Barbs or barbels are popular among aquarists because of their activity and vivacity. These fish are distinguished by unpretentiousness and livability with aquarium inhabitants.
The most calm and peaceful is considered a cherry barb.
Cherry Puntius or Cherry Barb is a fish species belonging to the class of ray-finned fish and located in the family of cyprinid cyprinidae. It belongs to the endemic (species found only in a certain territory and nowhere else) of the island of Sri Lanka. Occurs in the waters of the Kelani and Nilvaly rivers.
Prefers clean water with clear and slow flowing water. The bottom is most often covered with silt, in which a large amount of vegetation grows.
In the past, water bodies on the island of Sri Lanka were changed by human activities, and the territories were used for their own needs. This led to the fact that the species was listed in the Red Book as being on the verge of extinction.
With the help of reserves and captive breeding, the population was restored.
These fish, originally from Asia, have been known to humanity for more than a few hundred years. In the European part, their general popularity began in the 1930s.
In the USSR, they appeared closer to the 1950s.
From the name of the species, the color of the fish becomes immediately clear – saturated red-cherry. The color reaches its greatest brightness during spawning. And also the color changes from physical condition.
The color of fish living in natural conditions is much brighter than that of those bred in captivity. There is a dark stripe along the sides, which stretches from the head to the caudal fin.
These fish grow to only 5 cm. Their body is elongated and oval with points in the head and tail area.
The back, ventral and anal fins do not differ in size or shape, and the caudal fin has its usual forked shape.
A small mustache is located near the mouth, which is why the genus was called a mustache.
Breeders bred a more perfect and beautiful form of cherry Puntius – a veil cherry barbus. The voile specimen has long, flowing fins and a more catchy color.
Cherry Puntius schooling fish. In the wild, flocks of Puntius reach a couple of thousand individuals.
With a single content, the color of the fish turns pale and tarnish.
Behavior in relation to other representatives of the peace-loving and non-aggressive. Do not keep them together with fish with a veiled and long fins.
Barbs pootkusyvayut them.
The average life of barbs is 4 years.
A stack of 5 barbs will be enough for a tank of 50 liters. But it is preferable to keep a flock of 10 individuals in a 100-liter capacity.
It is better to choose a low aquarium, but a long one, because Puntius will need sufficient space for swimming. At the bottom, place the various caves, grottoes, stone towers, snags.
Keep water clean and weekly replace 1/3 of its volume.
Barbusy not particularly demanding on the composition and quality of water. They are suitable ordinary water from the tap, but it is worth some time to defend.
The water temperature in the tank should be from 23 to 27 degrees Celsius. Acidity is 6.3–7.6 pH, and hardness is 6–18 ° dH;
In a tank with cherry Puntius planted a large amount of vegetation. In the natural water bodies inhabited by Puntiuses, the plant world is always developed.
But do not forget to leave enough space in the aquarium for swimming.
- Bacopa Caroline.
- Lagarosyphon curly.
There are no preferences for the selection of soil, but the owners note that on a dark soil the fish look more impressive. Dark gravel works well.
Do not choose coarse-grained soil, prefer small or medium ground.
Equip an aquarium with barbs with aeration and filtration systems, and installation of a pump is also a good addition. This will provide a constant purification of water in the tank and a sufficient amount of oxygen dissolved in water.
The pump will create additional flow and circulation of water, but the flow should not be too strong.
Lighting fits any, to this barbs are picky, but a good option would be to install an aquarium near the window on the sunny side – natural light will favorably affect the fish. But only daylight will be missed, especially in winter, so place additional sources of light on the aquarium lid.
And also, if desired, use the backlight.
Be sure to provide shelter-shade so that the inhabitants, if necessary, have the opportunity to hide. For this fit plants with broad leaves, caverns, snags, houses.
In its natural environment, the diet of fish consists of crustaceans, insects, larvae, and some plants. When the content of the cherry barb in the home aquarium fish calmly eat food of any origin. A good diet option is a combination of live food with a small amount of dry food, such as flakes or pellets.
Puntius and herbal supplements are needed, for example, vegetables, nettle leaves, lettuce, spinach, dandelion.
Puntius feed in small portions a couple of times a day. Remember that cherry barbs are small and have a small mouth.
Therefore, choose food with small particles or chop food before feeding yourself. When feeding vegetables or leaves, be sure to scald them with boiling water to destroy the bacteria and soften the food pieces.
Cherry barbs are famous for their peace-loving temperament and get along well with almost all other aquarium inhabitants, especially if they themselves will not show aggression. Together with the barbs it is possible to keep fry of other fish and not to worry about their safety.
