How often life in a home aquarium becomes bright and diverse when a new resident appears in it. Almost always, such a positive attitude is made by the clown botsia – a fish that has its own character and is loved by many aquarists.
The history of this aquarian inhabitant dates back to the distant 18th century. Discovered in 1852 in the waters of Kalimantan and Sumatra, for its extraordinary appearance it received the name macracant, which means “clown”.
His behavior is really different cheerful disposition, and the appearance – a confirmation of natural eccentricity.
Over time, copies were brought to Europe, where they won deserved love.
A little later (in 1865) the modest combat was described. She gained her fame thanks to the rivers of Cambodia and Vietnam, as well as Thailand and Laos.
The gray representative of the species, often acquiring green or blue shades, leaves no one indifferent to this day.
Since 1912, the Lohakata battle, a net representative of the Loop family, has appeared on the aquarium Olympus. Her homeland is India, Nepal, Pakstan.
But today it is a frequent guest of our Russian aquariums.
The year 1920 is known as the date of the description of another worthy representative – the Striya combat. This striped beast has the second name of the Russian origin – zetia zebra.
Black and yellow stripes made it recognizable among other fights.
The same year gave a marble battle to aquarium gourmets. Her discovery is the work of Narayan Rao, who drew attention to the unusual striped color of the skin: dark, vertically positioned strokes on a silver background.
Almost all types of botsy have a long history. Reached copies can change their characteristics depending on the conditions of detention.
However, all of them have the same quality: expressive appearance and cheerful disposition.
The size of the fish can not be its constant characteristic. Growing in nature up to 40 cm, in artificial conditions it rarely reaches more than 20-25 cm (marble – no more than 7 cm).
It grows in the first two years of life, in the future growth stops and the size does not change.
The tendency to pack life requires such conditions as a large aquarium (from 250 liters). An exception is the dwarf version of fish.
Many types of fights are colored. With a certain way of selected lighting, they may appear pink or blue, but the pattern on the body is necessarily present.
The number of individuals should be minimally limited to four to five. Collective games are the norm for them.
Floating in a flock and creating streams of water around them, they enjoy freedom and choose their own entertainment. To taste the bots of “hide and seek” and chase, they love to hide in the underbrush and unexpectedly frighten their fellows.
And also the clown boutfish can show extraordinary actions, for example, sleep on the bottom on the side or swim slowly in the middle or on the surface of the water surface up the abdomen.
If you liked the video – share with friends:
The little body is elongated and flattened laterally. The mouth is turned down, surrounded at the edges by four unusual antennae, giving the specimens, especially the striatus, with catfish.
These antennae are the “weak spot” of the fish. They often get injured in this place, because everyone wants to try such a tactile body.
In addition to antennae, thin and weak scales (rather, specific mucous plaque) are potentially dangerous for injuries. It is she who makes fish susceptible to diseases, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, infections, injuries from other fish.
Under the eyes, there are two protective spikes with which the fish are inclined to defend themselves in case of danger. In a quiet state, the spikes may be invisible.
However, when irritated or in the event of danger, the spikes appear in a noticeable way.
Among the characteristic features can also be called almost transparent fins. True, the lohakat has black dots on them (similar to those located on its grid), while the modest can have bright shades on the dorsal.
Kubotai (chess battle) boasts bright fins, decorated with bluish-black stripes.
Botsiya – aquarium fish, leading more nocturnal. This should be taken into account when designing the feeding regimen. She should not go hungry for night games: feed at the end of daylight hours.
The exception is the same kubatae and histrionic – they frolic in the afternoon and feel naturally at the same time.
If you liked the video – share with friends:
Get an emotional and beautiful aquarium “friend” can, providing the necessary conditions for its maintenance and proper care. In order for the combat to feel confident and not experience a deficit in anything, the following are necessary:
- stable water parameters;
- special food recommended for feeding bottom fish;
- suitable design and vegetable green design of the water house;
- sandy soft ground;
- diffused and poor lighting;
- intensive filtration;
- regular replacement of one third of the available water.
Botsiya – a clown, the content of which does not differ from the classic. It requires:
- water temperature in the range of 24 ° -30 ° C;
- soft medium with a pH of 6-6.5;
- intensive saturation of water with oxygen (using powerful pumps).
A tiger tiger does not accept impurities in the water of nitrates.
However, there are such nuances as the need to cover the aquarium with a lid: a common feature is the ability to jump out.
In the nature of the royal Botsi inclined to shelter. Therefore, in her aquarium the presence of a large number of grottoes, stones and rocky similarities is necessary.
