Botsiya clown (Chromobotia macracanthus) – freshwater fish of the family of wels. The only representative of the genus Cromobotia Kottelat. Lives in natural flowing waters of Indonesia.
Part of the year, the period of spawning, spends in shallow streams. The object of fishing and fish farming.
Europeans are known from the middle of the XIX century. Aquarists contain from the 30s of the last century.
Fish with a bright color and lively character. The age of combat in rare cases exceeds 20 years.
Leads daytime lifestyle, which is not typical for members of the genus Botia.
The body is elongated, compressed in cross section. The back is rounded, the belly is straight. The scales are small, vulnerable.
In nature, it grows up to 35–45 cm, aquarium fish fights clown – 18–25 cm.
Name received for body color: golden with a red tint with three black or dark gray transverse stripes. The head dark line covers the eyes, the back – part of the dorsal and anal fins.
In Western countries, it is called the “tiger loach” (Tiger Loach).
The dorsal and anal fins are triangular. The tail fin is forked.
The fins of the clown’s battle continue the color of the body, but with a red tinge. In adults, body colors and fins lose their saturation.
The mouth is small, with four pairs of antennae to search for prey and orientation in muddy water. Under the eyes are hidden spikes.
Clown fighting fish is active in the afternoon, curious. Loves hiding places in plants, hiding places of grottoes of rocks.
Lifestyle – bottom, but jumps out of the aquarium. Undermines aquarium equipment.
Resting on the side, back, upright.
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Eats aquarium mollusks. With a lack of plant food eats plants.
When frightened and during the meal with a characteristic click expose the spikes. In a stressful situation, the color turns pale, the fish pretends to be dead.
Longevity, live 15-20 years.
The clown does not belong to the Botia genus, it is distinguished by a bottom lifestyle. The structure of the body and fins, the presence of four pairs of whiskers, spikes for defense against large fish. Botsies are nocturnal, food is collected at the bottom.
School, but like shelters. Not aggressive.
With fine scales and easily traumatized skin.
They eat mollusks and plants. Omnivorous, in need of plant food.
The following is a brief description of common species in aquariums.
English names: mouse loach (Mouse Loach), cream loach (Cream Loach). In the aquarium the length is 8–10 cm.
Color light brown with dark divorces. Characteristic black or dark–gray line on the back from the upper lip to the tail. In front of the caudal fin, the mark passes into a circular vertical line.
The fins are transparent, sometimes with a yellow or orange tint. Tail – with dark spots.
With age, color does not change.
In the aquarium lives 6-8 years.
She is Berdmore’s battle, Burmese, tiger. In an aquarium it grows up to 18–20 cm. The body color is yellowish, with black or dark gray vertical stripes and spots.
The fins are reddish with dark spots.
In another way, the Bengali battle, Geto. Size – 12-14 cm. The body is gray-black, with golden vertical stripes.
Fins transparent, caudal – with black spots.
Life expectancy is 8–12 years.
Otherwise, silver loach. It grows up to 15 cm in length.
Color depends on the habitat. Changes from silver to gray-blue.
There is a dark ring in front of the tail fin. The fins are transparent or with a yellow, orange tint.
In the aquarium lives 8–9 years.
Bots Striat Striped. In an aquarium it grows up to 8–9 cm. The coloring consists of alternating golden and dark gray or pale brown transverse stripes.
Feature – red lips. The color of the fins corresponds to the background of the body.
Life expectancy is 10–12 years.
Botsii mesh, hummingbirds. In length to 4–5 cm. The body is dark gray, black with ordered silver spots.
Belly light. The fins are transparent.
Or modest fight. The length in the aquarium is 14–15 cm.
The color of the body is gray with a blue or green tint. The fins are yellow or orange.
Life expectancy is 10–12 years.
Same as fighting clown.
She is a chess battle. Length – 10–12 cm.
The main color is dark gray with a purple tint with light spots. The color of the fins duplicates the coloring of the body.
