maintenance, care, compatibility
Ternesia: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
In addition to the terns with a natural color – silver-black, in my lifetime I met a selection veil shape and color variants of gold (white) and pink (caramel) ternets. Here they are in the photo.
Veil Throne Gold Thistle
And of course, the well-known trend of Glo-fish has not bypassed these fish for many.
Glofish – These are genetically modified fluorescent fish.
The first fish that have been mutated is Danio rerio. As a result of experiments received fish with red, green and orange fluorescent color, which becomes brighter and more intense with ultraviolet light.
In 2011 genome-modified ternation was derived
A bit of history:
Europe, thorns appeared in 1933, and were introduced to Russia in 1946.
Described by the Belgian-British zoologist and ichthyologist George Albert Boulinger (Boulenger) in 1895.
Thorns is a popular aquarium fish. It is beautiful, durable and undemanding, and therefore suitable for beginners. Fish are often recommended to be settled in a common aquarium.
But does termination get along with everyone? Maintenance and care, nutrition, breeding, compatibility – in this article you will learn all about this fish.
Aquarium terntions are schooling fish and must live in a group of seven individuals. They love thick thickets of plants, but there should be free space in the aquarium for swimming.
In nature, ternation live in small rivers, streams and tributaries in South America. They inhabit the upper layers of water and feed on fallen insects.
For sale the fish are bred on the farm. They live 3-5 years.
How large does the terns grow? The maintenance and care of this fish is simple, because it has a fairly modest size – up to 5.5 cm.
These crumbs look very impressive in the aquarium. Body diamond-shaped, flattened laterally.
There are two black stripes along the body, the anal and dorsal fins are large. The black anal fin in females resembles an elegant skirt.
There are several types of terns: classical, voilean, albino and gold. Of particular interest is the product brand GloFish – genetically modified fluorescent fish.
These artificially bred pets have a bright color, which under the influence of ultraviolet light becomes even brighter. There are red, pink, blue, green, yellow and orange forms.
Color is inherited.
Red color to the terntions is given by the red coral DNA fragments. They become green due to the presence of jellyfish DNA fragments. Yellow (orange) color gives a combination of jellyfish and coral genes.
How beautiful is transgenic thorns? Photos show that such fish look, at least, unusual.
Recently, “caramels” have become popular – these are artificially colored fish. They can be bright pink, blue, green, orange.
Bright coloring is given by injection of the dye. Over time, it fades and becomes paler. Such fish are somewhat weaker and more vulnerable than their classic relatives.
They live less and get sick more often. Coloring is not inherited.
For a beginner, normal or genetically modified ternation will be more suitable.
Ternetsii unpretentious and undemanding fish. They don’t need a huge aquarium.
It is enough to adhere to a simple rule – about 10 liters of water should fall on one fish. That is, a school of 10-12 individuals will feel at ease in a 100-liter aquarium.
Comfortable water temperature – 22-24 degrees. The transgenic form needs a higher temperature – about 28 degrees. Hardness is not more than 18, the level of acidity is 6.5-7.5 pH.
Since they prefer shady water in nature, plants should be planted in an aquarium to create natural shelters.
Filtration and aeration required. Every week you need to do a water change and cleaning the soil. In the aquarium there should be enough space for swimming, planting it too much is not necessary.
On which background does termination look better? Photos show that the classic dark fish will look good on a background of light soil, and multi-colored – on a background of dark.
The aquarium can be decorated with stones, snags, grottoes.
What is the character of termination? The maintenance and care of fish depend on its temperament.
As mentioned above, thorns are schooling fish. So, living in solitude brings them suffering. In the company of fish calm and peaceful.
But, left alone, they become nervous and aggressive.
The flock can be kept with other types of fish. Ternets active, mobile fish.
They can be divided into several groups and conflict with each other. In a spacious aquarium, they keep in the upper and middle layers of water, they float freely.
In a small container, with overpopulation and stress, they hide in the thickets of plants, swimming only for food.
What dietary habits does ternation have? The fish is omnivorous and not prone to overeating.