But the cherry fish themselves are often the victim of attacks from other fish because of their size. For example, the poor compatibility of barbs with territorial scalars and discussions.
You should not jointly contain the Sumatran barbs.
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Puberty occurs in six months, and individuals are ready for breeding at 9-12 months. For breeding cherry Puntius on one female should be 2 males.
For the breeding of barbs you will have to create more favorable conditions in the aquarium or deposit several fish in a separate spawning ground. A week before spawning, the fish are fed vigorously, and the water temperature is raised.
It is desirable to ensure the complete absence of stress. When arranging spawning should be laid on the bottom of the grid, through which the eggs fail, and place the vegetation on top of the grid.
During the breeding season, individuals are easily distinguished by gender, because males become much brighter to attract females. Female sex is painted much more modest.
In females, the belly is more convex and rounded, the males are slimmer, and also more elongated and graceful.
The spawning process often occurs closer to dawn. During spawning, the female spawns up to 250 eggs, but not all the fry will be viable.
After spawning, the water level is lowered, and the parents are deposited. Spawning with eggs is desirable to equip the aerator.
Eggs hatch in a day. Feed the fry, preferably with micro worms and artemia.
Fry grow very fast and are highly active.
Resistance to most diseases – a distinctive feature of barbs. They have a strong immune system that helps them survive in adverse conditions.
With improper and inadequate care and barbs are able to pick up various diseases.
- Lack of aeration system. There are fish that can breathe air at the surface, but most species need aeration.
- The absence of a filter and a rare change of water in the aquarium.
- Incorrect ratio of the volume of the aquarium and the number of fish.
- Poor quality food, which is most often infected with infections.
- Non-compliance with the rules of hygiene, ingress of infected plants, decorations.
- Lack of quarantine for purchased fish.
- Incorrect spawning organization.
The most common diseases affecting the body of cherry barbs:
White-skinned – an infectious disease that affects the body of the fish, the pet’s color changes. Its skin acquires a whitish or yellowish tint near the caudal fin and on the back.
The disease spreads easily in the aquarium from one diseased fish to another, so if you notice signs of the disease, immediately begin treatment and expel healthy fish. Secondary symptoms are considered
- Lethargy fish.
- Decreased appetite.
- The individual is on the surface of the water.
- Coordination problems due to disruption of the nervous system.
Treatment in this situation is carried out using a solution of chloramphenicol (200 mg / liter) and complete disinfection of all items in the aquarium and the aquarium itself.
Branchiomycosis or gill rot is a fungal disease that affects the gill apparatus. The causative agent of the disease is Branchiomyces mushroom.
Although the disease most often develops in polluted water, but if the causative agents of the disease enter the aquarium, it will be rather difficult to stop the disease.
The fungus enters the reservoir through poor quality feed or from other infected fish.
To promote the development of the fungus can high temperature, the remnants of food in water, waste fish. The fungus falls into the gill slits and lingers there, germinates. In the process of growth, the fungus closes the vessels and the body parts of the fish die off.
For a week, the disease can kill almost all the fish in the tank.
Among the symptoms emit
- Low activity
- Lack of appetite.
- They distinguish gill rot from other diseases by the presence of red-claret stripes on the gills, which are then supplemented by dull gray spots and skin death.
- The representative is often scratched by damaged areas.
- The inhabitant of the aquarium begins to float on the side of the aquarium.
The treatment is carried out in baths with chemicals to destroy spores and fungi, or salt baths. In the aquarium to conduct thorough disinfection.
Aeromonosis or rubella is a disease caused by an infection. It is more common in open ponds and reservoirs, but it is also found in household tanks.
Pathogens – aeromonads, bacteria.
Causes of rubella:
- Overpopulation aquarium inhabitants.
- Remains of food are not removed from their aquarium and decompose.
- Contaminated water.
- Red spots on the body of the fish in the “precarious” period of the disease.
- Further education of ulcers.
- Scales rise, their color becomes faded and tarnish.
- The belly is getting too big.
- Eyelids, eyeballs too bulge forward.
Cherry barbs are considered the most calm and peaceful inhabitants of the barbus genus. Breeders note that their pets are not sabotage or excessive whimsical and selective. These inhabitants are omnivores, so there are no problems with feeding.
With the reproduction of problems, too, does not particularly arise. And also all celebrate the exquisite beauty of this fish, its red-cherry color.
The cost of cherry fish depends on the size of pets and their age. When buying fry, especially by the flock, the purchase will be much cheaper than the purchase of adults.
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Cherry barbs are favorites of aquarists around the world. After all, this type includes beauty, grace, omnivorous, active and easy reproduction.