Good day. Eliot’s Tsikhlazom is widespread in the shallow waters of clean rivers flowing through Mexico and Guatemala. For the first time, this type of cichlasoma was described by the American ichthyologist Seth Mick.
All aquarists knew this aquarium fish under this name. However, a little later it turned out that this species was described as far back as 1864 by the zoologist from Austria Franz Steindachner.
Eliot is a very beautiful fish that is very similar to Ciklazom Meek. Quite often aquarists confuse them.
But if you look closely, then the abdomen of the eliot cichlasome is colored purple, which occupies the lion’s share of the lower part of the fish. The tsikhlasoma body is rather high and slightly flattened at the sides. In length, the fish grows to 15 centimeters.
The head is oblong, the eyes are big, thick lips. The rays on the dorsal fin are elongated, and along the edges have a purple border that extends almost to the tail.
Thoracic and abdominal fins transparent. Fish color can vary from gray-green to olive hue, and throughout the body there are emerald highlights, which shimmer in the light.
The front of the body of the fish and the belly is colored purple. Males are much larger than females and have a brighter color.
Also on the dorsal fin the female has a small black spot. In males, it either does not exist at all, or it is so tiny that it is almost invisible.
If the conditions of detention are suitable, then your pet will serve faithfully for about 15 years, which is not very weak for an aquarium fish.
Eliot’s Tsikhlazom is considered a schooling aquatic species and is distinguished by monogamy. Since tsikhlazomy picked up a pair at an early age, when you can not even determine the sex of the fry, it is recommended to buy not two or three individuals, but a flock of 8-10 pieces.
It is not advisable to unpair the already formed pairs. If, for any reason, the fish did not find a mate for themselves, it is better to give it away or to land from the general flock.
Perhaps, if the fish gets into another flock, it will still find a mate. All the resulting pairs will occupy a relatively small area of the territory to be protected in the aquarium. Next to the territory of one marriage couple, another can be located.
Therefore, it is recommended to organize a sufficient number of shelters in the form of grottoes, caves, embankments of large boulders for the maintenance of tsihlaz. Through such actions, you will provide a clearer distinction between all occupied territories, and this, in turn, will reduce the number of clashes over the territory.
What is not in the hands of an aquarist in Eliot Cichlase is the complexity of its content. For one pair of fish requires an aquarium of 100 liters. But despite this, the fish is still peaceful and will get along well with other aquatic organisms, the size of which is the same as that of an adult tsikhlazomy.
It is not advisable to keep together with tsikhlazomy with fish with a veil fin. The substrate is best to take the light, as it will create an imitation of the natural habitat of the fish.
To do this, you can take a mixture of small gravel and medium-sized pebbles, or you can use them separately.
But you can use a dark substrate, which is well underlined karsot fish. The bottom of the aquarium is separated by large stones or grottoes. Planting of hard-leaved aquarium plants with strong root system is also welcomed.
Echinodorus and large anubias are considered the ideal option. Also, as an option, you can take the Canadian Elodieus or spiral vallysneria.
Aquarium lighting is recommended moderate, since in bright light fish may experience stress.
Aquarium water should be the following parameters:
Under natural conditions, the Eliot Cichlasome eats algae, detritus, and small crustaceans. In aquarium conditions one can produce bloodworm, daphnia, artemia, and sometimes vegetable food as top dressing.
It is advisable to feed your pets twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. As for all other aquatic organisms, it is also desirable for cichlasomes to organize an unloading day once a week.
Thus you provoke fish to the selection of uneaten feed.
Eliot’s cychlastoma spawn can be spawned as well as in a common bank. The pair chooses any favorite bottom area and digs a small indentation in the substrate, while clearing it from stones and dirt. The female will spawn on a flat surface, mainly a large rock.
Both parents take care of their offspring. During spawning, fish practically do not eat.
If spawning occurred in a common bank, then it is better not to rush to move the eggs or producers to another container, otherwise you can provoke a stressful state in the fish and ruin all the eggs.
Since tsikhlazomy successfully protect their nests from strangers, fry have much
more likely to survive, unless of course you interfere with the natural process. Small things can be moved to another aquarium after fry appear from the larvae.
This can be done with a hose. The first food for fry should be given to nauplii artemia, and as they grow older, they feed on larger food.