maintenance, care, compatibility
Cardinals – aquarium fish that are almost gone
Cardinal (Latin Tanichthys alboneubes) is a beautiful, small and very popular aquarium fish that you probably know. But, you know, what are you …
Cardinal habitat in nature has changed significantly in recent years, and this has affected the number of fish. Wildlife has become parks, hotels and sanatoriums.
This led to the fact that the cardinal disappeared, and since 1980, for twenty years, there has not been a single message about the population. The species was even considered extinct in its homeland in China and Vietnam.
Fortunately, a small amount was found in isolated areas of Goundong Province, and on Hanyang Island in China, as well as in Quang Nin Province in Vietnam. But this species is still very rare, and is considered endangered in China. The Chinese government is taking measures to restore the cardinal population in nature.
All individuals of the cardinal, which are now sold – raised in captivity.
Tanichthys albonubes, or simply cardinal – an ideal fish for those who are just starting their acquaintance with aquarist. These small and mobile creatures are not only beautiful, but also very simple in maintenance and care.
But first things first.
The rapid streams of mountain streams in southeastern China are considered to be the historical homeland of these carps.
From there, the cardinal was brought to Canada (1935), then came to the United States, and after that to Europe, and more precisely to Germany (1938).
It should be noted that from 1980 to the present, the cardinals have been considered an extinct species in China. This is due to the influence of man on wildlife and its transformation into parks, hotels, sanatoriums and so on.
A small number of fish survived in the provinces of Goundong (China) and Quang Nin (Vietnam), but it is negligible. The Chinese government is taking measures to preserve and restore the population.
And all the fish that go on sale and which we see in pet stores, are raised in captivity.
Tanichthys albonubes should preferably be settled in an aquarium with a large flock of 15 or more individuals (and there should be 2-3 males in the flock, not more). If the cardinals in the home pond will be a bit, then they become fearful, most of the time hiding and losing the brightness of the color.
And so it is very peaceful and friendly creatures that do not conflict with each other, do not touch their fry, and treat representatives of other species very well.
About how to choose the right fish in the aquarium will tell our article.
We advise you to read the article Unpretentious aquarium fish.
Small neighbors, similar in temperament, will become good neighbors for them: a galaxy, a guppy, a zebrafish microassembly, etc.
Big, aggressive fish for which the cardinal will easily become food are categorically inappropriate. The neighborhood with goldfish is also not very good – they can eat.
It is also better not to keep along with catfish, gourami, laliusi and similar slow-moving calm fish, in which the cardinals will divert food from under their noses.
Aquarium better to choose an oblong shape. It will be enough and a small 15-liter for 5-7 fish. But the ideal is still a 40 liter spacious container.
The water level should not be below 20-25 cm.
Water. Cardinals do not like warm water.
In such conditions, their coloring fades and their life expectancy decreases. Also, there should be no sharp temperature changes, otherwise the fish will get a fungus.
The optimal parameters of water is considered to be the temperature of 18-22 degrees, the hardness of 4-20 °, pH 6.5-7.5.
Filtration and aeration very desirable. Every 1-2 weeks is required to replace 30 percent of the volume of water.
Lighting Fish need bright, so you need additional lighting.
Priming better to choose the dark. Suitable as sand and small pebbles.
Plants. Despite the fact that the cardinals prefer dense vegetation, the algae must be placed so that the light can reach the bottom, and there is a place for swimming.
Fern, myriophyllum, Ludwigia, Elodaea, Limnophila, Wallisneria and other small-leaved varieties are well suited. On the surface, you can arrange duckweed or riccia.
Decor. For decoration, you can install snags and stones.
- In Asia, cardinals are sometimes kept as pond fish. They are not only beautiful, but also help in the fight against mosquitoes.
- These carp are able to withstand temperature drops from 14 to 30 degrees.
- The name Cardinal is a commercial move. The merchants gave it to these fish so that the goods sold better. Such a name was often found in German books on aquarism of the time, from which it got into Russian and took root.
- In China and England, fish are called minnows, mountains of white clouds, or Guangdong minnows. They are so named because of their habitat. Cardinals can be found in fast and cool water flows on Baiyunshan Mountain, which is also known as White Mountain Clouds.
As we can see, it’s really easy to care for cardinals. They are loyal both to the volume of the dwelling, and to the parameters of the water, and to the stern.
The only thing that is important is to maintain the purity of the water. And so these fish will delight the owner not only at home, but even in a mini-aquarium in the office on the desktop.
Cardinal fish content breeding description compatibility photo video.
Despite its unremarkable size, the cardinal is a bright and colorful fish with an elongated and slender body, which is slightly flattened in front, on the sides. On top of the muzzle – a small mouth, which is located as in nature, it collects insects from the upper layers of water.
The fish has no antennae, the dorsal fin is in line with the anal fin.