Ternetsia eagerly eat dry food, but especially love live and frozen food – daphnia, koretra, cyclop, artemia.
If you feed the fish with a small bloodworm, be sure to use the feeder. In nature, they seize insects in the upper and middle layers of water, so the mouth is anatomically arranged to raise food from the bottom simply uncomfortable.
Health and longevity of beauties largely depends on nutrition. It should be balanced and diverse.
Do not feed the fish alone with flakes and granules. Be sure to include in the diet of live food.
By the nature of the ternation, they are considered to be peaceful fish, but this is true only if they live in a large flock and in an appropriately sized aquarium. Who can a ternsya get on with?
Compatibility with peaceful fish – gouras, scalars, discus, lyalius, mollies, swordtails, guppies, neons, gambuzins, rasobrami, peaceful catfish.
It is impossible to keep in the same container with the tail cap, barbs, cichlids and other aggressive fish. Ternets will attack the slow-moving veils and tear off their fins.
If ternations are contained in small groups (for example, only 2-3 individuals in an aquarium populated by other species) or in an overpopulated aquarium, they can become aggressive and literally start to terrorize other smaller and calmer fish.
At 8 months of age, terntions that have reached a size of 3-5 cm are capable of reproduction. Smaller or larger fish are not allowed to breed.
The spawning aquarium of 50 liters is filled with water at a level of 5 cm. Moss is put on the bottom. The temperature is set at the level of 24-26 degrees.
Need a good aeration.
Three days later, one pair of producers is placed in the spawning tank. They need to be strongly fed with live food, preventing its remains from settling at the bottom.
In 3-6 days spawning begins. The female will produce about 1000 eggs in small portions.
After spawning, the parents are immediately removed.
The water temperature rises to 28 degrees. After a day the larvae come out, after 3 days they begin to swim.
Juveniles feed lively dust. As the fry grows, they are sorted, since the terns are prone to cannibalism.
Thorns is a beautiful, bright and easy-to-care fish. Both classic and color form can decorate any aquarium.
Even unusual glowing colored individuals do not require any special conditions and live long enough.
Ternesia is a well-known fish among aquarists. Thermal, with a peaceful character. Currently, its popularity, unfortunately, has declined slightly.
This fish has a flat and high body, something resembling a rhombus, strongly flattened on both sides. Thorns can grow up to 6 cm in height in natural conditions, in aquariums, as a rule, they are smaller in size. They live with good care for about 4 years, in nature – less, because they are attacked by other fish.
The tail fin resembles a fork, the ventral is similar in appearance to a fan for women. It is curious that young thorns have a richer body color than individuals of old age.
At home, aquarium fish feeds on virtually any food, which is very good for novice aquarists. It can easily be contained in aquarium of different shapes. It is undesirable to let the ternsii into the reservoir, where aquarium fishes with veil fins are already swimming, in order to avoid collisions between individuals.
In the photo, the terns swim in the aquarium alone or with fish similar to them.
This fish has several possible color options:
- Classical. Silver body with two vertical stripes.
- Veil aquarium fish. This species was first bred in European countries. Not often found on sale. The photo is not much different from the classic terntion, the only thing that is difficult to breed.
- Albumin ternetia It is extremely rare, different white, transparent color.
- The most fashionable of this type is termination caramel. It is an artificially bred variety. Why so popular? Thanks to its unusual multicolored artificial color. Difficult to maintain, as derived by chemistry. Mainly imported from Vietnam, where their reproduction is put on stream.
Curing can be kept in any tank with water, however, it is desirable to place it in a large volume aquarium. In the photo from the galleries with fish, they are all contained in large water pools.
The temperature of the water can be kept around 23 degrees Celsius, and the acidity – 5-7 pH.
Care for aquatic creatures is quite simple. They have a peaceful disposition, neighbors in the aquarium do not affect the ability of this fish to breed.
It is not worthwhile to push only very small fish to it, since the terns may grab them by the fins.
You can feed the classic fish food sold in all pet stores. It is inexpensive, enough for a long time. For adults, ternations, besides dry food, can be given live, vegetable and mixed feed.
