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Chromis fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

We need a spacious aquarium, from 200 liters, as the fish are territorial and aggressive. In the aquarium, you need to create a lot of shelters, pots, caves, hollow tubes, snags and other places in which they like to hide.

It is better to use sand as a primer, as handsome chromis loves to dig in it and raise dregs.
Like all African cichlids, clean water is important to him. Given its diet, the habit of digging up the soil, it is best to use an external filter.

Also required regular water changes to fresh, and siphon bottom.

Chromis are not friendly with the plants, dig up and cut off the leaves. It is preferable to plant hard types such as Anubias, and in pots.
They prefer soft water, not higher than 12ºdGH, although they adapt well to hard water. Water temperature for content is 25-28 ° C, pH: 6.0-7.8.

Who does a handsome chromis get on with? Keep chromis need to large fish that can stand up for themselves.

As a rule, these are other cichlids: black-striped, bees, turquoise akars, bluish-speckled akars.

Any cichlids do not get along well with plants, and chromis has nothing to do with herbalist. Keep it with the scalars, it is impossible.

The latter will be regularly beaten and there will be nothing left from their luxurious fins.

Chromis handsome: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Order, family: tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 22-26 ° C.

Ph: 6.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: aggressive 100%.

Chromis handsome compatibility: can only be contained with other large cichlids with the same aggressive temperament.

Description:

Homeland – the rivers Congo, Nile and Niger.

The fish has a very beautiful color: the back is dark olive, the sides are greenish or light olive, slightly pink. Abdomen with a reddish tinge.

In the middle of the body you can see a black spot. On the gills of a dark blue spot. The whole body and fins are littered with rows of blue dots.

Fish color is variable and depends on the place of origin. Size up to 15 cm.

Fish do not need special care. The minimum volume of the aquarium to keep 50 liters.

But, it is desirable to keep the fish in a spacious aquarium with a volume of 120 liters.

Chromis-handsome – is a predator and an aggressor, does not tolerate an invasion of its territory. There is no mercy even for the plants – digs the ground and pulls them out. Kills small fish and eats for dinner, while large fish tear off fins and eyes.

Can only be contained with other large cichlids, with the same aggressive temperament. It is recommended to contain separately.

Comfortable parameters for water content: 22-26 ° C, dH up to 20 °, pH 6.8-7.5, weekly change 1/4 volume. Aeration, filtration.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female chromis handsome

It is very difficult to distinguish a male from a female from chromis-handsome

It is believed that the female is smaller in size and with a more rounded abdomen. There is no exact and simple method for determining sex.

Chromis-handsome monogamous, as soon as they choose a mate for breeding, they will only spawn with her. The problem is to find a female to spawn (and it is difficult to distinguish it from the male), and even one that suits the male, otherwise they can kill each other. They are very aggressive with each other, if the pair did not suit them.

The first time when you sit them down to each other is very important to watch how they behave. If you overlook, then one of the fish can be found with dangling fins, wounded or killed.

If the pair converges, the male prepares for spawning and its coloring is very enhanced. In this case, you need to follow the female, if she is not ready to spawn, then the male can score her.

The female lays up to 500 eggs on a smooth, pre-cleaned surface. Sometimes it can be inside the pot, but more often it is a flat and smooth stone.

The larva hatching after two days, and parents are very caring for it. The female collects them and hides them to another place until they consume the contents of their yolk sac and float.

This will occur about three days after the appearance of the larvae. The male will protect the fry and arrange in the aquarium a perimeter that cannot be crossed by any fish.

However, the female will not lag behind him either.
They feed the fry of hromisa naupilii artemia, but grow very unevenly and eat each other. They need to be sorted.

Parents will look after the fry until they are about a centimeter long, and then leave them.

Chromis are fishes from the family of cichl and maceral. Fish are common in African lakes, the Congo River basin, tropical seas.

These creatures are quite popular in aquariums, since their maintenance and breeding are not difficult. The most famous is considered to be the handsome and hromis types of chromis, having a bright color and interesting habits.

Handsome man

Chromis subdivided into freshwater and marine fish. There are several main types of them common in aquariums.

Consider the most popular varieties.

Chromis handsome is a freshwater fish, also denoted by other names: chromis red, red cichlid, lifalili. Aquarium individuals reach up to 10 cm in length, females are slightly smaller than males. The body and fins are elongated, the dorsal fin sharpens towards the end.

Chromis handsome has a very elegant color, which increases during the spawning period. The body is bright red with blue-green dots scattered over the entire surface of the body like sparkles.

Females of less bright colors: orange with few olive dots.

Chromis bulti also belongs to a freshwater cichlid with a relatively peaceful nature. Body elongated, compressed from the back.

The head is large with an arched forehead line leading to the beginning of the dorsal fin. Males are brighter than females, their color may be grayish-yellow or yellow-green with bluish and golden hues.

