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Care and care for cockpit aquarium fish

The cockerel fish is one of the most beautiful, interesting and at the same time unpretentious aquarium inhabitants. Since they are freshwater rather than marine, it is easy to care for them, and they are inexpensive.

But in addition to the unusual appearance, nature has given these creatures a lively and energetic temperament, therefore there are certain rules for keeping such fish at home.

Fish have a small size and usually do not grow more than 5 cm, but are distinguished by the brightness and splendor of their fins and tails. The natural color is light olive or gray with dark stripes, but breeders brought out new variations of blue, violet, green, red, orange, black, white, yellow and cream colors. The coloring can be both monophonic, and two-color or with transition of a set of shades.

There are varieties in size and shape of the fins.

In aesthetic terms, males are much more attractive than females, but they are also quick-tempered. Males are called fighting fish, as they aggressively behave with their relatives, and two males in one aquarium can fatally cripple each other. This trait of their character was used at the beginning of the XIX century, when this species of fish began to be bred for fighting with money rates.

They were given the name for cockiness peculiar to roosters.

But such a disadvantage, as aggressiveness, is compensated by a pronounced paternal instinct and the fact that it is convenient to contain them due to the simplicity in food and conditions.

Proper care will ensure the lives of males for two and a half years, and some centenarians have an age of 3 years.

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It is easy to care for the cockerel fish, but you have to prepare for the appearance of a new pet in advance. First he needs to find a home. For this purpose you can use any capacity, accommodating 4-4,5 liters of water.

Care and maintenance in the bank of the rooster fish is also suitable, as they are inactive. Aquarium fits any shape, it can be round, square or any other.

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To create a comfortable environment, you need to put soil, river sand or gravel on the bottom of a mini-aquarium, and for everything to look beautiful, you can add small decorations without sharp corners (not only natural corals and shells) and artificial plants. Sometimes live algae are also placed, but they are sensitive to the temperature of the water and solar or artificial light, so under certain conditions they can begin to rot and spoil the contents of the aquarium.

In addition, living plants need daily coverage for 8–14 hours per day.

Before you pour water into the prepared aquarium, you need to make sure that it is sufficiently settled. In pet stores you can buy special tools and additives to improve the quality of the liquid, eg:

  • air conditioning to neutralize harmful substances contained in the water supply;
  • biological additives to eliminate waste;
  • cleaners for transparency;
  • algae controllers that eliminate the greenish tint;
  • pH regulators that make the environment optimal;
  • stiffness regulating mineralizers;
  • trace elements that enrich water;
  • fertilizers for normal growth of aquarium plants.

Choosing a tool, you can consult with a consultant in the store. The main thing is to remember that you cannot pour bottled liquid into the aquarium.

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Some fish need to filter and aerate water to live in captivity. Petus for these do not apply.

Features of the anatomy of their respiratory organs are such that they additionally breathe atmospheric oxygen, so it will be enough to organize the access of air to the aquarium without closing it with a tight lid. Protection against jumping can be provided by covering the container with a fine-meshed net and without adding water to the edges.

Aeration may be needed only in a large aquarium, the height of the water in which is more than 15 cm. Otherwise, the surface temperature will be much higher than at the bottom.

In a small aquarium of the additional equipment may only need a heater. Small fish is sensitive to temperature changes, therefore, before settling it is necessary to make the water in the aquarium as warm as the one in which the cockerel was at the time of purchase. Moving a new tenant, do not get it out of the container by hand.

It is enough just to lower the container into the water, and the fish will calmly swim out.

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You won’t have to watch the cockerel tirelessly. It needs only time to feed, change the water and maintain its temperature at 25−28 degrees Celsius.

If the water is colder, the fish will burrow into the soil at the bottom and hibernate.

Food can be any, live or frozen food will do. Granulated or flaky dry food developed specifically for cockerels can also be given, but they can lead to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition, it is more difficult to care for the aquarium in the case of the use of dry food, as its remains spoil the water.

As for fluid replacement, this The process is carried out in two ways:

  • about 1.5 liters of water changes about 3 times a week; if necessary, walls and decorations are additionally cleaned;
  • the fish is transferred to a separate tank, and in its aquarium a complete replacement of the fluid is performed with additional cleaning of the walls and internal contents (soil, decorations, etc.).

The second method is not only more time consuming, it can also be harmful to fish. Therefore, it is used only in cases where the first method fails to eliminate ammonia odor.

The aquarium can stand anywhere in the apartment, but you need to remember that it should not fall into direct sunlight and affect drafts.

If everything is done correctly, the fish will quickly settle down in a new place and will even improve it by building a nest of foam.