In general, fighting – fish with a peaceful nature. They are compatible with any non-aggressive species if their living conditions are properly organized.
True, the dwarf sidhimunok does not need to put at risk of being eaten by large species of fish.
What is the diet?
The result of breeding bots uniquely depends on the nature of feeding. They can safely be called eaters of all types of feed, including dry, frozen, artificial and live.
For example, tiger eats so much that it is prone to obesity. Therefore, its external depends on the accuracy of feeding.
The peculiarity of the content of the marble and red-melting batons during the breeding season is their feeding with vegetable food, which is fairly easy and useful. Aquatic vegetation and even snails living in its greenery are used.
It is worth adding to the menu the bloodworm, coretru, tubule, artemia.
Connoisseurs of fish biology are recommended to arrange fasting days for battles (at least once a week). Then they will always look fresh and healthy, and the treatment of digestive problems is not required.
One of the most beautiful fights – berdmora – will retain its brightness and appeal if it is properly fed. The balance of a set of food should be based on the number of fish, their age, the period of life. So, fry should be fed more often, be sure to add vegetable food: finely chopped cucumber, zucchini, spinach.
It is also possible to use special pills.
Fish pick up food from the bottom, so it is logical to use sinking granules.
Very fond of feasts snails.
Observing the behavior of fish during feeding, you can objectively assess how much they like the food. If so, then you can clearly hear the characteristic loud clicking.
So, for example, botsiya-clown expresses his pleasure when eating shredded shrimp. True, such sounds often frighten the neighbors in the aquarium, especially small individuals.
Duration of feeding should not exceed 20 minutes. This is the period of time necessary for full saturation.
The uneaten remnants are likely to slacken and settle to the bottom, creating prerequisites for decay processes.
The water content in the aquarium also affects the ability of the fish to breed. The description of this process has a number of features.
For example, Birdmore requires the reproduction of the gonadotropic hormone in artificial conditions for reproduction. According to the available information, this is how the regulation of the sex glands occurs.
Describing the process of reproduction of offspring in general, you should focus on the nuances:
- spawning quantity not less than 150 l;
- obligatory fresh water and powerful current (possibly created by special equipment);
- water parameters: temperature 29-32 ° C, pH 6.7-7.0
- periodic temperature drops;
- the presence of three males per female;
- vegetable food for growers and special, improved for fry.
The preparatory process begins with the placement of the female and male in different aquariums and their feeding mainly with plant food.
At this time a volumetric spawning gear is being prepared, into which the separator grid is laid.
At the bottom, it is desirable to have stones with smooth surfaces and snags.
After full preparation, the producers are planted in the spawn and carefully monitor them. The female lays caviar by 4-6 thousand.
After swelling, the size of the eggs is 2-2.5 mm.
The incubation period must be at least 18 hours. At this time, the water temperature cannot drop below 28 ° C.
From the moment the fry of the “parents” appear, they should be deposited, warning them of their offspring. And for the fry to be thorough care. In their diet are necessary:
- Small rotifers;
- Euglena green and other natural ingredients.
They eat from the fourth day of their lives. If the food is organized properly, in a month their size will be one and a half cm.
How to determine whether caviar fertilization took place? Look at her carefully: fertilized eggs become transparent.
Those that are whitish in color should be removed from the aquarium as failed. They will pollute the aquarium ecology.
The process of propagation of combat in artificial conditions is rarely seen. Many aquarists have an idea about it only from a video or photo on the Internet.
The beats are not cheap fishes, therefore it is better to immediately begin to indulge their whims.
For example, in the interior design it is better to exclude all the cracks and narrow holes as much as possible. Otherwise, they will certainly want to squeeze in there and will not always be able to get back.
The presence of vegetation freely floating in the water column and on its surface is desirable. So, in the elodey and cryptocoryne, the fights will happily hide, and, if desired, they will enjoy themselves.
Bright artificial light is not desirable for such species. They are afraid of him and are constantly under stress.
Lighting should be arranged so that the rays fall absently, without forming concentrated light spots.
Particular attention – the ground. The peculiarity of the scales, and, more precisely, its complete absence, dictate the requirements for the quality of the bottom and the design elements.
We need the most smooth and soft surfaces, the absence of sharp corners and stones, floating algae.
An artificially created water world is always interesting. And when it is inhabited by such inhabitants as fighting, it is also responsible. Fish with a good positive nature – a potential prey for predators and night hunters.
Therefore, it is unacceptable to let the content of such an aquarium drift. After all, not to mention the justification of high prices, their well-being is the accent that is so important for amateurs of aquarium business.