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Breeds of aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.

Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.

Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish

COMET

Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.

By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name aquarium fish-COMET

Ancistrus

Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.

Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.

They are also known for eating algae and snails.

HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8

Corridor

Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom.

As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.

CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes.

These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.

Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.

It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7

VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish

DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish.

Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature.

If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6

DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright.

This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.

Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5

GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish

COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ.

The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.

Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8

COCK –Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family.

Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. Get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm.

It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime.

Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7

GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.

Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO—Name of aquarium fish

Telescope

Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.

Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.

The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish

Pecilia

Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.

Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish

Macropod

Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.

It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish

NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.

It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals.

Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium.

This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon.

And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5

SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish

Tetra

The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

TETRA—Name of aquarium fish

Ternesia

Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.

The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish

Iridescents

The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species.

All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual.

Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.

Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5

ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In the aquarium it grows up to 40 cm.

In the daytime, mostly hiding. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.

An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5

FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish

SPECIES AND BREEDS GUPPI

The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.

Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of species and breeds GUPPI help you figure out who is swimming in your aquarium.

GUPI Poecilia reticulata

Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).

Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° С.

Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.

Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.

In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.

The goldfish becomes mature at the age of 1 year, but if you plan to cross breeds, it is better to wait until it reaches a more mature age (4-5 years). In the wild, Karasiki spawns in the middle of spring. The readiness for spawning is determined by external signs: in the area of ​​gill covers hillocks appear of a light shade, the pectoral fins are characterized by small notches.

These features of appearance are peculiar to both males and females. The abdomen of females is rounded and increases in size.

The male begins to pursue the female, drives her into shallow water with dense vegetation. Therefore, simulating reproduction in the natural environment, the water level in the spawning tank is reduced to 15-20 cm. For a spawning aquarium, a capacity of 50-100 liters with aeration and good lighting is suitable.

In spawning you need to put a separator grid so that manufacturers do not eat fallen eggs. Planting of dense vegetation is allowed.

Spawning lasts 2-5 hours, after the process, the male and the female need to be deposited.

Look at the spawning goldfish.

In one year, goldfish can breed 2-3 times. Larvae of fry appear 2-6 days after fertilization, which depends on the temperature of the aquatic environment. The lighting speeds up the ripening process, and the shade stops.

In the first days of life, the larvae are almost stationary, fixed on aquatic plants, and eat up the contents of the yolk sac. After its exhaustion, the fry begin to swim independently in search of food.

Starter feed – Artemia nauplii, live dust, rotifers, special fry food. When the fry grow up, they need to be sorted by size, and settled in different tanks.

Tellingly, the descendants of beautiful parents may turn out to be plain and vice versa.

For two thousand years of breeding production, goldfish became the real queen of aquariums, since various breeds were bred in Japan, China and other countries of the world. Nowadays, there are several dozen breeds that differ in external characteristics. They are full of different shapes, colors, variations of fins.

There are two species of breeds that are distinguished by body symmetry: long-bodied goldfish and short-length goldfish.

The goldfish ordinary – practically does not differ from its ancestor. The color of the scales is golden, the body is elongated, the fins are golden, translucent.

Butterfly fish – aquarium fish of unusual appearance. The color of the body is metallic, the tail fin is forked, resembles butterfly wings.

The eyeballs are large, so the butterflies are kept in tanks without decorations.

Fantails are popular aquarium fishes that do not differ in color from ordinary goldfish. The tail fin has two blades that are raised up.

When a fish opens its tail, it resembles a lady’s fan.

Vualekhvosty – have egg-shaped symmetry of the body, the color of the scales is white with colored patches, meet other variations of color. All fins are long, tail forked, stubby structure, divided into several parts.

Pearl, or tinsbrin – a breed of unique appearance: the body is short, has the shape of a bubble. All scales have the similarity of bloated, individually taken “pearls”.

Lionhead – different swollen and short symmetry of the body, on the head there are growths that resemble the lion’s mane.

Oranda – has a short, swollen body. The color of the scales is golden, the fins are thin, void-like.

On the head, between the eyes are visible massive growths.

Ranchu – different body egg shape, body size is short. All fins are short, small growths can be seen on the head.

Ryukin – this breed is bred in Japan. The body is short, spherical, on the back there is a curvature in the form of a massive hump.

The color of the scales is golden.

Telescopes – aquarium fish with large, bulging eyes. Color scales dark, fins long.

It is recommended to keep in an aquarium without decorations and sharp corners.

Shubunkin – in the form of the body does not differ from an ordinary goldfish, but the body has a motley color, the scales are transparent.

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