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Breeding goldfish

maintenance, care, compatibility

Reproduction and breeding of goldfish

in aquarium

Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China.

Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.

Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.

So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!


Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.

However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.


One aquarium will not get off!

Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers. All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters.

However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.

Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees.

The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.

Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.

Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size.

Especially females – the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out. And vice versa – small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium – on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid.

Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called “saw” on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout, their body is bent.

For more information, see: HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF A GOLDEN FISH: A male and a female!

A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female’s readiness for reproduction.

Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.

Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar.

In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.

If the courtship of the males began earlier than March – April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).

The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males – they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.

Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.

The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs.

In the “home” spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously – year-round. However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.

Photo Caviar Goldfish

Caviar ejection occurs gradually. – the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or the walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize – watering the eggs with milt.

Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.

Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.

Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.

The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius – the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.

On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems.

It is very important not to kill the young. At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with – live larvae do not tolerate “dirt” and can get sick.

Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.

After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust.

The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions – little by little but often.

photo larva Golden Fish
1 day

We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.

JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.

It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm.

Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids.

After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently.

Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number.

Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.


Photo spawning hotbed for goldfish

Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc.

In the end, get pedigree goldfish.

Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it.

With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring “bastards”, but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into a silver carp.

At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months. To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that “sunbathing” light should be diffused.

In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps. It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.

Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.

Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration.

Constantly monitor the population – do not forget to settle as they grow.

When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).

photo whitebait goldfish
1 month However, this will lead to degeneration and out-of-proportion scrofula.

Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:

– one year old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.

– Aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).

– aquarium soft-leaf plants;

– of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;

– feed for fry;

– improvised aquarium equipment;

If you still have questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, HERE!

Video about breeding, breeding, spawning and young goldfish

Many people know about the goldfish only from the fairytale of the same name, and there are those who have already become the happy owner of the underwater beauty. There is a huge number of varieties of goldfish, most often they differ in color – gold can be red, pale pink and even black and blue.

They have beautiful fins, and these fish often become the main decoration of the aquarium.

Breeding and maintenance of goldfish. Goldfish Care

The best option would be to purchase an aquarium of 100 liters for two goldfish. In this case, they will be where to swim, and they will be able to grow to its maximum size.

In order not to hurt the main decoration of a goldfish – a veil fin, choose an aquarium with a length of at least one meter and a width of at least 30 cm.

Dear reader! This article is a team of all the articles on our site.

We also tried to supplement the article with the nuances of maintaining and caring for goldfish in an aquarium.
Why do you need such an article? Everything is very simple.

Many beginners in the aquarium world do not know how to contain them, make gross mistakes, as a result of which in a month the goldfish at best fall ill with fin rot and at worst pop up with the belly up.

For example, often on our forum, and on the Internet as a whole, they ask the question – why does my goldfish swim sideways or belly up? When you start to understand, look for the cause of this disease and ask questions to the owner. the answer is by itself and literally lies on the surface of the water.
Many do not know, forget, or do not want to know that feeding fish should be balanced, that is, in their diet should include dry food, and live and vegetable. Goldfish are gluttonous, prone to overeating, so the question of balance in the diet for them as for anyone is relevant.

As for the aforementioned question, the answer is simple – in the process of eating dry food, goldfish swallow air with food. If you feed them only dry food, fish, due to excess air in the food system, begin to float belly up.

The problem is solved elementary – the fish are transferred to the correct, full-fledged feeding and after 3-4 days the goldfish begin to swim normally.
Alas, such examples are mass and it is impossible to highlight everything. But, we still try to do it, by centralizing all the information about goldfish.

We will try to focus on the most important points of the content of gold aquarium fish.

Goldfish: description, types, highlights

Telescope – goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-25 C.

Ph: 5.0-8.0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”.

So, this is not true. He himself repeatedly wound up such fish … there is no dirt – I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks.

So, do not be scared of sellers tales. Fish look very nice in the aquarium.

And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.

Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.

The body is ovoid, the fins are long, anal and caudal forked.

There are two types of telescopes:

– Scaleless: one-colored and pied print;

The color of the telescope is variable: red, orange, calico, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.

The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 18-25 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish.

The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.

Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of non-eaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied.

This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo fish telescope


Interesting video about telescopes

Oranda – goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 20-22 C.

Ph: 5.0-8.0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (ternii, speckled catfish, etc.), but it is better to keep in the species aquarium.

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the “Golden Fish” nibbled and left a lot of “Kakul”. So, this is not true.

He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them … there is no dirt – I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be scared of sellers tales.

Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of “kakulyami”, bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmus cules) and other aquarium orderlies.

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation – do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called “Goldfish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.

Orana differs from other goldfish – with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many “Goldfish” ovoid, swollen.

In general, similar to the veiltail.

There are numerous variations of the color of orange: calico, chocolate, red and red and white, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding – the key to success is the balance of the feed.

Fish subject to intestinal diseases.

For the maintenance of orande need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish – barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 20-22 C, aquarium water hardness 6-18, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.

Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.

Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.

Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

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