Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Chocolate gourami: the fineness of the content in the aquarium

Chocolate gourami: the fineness of the content in the aquarium

Hello dear readers! The topic of today’s article will be the next representative of the labyrinth family – chocolate gourami.

This aquarium fish is the birthplace of the waters of Southeast Asia, namely from the islands of Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula. For the first time in Europe, this type of gourami appeared in 1905.

Chocolate gourami has a tall and elongated body, slightly compressed on the sides. The mouth is small and stretched up like a lunar gourami. Dorsal and anal fin long, but not high.

This name fish received due to the characteristic dark brown color (chocolate). Also on the body of the fish there are transverse and uneven strips of different widths and lengths. Guram color can vary from cream to white with a pink tint.

Pelvic fins reddish. In length, chocolate guramka can grow up to 15 centimeters.

Distinguishing the female from the male is easier than ever: the dorsal fin is sharp at the end of the male, and has a rounding at the female. When spawning, the tail fin darkens noticeably in the male, and vice versa in the female.

Chocolate guramki are considered shy and peaceful fish that mostly live near the surface or in the middle layer of the water column. This aquarium fish can easily get along with other peaceful and calm fish of various sizes. The most active gourami day.

For the maintenance of this guramka you need to purchase a large aquarium, preferably from 70 liters for 4 individuals and thickly plant it with aquarium plants. Do not forget about plants floating on the surface (pistis).

In addition, it is very important to leave enough space for swimming.

Particular preference for chocolates to koryagam, near which they constantly rub. The lighting is preferably not bright, but muffled. Like other members of the labyrinth family (lalius, macropod, pearl gouram, marble gouram), chocolate gumram breathes atmospheric air.

Be sure to cover the jar with a cover glass so that the air above the water is warm and the fish do not catch a cold by inhaling the cool air. Aquarium water in a can with guramki should have these basic parameters:

  • hardness: 4-10;
  • temperature: 25-25 °;
  • pH: 5-6.5.

Be sure to replace about 30% of the water with fresh water once a week and filtering and aeration of the aquarium is required. Food for chocolate gourami you can take any: bloodworm, daphnia, small larvae of all kinds of insects. Very often the fish does not refuse the combined feed, but it is not very well absorbed.

Quite often gourami transmit, so feed them in portions. With a normal diet, the fish has an intense color.

If the food is poor or not digested, then the fish will turn pale with time.

At the age of 6 to 8 months, the guram becomes sexually mature. For breeding chocolate gourami, a spawn with a volume of 50 liters is needed. Aquarium soil is not required, but plants are desirable.

Part of the surface will need to cover the floating small-leaved grass, such as Riccia or water fern. Fish are not recommended when spawning, so it is often advised to cover the front wall.

Aquarium water in spawning should have the following parameters:

  • hardness: up to 3 degrees;
  • temperature: 28-30 degrees;
  • pH: 5-6;
  • water level: up to 15 centimeters.

Before spawning, the producers are kept separately for a couple of weeks and heavily fed. Depending on the place of birth of the fish, it can spawn at the bottom or in small nests near the surface. Caviar is rather large (about 1.5 mm in diameter).

Eggs are heavy and plunge into the nest themselves. It is still not clear how falling eggs are falling exactly into the nest, and not just to the bottom of the aquarium.

After that, the female puts the eggs in her mouth. It is very important to remember this: if the spawning is small, then the female will not incubate the eggs. It is very important to get a spacious spawning aquarium.

It happens that there are a lot of caviar and it doesn’t fit into the mouth, so it just lies at the bottom. However, soon Mommy still put all the eggs in her mouth for incubation.

Due to its small size, the mouth of the guram does not hold more than 40 eggs. The incubation period is about two weeks, after which fry about 5 millimeters in size are born.

Since they are dark in color, they are clearly visible. Small things kept at the surface and hiding in plants.

Food to start can be taken nauplii Artemia.

As the food drowns quickly, it is given to small items in portions and often. In a bank with young stock the water level should be no more than 10 centimeters. The water in it does not change until the fish has formed a labyrinth and they do not start to gasp for air.

Make the water in the jar with warm fry, somewhere around 30 degrees, because very often fry diseases of the young fry.

О admin


Check Also

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – content, breeding

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – a fish with a very unusual body structure and bright ...

