Hello dear readers! The topic of today’s article will be the next representative of the labyrinth family – chocolate gourami.
This aquarium fish is the birthplace of the waters of Southeast Asia, namely from the islands of Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula. For the first time in Europe, this type of gourami appeared in 1905.
Chocolate gourami has a tall and elongated body, slightly compressed on the sides. The mouth is small and stretched up like a lunar gourami. Dorsal and anal fin long, but not high.
This name fish received due to the characteristic dark brown color (chocolate). Also on the body of the fish there are transverse and uneven strips of different widths and lengths. Guram color can vary from cream to white with a pink tint.
Pelvic fins reddish. In length, chocolate guramka can grow up to 15 centimeters.
Distinguishing the female from the male is easier than ever: the dorsal fin is sharp at the end of the male, and has a rounding at the female. When spawning, the tail fin darkens noticeably in the male, and vice versa in the female.
Chocolate guramki are considered shy and peaceful fish that mostly live near the surface or in the middle layer of the water column. This aquarium fish can easily get along with other peaceful and calm fish of various sizes. The most active gourami day.
For the maintenance of this guramka you need to purchase a large aquarium, preferably from 70 liters for 4 individuals and thickly plant it with aquarium plants. Do not forget about plants floating on the surface (pistis).
In addition, it is very important to leave enough space for swimming.
Particular preference for chocolates to koryagam, near which they constantly rub. The lighting is preferably not bright, but muffled. Like other members of the labyrinth family (lalius, macropod, pearl gouram, marble gouram), chocolate gumram breathes atmospheric air.
Be sure to cover the jar with a cover glass so that the air above the water is warm and the fish do not catch a cold by inhaling the cool air. Aquarium water in a can with guramki should have these basic parameters:
- hardness: 4-10;
- temperature: 25-25 °;
- pH: 5-6.5.
Be sure to replace about 30% of the water with fresh water once a week and filtering and aeration of the aquarium is required. Food for chocolate gourami you can take any: bloodworm, daphnia, small larvae of all kinds of insects. Very often the fish does not refuse the combined feed, but it is not very well absorbed.
Quite often gourami transmit, so feed them in portions. With a normal diet, the fish has an intense color.
If the food is poor or not digested, then the fish will turn pale with time.
At the age of 6 to 8 months, the guram becomes sexually mature. For breeding chocolate gourami, a spawn with a volume of 50 liters is needed. Aquarium soil is not required, but plants are desirable.
Part of the surface will need to cover the floating small-leaved grass, such as Riccia or water fern. Fish are not recommended when spawning, so it is often advised to cover the front wall.
Aquarium water in spawning should have the following parameters:
- hardness: up to 3 degrees;
- temperature: 28-30 degrees;
- pH: 5-6;
- water level: up to 15 centimeters.
Before spawning, the producers are kept separately for a couple of weeks and heavily fed. Depending on the place of birth of the fish, it can spawn at the bottom or in small nests near the surface. Caviar is rather large (about 1.5 mm in diameter).
Eggs are heavy and plunge into the nest themselves. It is still not clear how falling eggs are falling exactly into the nest, and not just to the bottom of the aquarium.
After that, the female puts the eggs in her mouth. It is very important to remember this: if the spawning is small, then the female will not incubate the eggs. It is very important to get a spacious spawning aquarium.
It happens that there are a lot of caviar and it doesn’t fit into the mouth, so it just lies at the bottom. However, soon Mommy still put all the eggs in her mouth for incubation.
Due to its small size, the mouth of the guram does not hold more than 40 eggs. The incubation period is about two weeks, after which fry about 5 millimeters in size are born.
Since they are dark in color, they are clearly visible. Small things kept at the surface and hiding in plants.
Food to start can be taken nauplii Artemia.
As the food drowns quickly, it is given to small items in portions and often. In a bank with young stock the water level should be no more than 10 centimeters. The water in it does not change until the fish has formed a labyrinth and they do not start to gasp for air.
Make the water in the jar with warm fry, somewhere around 30 degrees, because very often fry diseases of the young fry.