Color becomes more intense during the spawning period. On the brilliant green gill covers there is a dark speck in the gold edging. The dorsal and anal fins have a reddish tinge with light green edges and a black border.

Caudal fin yellow with dots. Chromis bulti reaches a length of 8-11 cm.

The content of chromis in an aquarium is not a difficult process that even a beginner can. For a pair of freshwater fish, an aquarium is needed from 45 liters with a temperature of 24-28 ° C, acidity of 6-8 and medium hardness. In the general aquarium, chrome soil is necessary for gravel, as the fish love to dig the ground, shelters in the form of thickets of plants, snags, stones, grottoes and caves.

From natural plants fit broadleaf with powerful roots and thick leaves, like hendeaceae, hygrophilus, echinodorus, they are best planted in pots. Artificial plants floating on the surface of the water can also be placed in an aquarium.

Weekly you need to replace 30% of the water and install powerful filters.

Pomacentric chromis will be an excellent option to launch a new marine aquarium, they also look good in a small reef aquarium. It is better to choose a capacity of 100 liters with a temperature of 22-26 ° C, acidity 8-8.4, salinity 1.023-1.025. To maintain the brightness of the color will require bright lighting.

Among the plants can be distinguished caulerpu, rogolnikom and water moss. Fishes are kept in packs of up to 9 individuals, alone they are under stress and may refuse to feed.

Shelters are suitable in the form of shells, corals and stones.

Chromis is red omnivorous, can eat any feed. There should be enough protein in their food. Considering their predatory nature, some aquarists specially grow small fish such as guppies for them.

To maintain and enhance the color you can give the fish food with a high content of carotene.

Green and blue-green chromis eat frozen and live food, algae and meat products. Live food includes Cyclops, Artemia, Daphnia, and pipemaker.

It is necessary to be afraid of overfeeding of fishes, therefore feeding is carried out once a day.

Chromis are good and fruitful producers, so their reproduction usually occurs easily, both in general and in a separate aquarium. Chromis handsome reaches sexual maturity by 5-7 months, can multiply on reaching a size of 6 cm. It will take a separate container of 40 liters with soft water of weakly acidic reaction.

Red chromis spawn on the ground or on a flat stone. It turns out usually up to 500 eggs. Producers are good parents, they diligently protect their offspring.

In the general aquarium, their neighbors usually eat caviar, therefore reproduction should occur in the spawning ground. The female is located above the clutch, fanning it with fins, creating a water current above it.

And the male obstructs this plot, thus taking care of the integrity of the offspring.

The reproduction of maceral chromis occurs upon reaching 13-17 months. The females lay their eggs on flat, sloping stones, then take care of them together with the male.

As soon as the fry hatch, the parents transfer them to the pits. As soon as the fry begin to swim, caring chromis help them in the search for food in the form of live dust, ciliates, and artemia.

Handsome or red cichlid

Chromis handsome man can get along with fish of similar size and not only with cichlids. Chromis bulti and lifaly prefer to stay closer to the lower layer of water, for one male you need 3-4 females. These territorial fish are kept in a pair, which they must choose from the group of juveniles themselves.

Chromis handsome and chromis bati have good compatibility with catfish, barbs, some tetras. From cichlids fit lionhead cichlids, pelvicahromis.

Chromis blue-green and green are compatible with any peaceful fish of close dimensions.

Aquarium chromis has always been valued by aquarists for their attractive appearance, undemanding and simple breeding. Good content in an aquarium can contribute to their health and longevity.

Fish can live 5-6 years in favorable conditions and please the owners with its beauty.

Fish Chromis-handsome far not meek and cutie, as it may seem. As in each species, there are separate individuals rather calm, and others attacking everything that moves.

In any case, the neighborhood with them can be costly for other species of fish.

These fish are monogamous, a stable married couple is formed, which divides between them all the care of offspring. Therefore, it makes sense to buy an aquarium with a volume of 120 liters and start two pairs. It will be very interesting to observe the redistribution of territory between them, you can also facilitate their task by dividing the bottom with a high draft.

The main habitat of chromis is the bottom area, so this is how you draw a clear boundary.

Underwater structures made of stones, crafts in the form of sunken ships will serve as shelters where a formed couple can retire. This helps to avoid territorial clashes when several individuals live in an aquarium.

As already mentioned, the nature of the fish is complex, so initially it is worth taking care of the safety of all underwater inhabitants. Definitely not suitable chromis-handsome for a hostel with small popular fish: guppies, neons and others.

Ragged fins and broken eyes are the least that can happen.

Chromis is also an unsafe neighborhood for snails. A large one, like an ampoule, will easily bite off the antennae, and eat smaller ones by shaking out of the shell.

According to the experience of many experienced aquarists, we can say that they peacefully coexist with large catfish and barbs.