Color bronze brown, with a bright strip passing through the axis of the body. On the tail there is a bright red spot, part of the tail is transparent. The abdomen is lighter, in contrast to the rest of the body, the fins are slightly veiled, also colored in raspberry red.
There are artificially derived colors, even albinos.
When the fry reach a length of 4-5 mm, a shiny silver-blue strip appears on their body, which disappears when reaching a length of 2-3 cm, that is, upon reaching puberty. Males are slimmer and more elongated than females, the differences between them are mild.
The nature of the aquarium fish active, mobile.
Cardinal (fish) – fish of the carp family, of the class Ray. The name got its due to the desire of easy money merchants, who hoped that it would be better sold for industrial purposes.
The Latin, classical specific name is more euphonic: “alba nubes”, which literally translates as “white clouds”. For the first time these fish were found in China.
cardinal fish photo
In Guangdong, China, in 1930, the leader of a pioneering movement named Tang Meng Yo made the first entries about cardinals. In the description, it was stated that this fish survives well in water with a low temperature, and, as it turned out later, aquarium conditions for it are also not a bad place. Later it was sold under different names, and the “cardinal” was not the only one.
Chinese danios, false neon, magnificent minnow – such names are often found on the market.
The fast south Chinese rivers are the natural habitat of the cardinals. Keeping and breeding them is available only in aquarium conditions, since they are almost wiped out in the wild. Since the 1980s, there has not been a single notification about the places of their population.
In China, this species was temporarily considered extinct. Miraculously, it turned out that a small school of fish was found in some Chinese and Vietnamese provinces.
All fish sold today are bred.
Cardinals are considered to be peaceful and non-aggressive aquarium dwellers, which are recommended to be kept in flocks of 6-8. They get along well with ternetii, red neon, rhodostomusami and danios. Basically, the cardinals are kept in the upper layer.
You should not have any difficulties with keeping aquarium fish. Prepare a small aquarium, based on the proportion of 30 liters of water per pack of up to 7 pieces.
Make it the water level centimeters 25.
Aquarium soil can be used in the form of river sand, which must be processed before being laid in the aquarium. It is also possible to use small pebbles as a substrate. It is also recommended planting aquarium plants, but not very thick.
As a rule, they put an elodea, a people, a hornpole or a vallisneria into an aquarium. The parameters of aquarium water in an aquarium with fish cardinals should be the following: hardness: 4-20, pH: 6.5-7.5, water temperature: 18-21 degrees.
The aquarium requires filtration and aeration of water, as well as weekly changes of up to 20%. Cardinals also like bright lighting, especially light is needed in the winter.
There is a cardinal live and dry food. Perfectly eats cyclops, bloodworm, dry daphnia.
In nature there is almost all the time small insects.
HUPPY ENDLER CONTENTS REPRODUCTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION VIDEO.
The cardinal aquarium fish is the only species in the genus. The fish belongs to the carp family, the genus Tanihtis, has a very narrow habitat.
Home of the Cardinal are fast mountain streams in the vicinity of Canton, South China. Usually individuals reach 3 cm, maximum length – 4 cm.
These nimble fishes are in active, continuous movement during the daytime. The cardinal feeds on small live food – crustaceans and larvae of aquatic insects.
For the first time in Europe, this species appeared in the late 30s in aquariums of exotic fish lovers.
Cardinals are very beautiful and, at the same time, unpretentious. The maintenance of cardinals does not cause difficulties even for beginning aquarists.
Aquarium fish cardinals can withstand temperature changes in the range of 6-7 ° C, can live in water at room temperature without heating. Cardinals can be kept in an aquarium with a volume of 20-30 liters in a small flock of 5-10 individuals.
They willingly feed on any kind of food, but prefer live moth and pipe worker.
Cardinal fishes have a simple but very attractive color. The pectoral fins are framed in black edging, the overall color of the fins is lemon-colored. The rest are partially painted red.
The lower part of the abdomen is colored silvery white, and the upper part is reddish brown. Young fish cardinals have a beautiful strip of emerald color throughout the length, in adults this strip is golden in color.
It is best to keep cardinals in a large aquarium thickly planted around the perimeter with aquatic plants with small leaves. In the aquarium should be enough space at the front glass for swimming.
Fishes can peacefully coexist with other small species, but for predators they become easy prey. Aeration, filtration and replacement of 30% of the volume of water in an aquarium every week is necessary for maintenance.
Aquarium fish cardinal – one of the most striking, eye-catching and beautiful. Contrary to expectations, it is not purple, like the capers of real cardinals.
The article tells about it, about how to maintain it, what to feed, what to do at the time of spawning.
The cardinal fish was brought to Europe from China in 1938. In nature, this representative of the carp prefers to dwell in mountain streams.
At the same time, the cardinal fish quickly got used to the aquarium content.