Long-rifled, double-webbing. Grows up to 8–10 cm. Color is light gray with dark patterns.
Fins transparent, dorsal and caudal – with dark spots.
Life expectancy is 7–9 years.
Or Assia battion. They grow up to 10–12 cm. The main color background is silver.
With black-brown curly stripes in the form of Y or 8ki. Fins are colorless, with dark spots.
It is a marble, lohakata battle, in English Pakistani loach (Pakistani loach), YoYo loach. Adults individuals 10–15 cm long.
The body is painted in a light silver color with dark patterns. Fins – in body color.
In the aquarium lives 6-8 years.
The imperial battle. In length up to 12-14 cm.
Coloring: gray, black patterns on a yellow background. Fins in body color.
It is customary to contain a clown’s combat as part of a bevy of 3-5 fish and more. Objects in the aquarium and the ground should not have sharp fragments: the delicate skin of the fish is easily scratched.
Good filtration and aeration, weekly water changes are needed.
- The volume of aquarium for one clown – from 150 liters.
- For a flock of three individuals – from 250 liters.
- Five fish and more – from 400 liters.
- Water temperature: 24–29 ° C.
- Stiffness: 1–5 ° W.
- Acidity: pH 6-7.
To maintain the quality of the water weekly replace the spaced from a quarter to a third of the volume. Siphon, do not allow dirt to accumulate at the bottom.
Clowns eat plants with a lack of plant food. But plants maintain biological balance in an aquarium, absorb nitrates dangerous for fish. Choose stiff leaves Anubias and cryptocorynes, ferns.
Roots protect pots and large stones.
The hard-leaved ones grow slowly, and the leaves overgrow with algae. But algae clowns are happy to eat.
From excessive light, clowns hide in shelters. Regulate the light will help plants floating on the surface: riccia, salvinia, duckweed.
The clown’s most vulnerable place for injuries is the antennae. Choose rounded small pebbles, sandy substrate.
Place artificial shelters in the aquarium:
- ceramic and plastic rings;
- massive stones;
Design items should not have sharp elements. Clown skin is not resistant to injury.
- For aquariums with a capacity of 150 liters, choose an external filter. Taking into account the tendency of clowns to nitrate poisoning – with the bio component. Performance is calculated at the rate of pumping 5–6 volumes of the aquarium per hour.
- The compressor and the sprayer are designed to create the currents familiar to clowns and to saturate the water with oxygen. Performance, choose at the rate of 1 liter of air per hour per 1 liter of water.
- Siphon for removal from the bottom of food debris and feces of inhabitants.
- Heater with thermostat. Convenient submersible with a horizontal arrangement at the bottom. No need to turn off when changing water. Power: 1 W per 1 liter of water.
- Scraper for removing algae from the walls of the aquarium.
- Lid is required. Clowns tend to jump out of the tank.
Scattered light output of 30–40 lumens per liter of water. Focus on energy-saving and cold lamps: LED, fluorescent.
Botsiya clown omnivorous. He eats what he finds on the bottom and fits the size. In the diet, provide 40% of vegetable feed.
Otherwise, eat plants. Monotonous nutrition threatens obesity.
- nutrients and vitamins in their natural form;
- does not pollute the aquarium environment;
- movable, is of interest.
- fodder caught in natural water bodies is dangerous by the introduction of infections, parasites, and the content of toxins.
Bloodworm – the larva of the dergun mosquito. Rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins.
Clown fits the bottom way of life.
The Tube Tub is a small-necked worm, a bottom dweller of silted and polluted standing water bodies. It is buried in the ground. Extracted in nature is especially dangerous due to the consumption of organic waste.
Food high-calorie, for a constant diet unsuitable.
The earthworm is a land relative of the shredder. A live feed is considered conditional, since it does not live under water for a considerable time.
The risk of contamination of the aquarium is less, the poisoning of the fish is the same.
Malkov feed “live dust.” Naupliya, the larva of Artemia, is bred at home.
Harm fish will not cause.