In order for the roosters to have offspring, you need to know how to help them in this. The first step is to choose an aquarium with a volume of at least 7 liters.

For females, artificial grottoes should be equipped in it as shelters; you can also add small-leaved floating plants with which the male will then strengthen the nest.

The spawned couple must be 3–4 months old. At first they are better kept in different aquariums, but the tanks should be located so that the fish can see each other. When they are resettled in one vessel, they will have to stimulate spawning.

To do this, you need to regularly add fresh water and increase its temperature by 1-3 degrees Celsius. As a result, the water should be from 28 to 36 degrees.

If everything goes well, the male will begin to build a nest of air bubbles, sealed with saliva. There will be placed 100−300 eggs, which will take care of the father.

A male is also responsible for the larvae and fry obtained in about 36 hours.

Like any living thing, a cockerel can get sick. This can be seen in the tarnishing of its color, damage to the fins, lethargy, lack of appetite, the appearance of white spots, the occurrence of problems with breathing, scratching and other physiological symptoms.

If a fish has one or several such signs, it is urgent to isolate it from other inhabitants of the aquarium, since the disease may be contagious. Medicines can be purchased at a pet store, describing the symptoms or symptoms to the seller or consultant.

Some diseases can be cured by the owner.

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If the fish is sluggish, breathing is difficult, it begins to swell, perhaps it is constipated. Blocking intestinal food can be fatal, so the pet definitely needs help.

To cope with this trouble, you can stop feeding the rooster for a few days. This will help his intestines to digest food debris.

Then the pet will need twice a day to give live food with a high content of coarse material. In this capacity, the bloodworm, zooplankton, tubule or artemia will suit.

You can slightly increase the temperature of the water and add magnesium sulfate to the aquarium to speed up the metabolism. In the future, you will need to cut the diet so that the problem does not return.

The perfect serving for fish is the one that is eaten in a few minutes.

If the tips of the fins and tail have darkened, and white spots have gone through the body, diseases such as fin rot or fungal infection are likely to occur. They are accompanied by loss of activity and weighting of the fins.

The first step is to clean the fish’s habitat: wash the aquarium with a weak bleach solution, boil the scenery and completely replace the water. Then in the liquid you need to add medicine, which is suitable as tetracycline or ampicillin, as well as some antifungal drug.

It will be necessary to change the liquid and add a new portion of medication to it every 3 days until the first signs of improvement appear. It usually takes about a month.

When the treatment is completed, you need to process the aquarium with betamax in order to prevent the recurrence of the fungal infection.

If a scale of red appears on the scales, which can be clearly seen by shining a flashlight, the fish most likely had a velvet disease. The disease is accompanied by apathy, loss of appetite, friction against the walls of the aquarium and adhesion of fins.

You can prevent it by regularly adding conditioner and aquarium salt to the water, but if it occurs, you will need BettaZing. It should be added at the rate of 3 drops per 1 liter of water.

You need to be prepared for the fact that some diseases may be incurable. For example, dropsy, in which the stomach swells and the scales bulge.

To prevent deadly diseases, you can properly care for the fish and clean their habitat on time, but if the disease still occurs, you need to protect the sick pet from time to communicate with others.

Owners of large aquariums often collect different inhabitants in it. The result is a beautiful piece of furniture, which is interesting to watch.

But this is only possible if the types of fish are chosen correctly, and they do not fight with each other and do not hunt.

Males can successfully be kept in a 40-liter capacity with the following neighbors:

  • swordtails;
  • rass;
  • brocade and speckled catfish;
  • minors;
  • chilias;
  • gourami;
  • ternitsemi;
  • mollies.

These and other peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium will not be a hassle in sharing. Sometimes roosters are hooked to such fish:

  • guppy;
  • danios;
  • scalar;
  • labo;
  • barbs;
  • cardinals;
  • to neon

Cockerels do clash with them, but usually they don’t end with anything serious; fish can only damage the fins a little.

You also need to know which aquarium dwellers it is strictly forbidden to share cockerels:

  • gold fish;
  • parrots;
  • Akaras;
  • cichlids;
  • lineatus;
  • piranhas;
  • tetraodones;
  • astronotus.

Their incompatibility is justified by various reasons. So, the golden fish does not fit the warm water needed for a normal cockerel, and piranha will simply eat the new neighbor.

If you plan to settle several cockerels in the same aquarium, then you need to remember that females can coexist normally with their own kind, since they have a clear hierarchy. But when sharing the new neighbor, there may be clashes.

Keeping two males together is dangerous. You can try to do this only in the case of a very large aquarium with dense vegetation, where each of the cockerels will have enough of their own territory.

If the neighbors do not encroach on the borders of each other’s possessions, fights will be avoided.

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