It has an extremely bright body color, beautiful fins. Males are somewhat different from females, as they look slimmer and brighter. Usually the cardinal fish has a slightly elongated body with bright longitudinal stripes.
The color of some species of these aquarium inhabitants has a flickering effect.
Aquarium fish, the cardinal liked European aquarists so much that very soon all kinds of species were bred. For example, the Banggai Cardinal Fish resembles a scalar in some way, while the cardinal (Tanichthys albonubes Lin Shuyen) resembles a hairy goldfish.
Content in an aquarium
These representatives of carp do not need special conditions, so it will not be difficult to maintain them. But it is worth remembering that they are accustomed to live in a flock, because in the aquarium you need to keep at least four individuals.
In this case, you can add cardinals in the aquarium to other fish.
Cardinals behave peacefully and friendly, do not interfere with other fish. But still it will be easier for them to get along with their neighbors, who also have a calm temperament.
Cardinal prefers to have a large space. Usually the fish is kept in the middle and upper layers of water.
It is not necessary to heat the water in the capacity for cardinals, but you need to make sure that the water temperature does not fall below 10 degrees.
A cardinal is a fish, the content of which does not cause any particular trouble to its owner even during the breeding season. She is not picky about food and is resistant to disease.
Although aware of some of the features of care and pay attention to her aquarist still obliged.
During the mating season, the males become brighter and begin to fight for the attention of the females. But do not worry, as this struggle is harmless and does not cause much harm to the fish.
For a person with experience, it will not be a difficult task to breed cardinals. This will require a spacious spawning plant, planted with plants, which should be located in a place protected from sunlight.
In order to speed up the process, you can reduce the usual water temperature by a few degrees. Typically, the water temperature in the spawning should reach 22 degrees.
Before spawning, you need to feed the male and the female well. For nutrition should choose natural feed.
To make the fish feel more comfortable, you should install a filter.
Females usually lay about 300 eggs on the leaves of aquarium plants. After a few days, the larvae appear from them.
Feed the little cardinals worth rotifers or ciliates. In this case, the parents will not touch their fry, so you can not rush to move them out of the spawning.
Cardinals are great aquarium fish that will bring little hassle, but at the same time will please their owners.
Fish cardinals in a home aquarium: features of care :: aquarium fish cardinals :: aquarium fish
Fish cardinals in the home aquarium: features of care
Fish cardinals are quite popular with aquarists, these individuals received their name because of the presence of red in color. This is the only type of fish that can easily withstand temperature extremes.
Before you get the cardinals, you need to familiarize yourself with the features of maintenance and care.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Cardinals are small-sized mobile fish (their length is up to four centimeters). The body of the cardinal is elongated and narrow, slightly flattened laterally. The sides are brown, the back is dark with a greenish tint, and the abdomen is silver in color.
On the sides there is a golden reflective strip, in young fish it has a turquoise hue. Gill fins of bright lemon color with black edging, anal fin red with transparent corners.
At the base of the tail is a black spot.
Keeping fish cardinals is not difficult even for novice aquarists. We just need to remember that this is a schooling fish, so you need to keep them for at least ten of them, samochki should prevail (no more than two or three males per pack). The shape of the aquarium should be rectangular and elongated, not less than sixty centimeters in length, since the fish are cardinals speed, they need a place for various maneuvers.
The capacity of the aquarium may be small, 30-40 liters.
The optimum water temperature for keeping these fish is 20-23 ° C, the acidity can vary between 6.5-7 pH. Cardinals are extremely demanding on the purity of the water, so it is recommended once a week to change the third part of the total.
It is important to avoid sudden changes in water temperature, otherwise the cardinals can get a fungal disease. Aeration of water and use of the filter are desirable.
Fish prefer bright lighting, put the aquarium in a place with natural and good light, in the evening you can use artificial lighting. The lush and dense vegetation in the aquarium is preferable, leave some of the space for maneuvering the fish. Cardinals prefer the following plant species: fern, lyudwigia, elodiea, myrofillum, limnophila.
As the soil can be used sand and pebbles. Keep the fish in the aquarium, closed the lid.
Cardinals are unpretentious in the diet, almost omnivorous. It is with great pleasure that they eat canned, dry and live food: moth, pipemaker, daphnia, koretra.
If you feed the fish with live food, the cardinals develop much faster, their color becomes brighter.
Breeding cardinals is not particularly difficult, fish can breed in the aquarium and spawning. To do this, fill the spawn with water (up to twenty liters), put there several bushes of plants, a couple of fish, a spray. Feed the fish with live food for two weeks.
Females lay thirty eggs a day. With the advent of fry, move the fish-producers to another aquarium, and feed the fry in the spawning area.
Starter feed: pounded egg yolk, short haul, cyclops nauplii, live dust, ciliates.
Cardinals are very peaceful, they get along well with fish of similar temperament, small sizes: neons, guppies, fiery barbs, danios rerio. The life span of the cardinal fish is about two years.