- during high-speed freezing, all the nutrients of live food are retained;
- safe in terms of infection and parasites;
- long-term storage;
- wide range of.
- uncleaned residues pollute the water;
- impossible to monitor compliance with the rules of storage.
Thaw and rinse food before feeding. Repeated freezing is not allowed.
- use of automatic feeders;
- contains the necessary components;
- do not require training.
For clowns it is preferable in the form of sinking tablets. Vegetable food – tablets with spirulina.
Blanched vegetables: cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin, greens.
For fry – phytoplankton, grown at home.
- Minced fish
- Shrimp meat.
- Hard-boiled egg yolk.
Feed 1-2 times a day. Do not overfeed. Considered sufficient amount of food eaten in 5 minutes.
Once a week – fasting day.
Botsiya clown is compatible with other fish. The exception is astronotus because of its rapacity and aggressiveness. Conditionally compatible with slow slaves.
Sluggers feel discomfort. Chiplet fins at the tail fish.
Eats fry, small fish and shrimp.
Breeding fights at home is difficult. Requires spawning aquarium, hormonal injections.
Noticeable at puberty (from 5 years). The female has a convex abdomen.
Pectoral fins are less developed.
Equip a spawning aquarium with an established biological balance and a strong current. If there is not enough flow from the external filter, add a pump.
Volume – from 300 liters. Water temperature is 30–32 ° C.
Snags, smooth stones are required.
The female is given a hormonal injection.
In the aquarium, transfer the female and 3-4 males. At the end of the spawning batts otsadite.
Remove unfertilized white caviar. Fertilized colorless.
Fry are hatching after 17–20 hours.
Feeding nauplii and phytoplankton begin in 3-4 days.
Weak clown scales do not protect against carp infections and parasites characteristic of the family. Not seen in time poisoning – fatal.
Traditional medicines (blue vitriol, malachite greens) are destructive.
“Manka” is a parasitic disease caused by ciliates. Introduced with new inhabitants and live food, mollusks from natural reservoirs. Symptoms: white rash on the body and fins.
At an early stage, it is treated with Antipar and Delagil. If the disease is running, consult an ichthyopathologist.
Common cases are poisoning with chlorinated water and ammonia.
Chlorine poisoning is manifested by a dull color, mucus on the gills. Fussy behavior, trying to jump out of the aquarium.
If symptoms are noticed, deposit the macracant into freshly settled water, connect aeration.
Ammonia poisoning occurs with a lack of ventilation and accumulations of waste products. The fish are kept near the surface, trying to grab the air.
Transplantation in fresh water is fraught with failure of the gills. Connection of biofilters will help, intensive purging with air.
Occurs in a crowded aquarium with a lack of plants and aeration. Symptoms are similar with ammonia poisoning.
Long – causes the death of macracant. The exact cause reveals a test for nitrates.
Develops with bacterial lesion of open skin injuries. There are spots turning into inflammations and ulcers. Treated with antibiotics: Sera Baktopur, Sera Baktopur direct, ectol, digits.
The disease is not contagious: the pathogens in the aquarium always. For treatment, drop the fish in a separate aquarium.
Are livable, do not show aggression to the neighbors chosen by size. They clean the bottom, but are not resistant to diseases.
Staid, single content unpredictable. They are incompatible with mollusks – they eat.
They live long, but rarely breed in captivity.
|Size (cm)||Category||Price (₽)|
|Up to 4||S||280|
|Up to 5.5||M||370|
|Up to 15||XL||1400|
|Up to 20||XXL||3500|
- To transplant a clown, do not use a net: released spikes cling to the material. Drive the fish into a plastic container.
- Do not transfer to a new aquarium with variable parameters of water.
Large, brightly colored dynamic fish with a daytime lifestyle. Noisy, but not aggressive. Livable, shy.
In the event of an attack, an adult individual will give a som to a Clarias.
Cons – weak immunity, eating mollusks and plants, depending on water quality. For the content of the required volume of the vessel from 150 liters.