maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppies are very popular ornamental fish, and many novice aquarists first give birth to them. But before that it would be good to study not only the conditions of detention, but also how guppies give birth. The fact is that their reproduction has its own characteristics, although it does not represent any particular complexity.
How to act in such cases and how to save offspring? And is it necessary to save it at all?
Let’s try to figure it out.
These ornamental carp reach sexual maturity from about four months of age and are then ready for breeding. An interesting feature: at an elevated temperature of the aquatic environment (+ 30 °), maturity begins with three months.
Reproduction can occur both in the general aquarium and in a special spawning ground. Even a three-liter jar is suitable for this, as ornamental fish are unpretentious, and the couple will be able to give offspring even in such Spartan conditions.
In principle, the type of tank is not so important, the main thing is to perform a number of activities to create optimal conditions for the reproduction of offspring: the appropriate temperature and the presence of green vegetation (Javanese moss, for example), in which future fry will find their shelter.
Most experts are unanimous on the question of how to provoke the reproduction of guppies: this is an increase in temperature in the aquarium by 3-4 degrees and the replacement of about 1/3 of the water in the spawning (or general) aquarium. Naturally, the water must be separated.
However, some professional aquarists insist that such provocation is needed only in a strictly defined case, when the guppy is difficult and premature.
When the male begins to chase the female, snuggle up to her from the side or bottom, mating begins. There is an important feature: if the fish are in the total volume, then you need to ensure that there are not too many males.
They can drive a female to a state of complete exhaustion, there have even been cases of death of females in such conditions. Therefore, the ideal option – a couple of individuals.
The male fertilizes the female with the help of a special sexual organ, which has the scientific name of gonopodia. At its core, this is a modified section of the fin in the form of several tubules, which only adult males have.
First of all, it must be borne in mind that these beautiful fish are viviparous, that is, they do not lay eggs or larvae, but give birth, producing offspring ready for life.
The duration of gestation of the female is from 28 to 40 days. It is established that it depends on the number of fry that she bears.
In its appearance, a pregnant guppy is distinguished from a common fish community. First, it forms a rounded belly, in the section of which it bears eggs, and then the belly becomes rectangular with a black area below.
This form of the abdomen suggests that a pregnant female guppy will soon give birth.
Important clarification: during this period, it is impossible to change the conditions of keeping fish, as a pregnant guppy is very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations, water quality, and light intensity before giving birth. Calmness of the female is the key to successful spawning.
Of all the aquarium fish, guppi is considered the most unpretentious. Guppy fish do not create a lot of trouble in the care and reproduction. However, there are some subtleties in such a simple matter as the reproduction of guppies.
Here the temperature and nutrition of the fish are very important factors. Let’s talk about what you should pay attention when breeding guppies at home.
Guppies are viviparous fishes. This means that they do not spawn, and live, quite independent fry are born. Immediately after birth, they actively swim and eat ciliates and small cyclops.
At 2.5-3 months, the fry become adults, and sexually mature at 3.5-5 months. Healthy females in good conditions fry the whole year every 20-40 days.
Young females toss from 10 fry, with age, this number grows to 100.
Here are some tips to achieve this result.
- Place a large number of plants in the aquarium.
- Reduce the water temperature by 2 degrees, this will cause guppy to multiply.
- Change the water more often. In pure water, fish breed better.
- Include guppy live food.
- Provide enough space for the fish. For a pair of guppies, it is 2-4 liters.
Salty water has a beneficial effect on the development and reproduction of guppies. To do this, dissolve salt in a separate container at the rate of 0.5 g / l of spawning water, then slowly pour in the resulting solution, stirring the water in the aquarium.
Also note that prolonged illumination of the aquarium (12 or more hours per day) can lead not only to discoloration of males, but also to infertility of females.
Do not forget that guppies are thermophilic fish. A temperature of 20 degrees can lead to diseases, which naturally affects reproduction.
Also it is necessary to take into account that male guppies live 2.5-3 years, females 3.5-4, but stop breeding 1-1.5 years earlier.
One of the easiest fish to breed is homemade guppies; they very easily breed in home aquariums. The fact is that they are viviparous, that is, the female bears her calf in her stomach, and a fully formed whitebait is already emerging.
The first hours he will lie down and hide, but very soon he will begin to swim and eat.
To breed guppies you need … a male and a female. Even not so, one young and active male will be enough to care for 3-5 females without getting tired. That is, for successful breeding it is possible to contain one male for 3-5 females.
It is possible and more males, as males do not fight with each other, but only compete. You will see how the male tirelessly pursues the female, but this is normal and nothing needs to be done about it.
The fact is that during such harassment, he fertilizes the female and soon you will have fry.
What do you need for guppies to breed? Fresh and clean water, good and abundant feeding and a pair of heterosexual fish. As a rule, guppies are quite successfully divorced in the general aquarium.
But, they also eat their fry, and the neighbors, if they eat will help. This means that pregnant females should be planted in a separate aquarium.
How to understand that you have a pregnant guppy? In a pregnant female, the spot near the anus begins to darken, this is already visible to the eyes of the growing fry, and the darker it is, the sooner she will give birth.
Set mummy in a separate aquarium, with the same water and thickets of plants, where the fry can hide from her (yes, she can eat her children). When the time comes (maybe up to a month if you hurry to drop it off), she has no problem giving birth.
A female with a dark spot – soon!
Immediately after giving birth, the female must be besieged. Taking care of guppy fry is quite simple, as well as about parents. What to feed the guppy fry?
You can feed them finely branded flakes (which you feed your parents), but better with dried egg or branded fry feeds. Note that there is such a relic of the past as dry food.
It is dried daphnia and cyclop, it can still be found on sale. So, feeding this rubbish guppy fry is strictly not recommended. Nutrition there is slightly higher than zero, in fact it is an analogue of taranka.
Will you grow up much if you eat one taranka? The same can be said for adult fish.
It is necessary to regularly clean them so that the rest of the food will not spoil the water. You can also run snails in this tank, such as an ampoule or coil.
They do not touch the fry, and the rest of the food will be eaten.
How the fry is born:
It is important that the water was clean, but it is impossible to change a lot and immediately, since the fry are still weak and a large water change is dangerous for them. The easiest way is to change the order of 10% of water once a day or two, or 25% once a week.
Water temperature for guppy fry is very important, and you need to keep it at the level of 24-26.5С.
With proper care and feeding, guppy fry grow quickly and within a month and a half they begin to stain.
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty.
The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females.
Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed. Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins. The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally.
The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak.
In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.
Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs. Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium.
In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males.
Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third). Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce.
The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions.
After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it).
Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen. As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female.
I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere. By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength.
Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.