Glossolepis red (Glossolepis incisus) – content, breeding

Glossolepis incisus Glossolepis red Weber, 1908. Glossolepis red – a bright fish of rich red ...

Labeo Bicolor (Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) – content, breeding

Labeo Bicolor (Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) SMITH, 1931 Labeo two-tone – a beautiful fish with a contrasting ...

Rasbora brigitta (Boraras brigittae) – content, breeding

Rasbor Brigitte (Boraras brigittae) Vogt, 1978 All Boraras are very beautiful and each species is ...

Homaloptera orthogoniata (Homaloptera orthogoniata) – content

Homaloptera orthogoniata (Homaloptera orthogoniata) Vaillant, 1902 Khomaloptera orthogoniata, also called the flat-footed patterned, homaloptera orchid ...

Botsia Striata (Botia striata) – content, breeding

Botia striata NARAYAN RAO, 1920. Botsia Striat is a spectacular, peace-loving and unpretentious fish, known ...

Ancistrus ordinary (Ancistrus Dolichopterus) – content, breeding

Antsistrus ordinary, belonging to the family of chain catfish, is very popular among aquarists. Due ...

Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata) – content, breeding

Ghurami nagging (Trichopsis vittata) – a labyrinth fish, named for its ability to make grumbling ...

Lyalius (Colisa Lalia) – description, content, breeding

Lyalius (Colisa lalia) from the labyrinth family, Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822 At home – in the north ...

Rasbora krasnopololaya (Rasbora pauciperforata) – content, breeding

Rasboro red linear (Rasbora pauciperforata) Weber De Beaufort, 1916 Red-striping, or otherwise, Malay, red-linear — ...

Chromis Handsome (Hemichromis bimaculatus) – content, breeding

Chromis-handsome (Hemichromis bimaculatus) Gill, 1862 Two closely related species of fish, Chromis-handsome and # Chromis ...

Botsiya Kubota (Botia kubotai) – content, breeding

Botsiya Kubota or Chess Botsiya (Botia kubotai) KOTTELAT 2004. Botsiya Kubota is a beautiful mobile ...

Apistogramma Agassiztsa (Apistogramma agassizi) – content, breeding

Apastogram Agassizca, Apistogram flare (Apistogramma agassizi) Steindachner, 1875 This is one of the most beautiful ...

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – content, breeding

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – a labyrinth fish of surprising color was discovered by the ...

Macropod (Macropodus opercularis) – content, breeding

Articles from Korifeyev domestic aquarism Md Makhlin “Journey to the aquarium” Once Carbonier noticed a ...

Elephant fish (Gnathonemus petersii) – content, breeding

Elephant fish or Nile elephant (Gnathonemus petersii) Family: Mormires (Mormyridae). Gnathonemus petersii (above) and Campylomormyrus ...

Diamond Chichlaoma (Herichthys carpintis) – content, breeding

Brilliant or Pearl Cichlosome (Herichthys carpintis) Jordan Snyder / David Starr Jordan and John Otterbeyn ...

Guppy Endler (Poecilia wingei) – content, breeding

Guppy-Endler’s Poecilia wingei – discovered by F. Bond in 1937, were described only in 1975 ...

Apistogramma Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) – content, breeding

Aporetogram Borelli (Apistogramma borellii) Regan, 1906, beautiful dwarf cichlids from the Amazon. Southern Brazil, Paraguay ...

Gourami dwarf (Trichopsis pumila) – content, breeding

Gourami dwarf or Pumila (Trichopsis pumila) – the tiniest member of the labyrinth family. In ...

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) – content, breeding

Mastamembel Armatus (Mastacembelus armatus) Lacepède, 1800 Other names: Mustambell Carapace, Coffee Eel. Family: Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae). ...

Glowing fish GloFish – types, description, content

Varieties of glowing aquarium fish with a common designation – GloFish. Glofish – patented name ...

Tsichlazoma Severum (Heros efasciatus) – content, breeding

Cychlasoma Severum (Heros efasciatus) Heckel, 1840 Family: Cichlids (Cichlidae) Other names / Synonyms: Severum, Severum ...

Gastromizon (Gastromyzon punctulatus) – content, breeding

Gastromizon (Gastromyzon punctulatus) is a small and calm fish that can be more and more ...