Hello! Citron cychlasma is another representative of the cichl family, originating from Latin America. The fish is found in the crater waters of Nicaragua and the southern part of the Florida peninsula.
The species was first introduced to Europe in 1970.
In citron tsikhlazomy high and flattened on the sides of the body. The fish has a large head with large eyes, thick lips and a rather long dorsal fin.
As the fish grows up, their color changes, but this does not always happen. Juveniles can be painted in gray-yellow and gray-blue tones.
On the sides of the fish there are 6 transverse bands with a dark spot in the middle. In adults, there is a light orange tint on the body.
There may be black spots on the sides and fins of the cychlasma.
The dorsal and caudal fins have a bluish tint. The line of the forehead, extending above the eyes, is slightly depressed in the males. As the fish grows on the male’s forehead, a wen may form.
A few days before spawning in males, one can see the seed tube, and in females a special organ, the appearance of which indicates an early spawning. Males, unlike females, have larger dimensions. Wen in aquarium conditions can appear only in the dominant male.
If you take it and deposit it in another tank, the wen will appear in the other male. In nature, the male citron cychlasoma reaches a 30 centimeter mark, and the females are a little more than 20 centimeters.
In aquarium conditions, these numbers are a bit more modest.
Citron tsikhlazomy are schooling fish that need their own territory. There are also bursts of aggression, especially during spawning and caring for fry.
As a rule, fish are bought in small flocks, in which only young individuals should be, because as in cichlids (Salvini and Eliot cichlasomas), couples are created at a young age. If the fish could not find a mate, it is better to sit out. Kept mostly in the bottom layer of the reservoir.
Since cichlids like to rummage in aquarium soil and dig up plants, I would advise you to give up living grass.
Citron cichlase can be contained both in cichlids and in a species aquarium. Take care of a large number of shelters in the form of snags and stones. Be sure to divide the aquarium bottom in the territory.
This can be done with the help of flat stones, set vertically or at an angle. Thus you reduce the number of intraspecific clashes. The length of the plot should be at least 40 centimeters for a couple of individuals.
Since tsikhlazomy love to dig around in the soil, it is better to use granite chips as a substrate. So you solve two problems: there will be no muddy water in the aquarium and the redevelopment of the soil.
The main thing that were in the aquarium floating plants (Naiad Guadalupe, pistiya, Riccia, azolla).
In the background of the aquarium, it is advisable to lay out grottoes and caves with stones, and place a couple of flat stones on the bottom of the aquarium. They will serve as an ideal ground for spawning. Aquarium water should have the following parameters:
- hardness: 10-12 °;
- acidity: pH 7.0;
- water temperature: 22-26 ° C;
- In addition, in the aquarium with tsikhlazomami should be moderate light, good filtration with aeration and replace the water once a week.
Since the lemon tsikhlazom is a predator, it can be fed to the larvae, insects, enkhitreusami, small fish, bloodworms, pipemaker, beef meat and sea fish. Sometimes it is also necessary to introduce into the diet of plant foods, such as scalded lettuce, cabbage and dandelion.
In addition, good dry foods with carotenoids contribute to the formation of a brighter color in fish.
Lemon spawn can be spawned as in a spawn with a volume of 150 liters, or a specific aquarium. In order to get the offspring from tsikhlaz, a couple is formed to spawn, which was formed by fry. The stimulation of spawning are weekly changes and the increase in water temperature to 28 degrees.
If the spawning aquarium is too small, then the male may show aggression towards the female, especially if she swims to the place he has prepared for spawning. Therefore, in the spawning should be a sufficient number of various shelters.
As soon as the male prepares a place for spawning, the female throws up to him up to two thousand eggs. Their number depends on the conditions in which the fish were kept. Both parents take care of their offspring.
The incubation period takes several days, at the end of which the parents transfer the youngsters to special indentations in the ground, which they prepared in advance. After a few days, the young can independently swim.
From the first days of life the fry will eat the secret that the skin glands of the parents secrete. After some time, the young can be given nauplii of artemia and small crustaceans. In order for the fish to grow quickly, they need to provide good care.
Periodically, fry should be sorted by size, so that smaller individuals do not become food for larger ones.