Chromis handsome, Zyphrotipia zebra content, compatibility, breeding.

Chromis handsome man – is a fish that has an incredibly beautiful appearance. No wonder its name sounds in English as “Jewel Cichlid” (jewel cichlid, treasure). However, the appearance is deceptive – the nature of the fish is quite aggressive and unpredictable.

There have been cases when, due to the wrong neighborhood, the owners of domestic aquariums have found the disappearance of other fish. The mistake was that chromis did not show friendliness to small and slow fish, such as neons, guppies, danios and others.

The color of the body of the fish is red, even bright purple, there are prominent blotches of greenish color on the body, which twinkle in light, resembling the brilliance of precious stones. A black spot passes through the body. The average size of an adult chromis is 13-15 cm.

In captivity lives about 5 years.

Sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed; there is no exact method for distinguishing the male from the female. It is believed that during spawning the males acquire a brighter color, in females the belly is rounded.

Form a pair at an early age, after which they are settled in a separate aquarium, where there is no competition.

CHROMIDOTYLAPY OF GUNTER CONTENTS DIVISION DESCRIPTION PHOTOS.

CYCHLASOMES CONTENTS AND CARE BREEDING COMPATIBILITY PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION.

Chromis butterfly: content, compatibility, video review

Order, family: tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 24-32 ° C.

Ph: 5.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.

Compatibility: only with peace-loving and non-aggressive fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Very beautiful small fish. Because of the “crown on the head,” it is sometimes called a “goldfish,” although it has nothing to do with carp goldfish.

It is also called apistogramma (but this is not a real apistorgamma).

Despite all the beauty of the fish, its disadvantage is that it is very demanding to the content, painful – “white semolina” with poor content is provided to it.

Description:

The body is slightly stretched, the head is large, the mouth is terminal.

Body color is yellow with a blue sheen. The front of the back is reddish-brown. Throat, chest and abdomen golden.

The eyes are crossed by a black transverse strip. The whole fish is covered with iridescent blue, green dots and spots.

The fins are transparent with a red border. Closer to the head with the back fin has a rich black color (crown).

Fish length up to 7 cm.

For the maintenance of the necessary aquarium – from 30 liters per couple, densely planted with plants. Fish can be kept with peace-loving fish.

Recommended water parameters for the content: hardness varies, better soft, pH 5.8-7.5, temperature 24-32 ° C. Aeration, filtration and water change 1/5 weekly.

The fish are very capricious and comfortable parameters of water, the conditions of detention may be different. When buying a butterfly chromis, you should check with the seller the specific parameters that contained the fish.

Otherwise, unfavorable hydrochemical conditions lead to diseases, especially bacterial infections and ichthyophthyriosis.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Video about chromis butterfly

Ramirezi’s apistogram is a fish with many names and colors

The Ramisrez apistogram Mikrogeophagus ramirezi or the cichlid butterfly (chromis butterfly) is a small, beautiful, peaceful aquarium fish that has many different names.
Although it was discovered 30 years later than its cousin, the Bolivian butterfly (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus), but it is Ramiserez’s apistogram that is now more widely known and is being sold massively. Although both of these cichlids are dwarfed, the butterfly is smaller in size than the Bolivian and grows up to 5 cm, in nature it is somewhat larger, about 7 cm.

It is worth noting that this fish has many different artificially derived forms, such as voile, neon, blue neon, electric blue, albino, gold, balloon and others. But in this its diversity does not end, it is also called very differently: Ramirezi’s apistogram, Ramirez butterfly, chromis butterfly, butterfly cichlid and others.

Such diversity confuses lovers, but in fact we are talking about the same fish, which sometimes has a different color or shape of the body.

As these variations, such as electric blue neon or gold kneading, are the result of incest and the gradual degeneration of fish due to intragenital crossing. New, brighter forms, in addition to beauty, also receive weakened immunity and a tendency to diseases. And sellers love to use hormones and injections to make fish more attractive before selling.

So, if you have conceived to buy a butterfly cichlid for yourself, then choose from a familiar seller, so that your fish does not die or turn into a gray likeness of itself after a while.

The chromis butterfly is considerably less aggressive than other cichlids, but is also more complex in content and capricious. Ramirezi is very peaceful, in fact it is one of the few cichlids that can be kept in a common aquarium even with such small fish as neons or guppies. Although they may show some signs of attack, they are more likely to frighten than actually attack.

Yes, and this happens only if someone invades their territory.

Chromis butterfly is an omnivorous fish, in nature it feeds on plant matter and various small organisms that it finds in the ground. In the aquarium, she eats all kinds of harvesting and frozen food – bloodworms, tubule, coreret, artemia. Some eat flakes and pellets, then not very willingly as a rule.

To feed it you need two or three times a day, in small portions. Since the fish is rather timid, it is important that she have time to eat for their more lively neighbors.

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