Young individuals – infosoria, and the fry – dry milk, which they willingly eat.
Ternesia is a fish from the family of haracins from the South American continent, also known as “black tetra” or “mourning tetra”. This fish has become popular all over the world due to its subtle beauty and fertility.
Compatibility with a large assortment of fish in the aquarium and simple breeding are also the reason for its wide celebrity.
Scientific experiments conducted on ternenii, served to the removal of genetically modified individuals that can shine under ultraviolet light. Fragments of jellyfish or red coral DNA were inserted into their DNA, as a result of which their color became multi-colored.
These types include termination caramel or multicolor. Coloring injections are given to albino fish forms, giving them bright iridescent shades of gold, pink, green or blue.
Multicolor termination is capable of breeding quite healthy offspring, like other transgenic forms of these fish.
Ternesia looks very effective. The body shape is flat and rhomboid, flattened on the sides.
On the back there are 2 fins, one of which is fat and does not have hard rays. The anal fin is fork-like, and the ventral stretches to the very tail, resembling a fan or skirt.
In size, aquarium fish reaches 4-6 cm.
Looking at this fish, it seems that it is painted with magic silver colors with a greenish shimmer on the back, and 3 transverse stripes are painted against the background of the body. One band crosses the eye, which has a yellow iris, the second is located behind the gill cover, and the third passes from the edge of the dorsal fin to half of the body.
Young individuals are painted more brightly in silver color, and in adults there are clearly pronounced dark stripes. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, the edge of the tail fin is outlined with white edging. Terrestinia can change color when frightened or the deterioration of their conditions of detention.
The life of a black tetra is 3-4 years.
Thorns is a peace-loving and schooling fish, unable to bear the loneliness, from which it becomes aggressive. The content of ternation is not particularly difficult.
It is recommended to keep fish in a closed aquarium of 30-40 liters for 5-7 termination. For soil suitable river sand, pebbles and fine gravel.
The darker the substrate, the brighter the fish will look on its background.
Plants should not block the space, so it is better to choose small-leaved, planting them bushes. A good combination will be with Javanese moss, Echinodorus, hygrophilic, cryptocoryne. Water temperature is 21-24 ° С, hardness is 7-8 °, acidity is 6.5-7, filtration is important.
The lighting should be dim, otherwise the black tetra will look pale. The fish is sensitive to lack of oxygen, therefore, artificial aeration and water replacement 1/5 part weekly is necessary.
Because of the special physical structure of the mouth, it is difficult for small fish to take food from the bottom, so a special feeder is installed for them. These fish are unpretentious in food, they feed on any food, vegetable, combined, dry food will be suitable for adult fish.
Cyclops, daphnia, rotifers, pipe creeper, small bloodworm, and corret are suitable as live food.
Ternets float on all water levels and are very mobile. In a spacious container it is kept on the territory without thickets, and in a small aquarium it takes shelter in plants.
For decoration snags, stones and caves are appropriate.
Minor (lat. Hyphessobrycon serpae) or serpas is a beautiful fish that looks like a small and mobile flame in an aquarium.
And it’s impossible to take your eyes off the beak minor. The body is large, red, black spot immediately behind the gill cover, giving them a very noticeable appearance.
In addition, the minors are very attractive, they are also unpretentious, like many types of tetras. Keep them in a flock, from 6 individuals, with other fish suitable in size and activity.
The disadvantages include a somewhat hooligan nature, they can stalk and cut off fins to slow or veil fish.
Minor aquarium fish are considered good fishes for common aquariums, but this is not the case. Only if they live with large and fast fish.
Fishes that are smaller than them will be the object of persecution and terror. The same can be said about slow fish with large fins.
For example, cockerels or scalar. They will be constantly tugging at the fins until the fish gets sick or dies.
Good neighbors for them will be: danios, black neons, barbs, akantoftalmusy, antsistrusy.
In a group, the character of a minor is somewhat softened, since the hierarchy is built and attention is shifted to relatives. In this case, the males are satisfied with the view that they are fighting with each other, but do not hurt each other.
Aquarium with a bunch of veil serpasov: