Botsiya Clown or Botsiya Makrakant (Chromobotia macracanthus) Bleeker, 1852
The genus Chromobotia derives its name from the Greek word chromosome, i.e. “color” and the regional Asian word Botia, which means “warrior” or “soldier”, the specific epithet Macracanthus comes from the Greek word macros, which means “big” and the Latin word acanthus, which means “thorny”, referring to the large spikes under each fish eye, which in its normal state is folded into a kind of bag in the skin and imperceptible. But when frightened or in some kind of stressful situation, the spike extends like a knife blade. You need to be careful when catching, as it often happens that the spikes of the fish are trying to defend themselves and may become entangled in the net net.
And just a shot with these spikes in your hand can be quite painful. In nature, these spikes bots are protected from attacks by predators, in particular birds.
Being swallowed, they are able to make otrygnut them and remember such prey forever.
Botsiya clown It belongs to the family of wines (Cobitidae) and the order of carps. Why was called a bony clown most likely because of playful behavior and striped coloring.
Homeland clowns Borneo Island (Kalimantan) and Sumatra. They live in rivers for most of the year, with the exception of annual spawning, when adults during the rainy period from December to February rush upstream during the maximum rise in water levels in the rivers.
Migrating upstream in this period, fish spawn among reeds in the marshy headwaters, and then come back, making a path of 200–300 km. Information about the maximum size ranges up to 40-50 cm.
But these parameters should be considered as very rare even in the wild size. More normal, (aquarium) size of adult fish ranges from 15 to 26 cm, the size of the aquarium strongly influences the size of the clowns.
It is believed that clowns live 20 years or more.
Adult females have a fuller belly and larger males.
It is better to have an Aquarium-clown aquarium with a large bottom area, preferably a soil of 2-4 mm in size (well rounded) or sand. Since the fighting likes to dig in the ground (for hours to shift the stones with the help of four pairs of mustaches) in the hope of digging up the snail. In the aquarium there should be enough shelters, and quite wide ones, since clowns are lovers to get into them and two by three and three, and then watch out of it with curiosity for everything happening around them.
Shelters can be different and made of any material, the main thing so that there are no sharp edges and corners so that the fish cannot get hurt. You should not pay much attention to the scratches that will permanently beautify your pets, with good indicators of water, they heal quickly.
Clowns are very fond of the flow, and if you arrange it closer to the bottom, they will not be long in coming and will thank you with their “skating” on it. Plants in an aquarium are desirable to keep hard-leaved, for example, anubias, cryptocrines, various ferns, echinodoruses, some species of hygrophilous, and the nymphea is also adjacent to them.
The optimal parameters of water pH: 6-7, dH: 4-12. Free from nitrates, well-filtered and aerated water, once a week is required to replace 25% of the water in the aquarium. Temperature 24-30 ° C.
Optimally 26-27 ° C. The temperature rise to 30 degrees is transferred normally with good aeration.
The lighting should not be bright, but the opposite is also possible.
Fish destroy snails, including groundwatering. They are carnivorous in nature, but they can also eat plant foods, including aquatic plants with soft leaves. Food in the aquarium is not a problem.
Fish are omnivores, eat any kind of feed. I am happy to eat high-quality chips, granules, tablets of leading manufacturers of dry food.
They will be happy to live or frozen bloodworm, cartwright and tubers. Be sure to add to the diet vegetable food: special pills, cucumber, lettuce, spinach and peeled zucchini.
Clowns, like many bots, can make guttural sounds, like clattering or clicking. Botsiy clowns preferably contain a group of at least 5-6 individuals.
Many sources say that content in smaller quantities leads to an increase in aggression and greater secrecy. In the first year of life, clowns fairly quickly reach 8–10 cm in length, then growth slows down and this happens in further steps. Very funny and cheerful fish, can spend hours near the sight glass striking with its dances, begging for food.
It is interesting that the whole flock from small to large is involved in this dance, and occupies an entire aquarium in size, both in length and height, the spectacle is very beautiful and not forgotten.
Their cheerful and mischievous nature will decorate any aquarium. The beauty of a different age group is especially emphasized, it is desirable to replenish the flock with youth at least once a year.
Another feature of clowns, which is impossible to ignore, is the ability to swim in all positions, the fish have a very high speed, they are amazed at their skillful maneuvering between objects. Also have a great backing, which prevents them from getting stuck in shelters.
It is not necessary to sound the alarm when you see your pet literally squeezed into the gap in an inexplicable position in your opinion. Clowns sleep in all positions that they can think of.
In the aquarium should definitely keep the shelter, best for this end-to-end fit.
Overwhelming majority Botsiy-clowns (Chromobotia macracanthus) for sale, are caught in the wild. Every year about 20 million fish are exported from Indonesia.
Due to the fact that the clowns had to fight with long interruptions in time (associated with the rainy season, which affects the course of the fish), the market was weakening for a while. The fish almost disappeared from the mass sale in the fall and early winter.
However, today this problem has been solved, steps have been taken to ensure the constant supply of these loaches. Botsy began to be kept in special cages, right in its habitats, as well as in cities, large buildings were constructed, reservoirs, and conditions were created for the overexposure of fish.
Also, there was an additional opportunity in the cultivation of juveniles, since larger individuals have a higher cost. For fishermen in Indonesia, the income from the sale of a clown’s battle in some cases is almost one of the ways to feed his family.
Clown fishing is quite diverse. But I want to tell about one of them in more detail.
Hollow bamboo is taken to make tackle, and then it is dried for two months (since, according to local fishermen, the smell of fresh bamboo deters fish). After drying, the bamboo is cut into segments of approximately two meters (depending on the depth of the catch), a hole is made in each bamboo segment.
On the one hand, the ready tackle is loaded with stone (so that the bamboo does not pop up), the other end is tied up with branches of trees hanging above the water. The main fishing, usually occurs at night, as clowns seek shelter and swim into the bamboo segments, through the holes, following their habit (hiding in all sorts of cracks). After a few hours, the snares are checked and shaken out into prepared dishes.
There are different variations on this method of fishing, but the basic principle remains the same, built on the instinct of the fish.
Recently, they began to catch the “larvae” of newly hatched fry fights. Clowns are spawning in the flooded fields.
After the flood, the water rushes back into the rivers, carrying with it a large number of fry, and it is here that they are caught, blocking the ducts with original “fences”.
The first report on the natural spontaneous spawning of these problem fish breeding dates back to 1996. Breeding various batons, including Chromobotia macracanthus using hormonal injections according to the methods developed in Russia, has been practiced for quite some time in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Yu.V. Asia.
At one of the sites, it was reported that in October 2007, Colin Dunlop from Scotland observed and photographed one of the first reliable spawning chromobotia macracanthus in his aquarium. A group of one female and three males at the age of 4-5 years, from 14 to 20 cm long, took part in the mating.
Spawning was preceded by an unusual activity of fish in the middle layers of the water – three males began to actively chase a large female. Noticing this behavior, Dunlop transplanted the entire group of a 1,100-liter aquarium into a small (90x45x45 cm) spawning tank, with a plastic net on the bottom and several plastic tubes as shelters.
Water, as well as in the main aquarium, had a very low pH value – 4.5. Soon, the female (the largest individual in the group) swept several hundred eggs, after which all the fish disappeared into the pipes. The joy of the aquarist was immense, unfortunately only a couple of dozen eggs out of several hundred turned out to be fertilized.
The aquarist believes that long-term maintenance of fish with a low pH (4.5-5.5) and a relatively low, 20-25 ° C, temperature in the spawning pool has led to success. And so a small percentage of fertilization Dunlop considers his mistake – it was not necessary to replant the fish in the otsadnik.