preferred large-leaved, the soil is sandy, rather soft.
As for food, it can be noted that this type of fish is omnivorous – it readily consumes both live and dry food.
Breeding botsy-clowns. Dilute botsy all kinds of extremely difficult.
I do not have my own experience of breeding these fish, therefore I will give an excerpt from A. Serdyukov’s article below (Aquarium 1/1993).
“The spawning should be large, especially for large species. The parameters of water with the content of manufacturers: hardness – 15 °, pH 6.5-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C. Requires high-quality water purification.
For spawning used old water with a slight addition of fresh (1 / 5-1 / 6 volume), its rigidity 5-6 °, pH 6.8-7.0, temperature 30-32 ° C.
A prerequisite is a strong current, for the creation of which it is best to use a “spinner” type device. Usually, electric motors are used for this purpose, preferably with a gearbox. Four blades are installed on the motor shaft, all of which are covered with a Plexiglas, Viniplast or tinned wire mesh casing.
To work with such a “spinner,” it is necessary to slightly modernize or re-manufacture the spawning machine (the corners must have Plexiglas inserts so that the water flow does not lose its energy in the dead zones).
It is impossible to use mechanical pumps and air-lifts, because the roe of cavities, like the roe of the labo and the hirinoheylus, is constantly in the water column and is carried by the flow from place to place.
As a spawning substrate, you can use smooth Kamyts i.poryagi. which set on the most flowing place. The intensity of spawning is directly dependent on the power of the current.
There should be 3-4 males per female. Hormonal injections are performed by the fractional method.
At the end of the spawning season, the producers are planted, the “spinner” is turned off and additional air sprayers are installed. At a temperature of 29-31 ° C, after 2-3 hours, the fertilized spawn can be determined transparent.
Unfertilised, white, caviar must be removed (or good caviar must be transferred to another place).
Incubation lasts from 18 to 20 hours. The larvae that hatch are extremely small and concentrate in the darkest places.
On the fourth day, the fry begin to eat. At this time, they need to be fed with the smallest species of rotifers, cyclops nauplii in combination with eugenic green.
In the life of the fry Botsiya the clown is the most critical time — the first month. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly monitor the quality of water and feed. By the end of the month, large fry fry reach lengths of 13-17 millimeters, small ones – 7-10 and begin to accept the coloring of parents.
According to A.Kochetov, the nominative form of B.macracantha, due to the uneven growth rate, matures after five years, reaching a length of at least 12 cm. The color of males in the mating season becomes bronze-yellow with a smoky patina and non-contrast anthracite stripes.
Females are noticeably rounded (they have a slight bulge in the abdomen) and acquire a bright egg-yellow color with moire-black transverse stripes.
There is information about the breeding of Botsiya clown in the club Nautilus. In addition to the traditional form, there were four copies of the giant (from 20 to 28 cm) high-caliber race from the Mekong River. The fish were unusual in appearance: the strips had an additional double-sided gold trim.
The age of simple bots varied from 3 to 6 years; giant – approached 8 years. Since 1993, the club has repeatedly engaged in the stimulation of producers, but without success: either the females gave bad eggs, the males did not flow and were passive, or they could not synchronize the maturation of the producers.
Botsiya clown photo
Behavior and Compatibility not very aggressive, but you should not keep them with small fish, because the latter will be subjected to stress from too active fighting behavior. It is better not to move the slow-moving species of fish with voile fins, for example, cockerels / guppies, as well as many cichlids, because the fighting can bite off the tail fins.
More suitable neighbors are peaceful, carping carp, many of which are sympatric with the genus Chromobotia in nature and are commercially available. As for the other inhabitants of the bottom, Chromobotia macracanthus get along well with most types of fights and some other loachworms.
Also suitable are representatives of such species as Epalzeorhynchos, Crossocheilus and Garraand. Representatives of the species Chromobotia macracanthus are schooling, form a complex social hierarchy and should be contained in groups of 5-6 copies, preferably 10 or more.
When kept alone, individuals become aggressive towards fish of similar size, and, being planted in the amount of two or three, the dominant individual will attack others, preventing them from feeding. These fish need constant contact with their relatives.
Sexual dimorphism. Distinguishing between male and female clown battles In nature, adult fighting clowns reach a length of 20-30 cm, after which growth progressively decreases. There is information about the detection of copies under 40 cm, which is quite possible, but time consuming.
As a rule, in aquarium conditions, the length of the fish is shorter, which is affected by the volume of the tank. Sexual dimorphism in fish is weak.
Mature males are more graceful than larger females, whose abdomen is fuller. Some theories suggest that males have a more deeply forked tail fin, but this fact has not been proven.