maintenance, care, compatibility
Botsia content, compatibility, views, photo-video review
Breeding botsy-clowns. Dilute botsy all kinds of extremely difficult.
I do not have my own experience of breeding these fish, therefore I will give an excerpt from A. Serdyukov’s article below (Aquarium 1/1993).
“The spawning should be large, especially for large species. The parameters of water with the content of manufacturers: hardness – 15 °, pH 6.5-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C. Requires high-quality water purification.
For spawning used old water with a slight addition of fresh (1 / 5-1 / 6 volume), its rigidity 5-6 °, pH 6.8-7.0, temperature 30-32 ° C.
A prerequisite is a strong current, for the creation of which it is best to use a “spinner” type device. Usually, electric motors are used for this purpose, preferably with a gearbox.
Four blades are installed on the motor shaft, all of which are covered with a Plexiglas, Viniplast or tinned wire mesh casing. To work with such a “spinner,” it is necessary to slightly modernize or re-manufacture the spawning machine (the corners must have Plexiglas inserts so that the water flow does not lose its energy in the dead zones).
It is impossible to use mechanical pumps and air-lifts, because the roe of cavities, like the roe of the labo and the hirinoheylus, is constantly in the water column and is carried by the flow from place to place.
As a spawning substrate, you can use smooth Kamyts i.poryagi. which set on the most flowing place. The intensity of spawning is directly dependent on the power of the current.
There should be 3-4 males per female. Hormonal injections are performed by the fractional method.
At the end of the spawning season, the producers are planted, the “spinner” is turned off and additional air sprayers are installed. At a temperature of 29-31 ° C, after 2-3 hours, the fertilized spawn can be determined transparent.
Unfertilised, white, caviar must be removed (or good caviar must be transferred to another place).
Incubation lasts from 18 to 20 hours. The larvae that hatch are extremely small and concentrate in the darkest places.
On the fourth day, the fry begin to eat. At this time, they need to be fed with the smallest species of rotifers, cyclops nauplii in combination with eugenic green.
In the life of the fry Botsiya the clown is the most critical time — the first month. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly monitor the quality of water and feed. By the end of the month, large fry fry reach lengths of 13-17 millimeters, small ones – 7-10 and begin to accept the coloring of parents.
According to A.Kochetov, the nominative form of B.macracantha, due to the uneven growth rate, matures after five years, reaching a length of at least 12 cm. The color of males in the mating season becomes bronze-yellow with a smoky patina and non-contrast anthracite stripes.
Females are noticeably rounded (they have a slight bulge in the abdomen) and acquire a bright egg-yellow color with moire-black transverse stripes.
There is information about the breeding of Botsiya clown in the club Nautilus. In addition to the traditional form, there were four copies of the giant (from 20 to 28 cm) high-caliber race from the Mekong River.
The fish were unusual in appearance: the strips had an additional double-sided gold trim. The age of simple bots varied from 3 to 6 years; giant – approached 8 years.
Since 1993, the club has repeatedly engaged in the stimulation of producers, but without success: either the females gave bad eggs, the males did not flow and were passive, or they could not synchronize the maturation of the producers.
Botsiya clown photo
Behavior and Compatibility not very aggressive, but you should not keep them with small fish, because the latter will be subjected to stress from too active fighting behavior. It is better not to move the slow-moving species of fish with voile fins, for example, cockerels / guppies, as well as many cichlids, because the fighting can bite off the tail fins.
More suitable neighbors are peaceful, carping carp, many of which are sympatric with the genus Chromobotia in nature and are commercially available. As for the other inhabitants of the bottom, Chromobotia macracanthus get along well with most types of fights and some other loachworms. Also suitable are representatives of such species as Epalzeorhynchos, Crossocheilus and Garraand.
Representatives of the species Chromobotia macracanthus are schooling, form a complex social hierarchy and should be contained in groups of 5-6 copies, preferably 10 or more. When kept alone, individuals become aggressive towards fish of similar size, and, being planted in the amount of two or three, the dominant individual will attack others, preventing them from feeding.
These fish need constant contact with their relatives.
Sexual dimorphism. Distinguishing between male and female clown battles In nature, adult fighting clowns reach a length of 20-30 cm, after which growth progressively decreases.
There is information about the detection of copies under 40 cm, which is quite possible, but time consuming. As a rule, in aquarium conditions, the length of the fish is shorter, which is affected by the volume of the tank. Sexual dimorphism in fish is weak.
Mature males are more graceful than larger females, whose abdomen is fuller. Some theories suggest that males have a more deeply forked tail fin, but this fact has not been proven.
read also mollies
Among these fish there are species that are especially popular with aquarists. Each species has its own characteristics, allowing them to stand out from the others. So:
- From 1936, a clownfish (Botia macracantha, Chromobotia macracanthus) began to be supplied to Russian aquarists. It has a bright color, where the main color is yellow or orange, and the “pattern” consists of three black transverse stripes.
- The clown has rather large eyes, under which there are special protective spikes. Around the mouth of the fish are small antennae, with which it explores the aquarium. The clown has no visual sex differences between females and males, so it is not easy for even experienced aquarists to tell who is who.
This creature eats almost any food, likes moderate diffused lighting and rich aquarium vegetation. Individuals do not survive individuals, therefore they are kept in flocks.
The next type is the marble battle (Cypriniformes), which belongs to the order of carps. This fish is delivered from reservoirs, starting from Bangladesh and ending with Pakistan.
In the daytime, the individual leaves the shelter, so it can be well seen.
The food for the marble botsie is mainly food that has fallen to the bottom, so its stay in the aquarium is only good. In the aquarium, which contains the marble battle, must be the ground, because about him the fish remove a fraction of mucus, with which they are covered instead of scales.
Individuals breed spawning and do it in pairs. During the breeding season, the eggs can be eaten by other fish that are not involved in the process, so it is necessary for the female to spawn in a separate aquarium.
The maintenance of fights in solitude negatively affects their behavior, which becomes aggressive towards other inhabitants of the aquarium. When the content of this fact must be taken into account, and therefore, to get a few fish.
Boar aquarists often prefer a small fish called modest (Yasuhikotakia modesta). Like many other fighters, modest is a bottom fish, and is active at night.
Keep modest desirable in a large aquarium, as its size is not small. As for compatibility with other fish, the modest has no problems with it, because of how it is distinguished by its peace-loving nature. As for food, modest enough voracious and happy to eat any food.
Breed modest through hormonal stimulation of spawning, as the reproduction of this species in the aquarium is not always active.
Popular tiger fighting (Syncrossus hymenophysa) is very common in aquariums of professional aquarists. In general, tiger fighting is very mobile and leads a bottom-line lifestyle, but due to the visual similarity, tiger fighting is often confused with other types of fighting.
Settled to the tiger fighting preferably mobile fish. A feed for the tiger boom is suitable for any, intended for bottom fish.
It is worth remembering that the diseases of the boats sometimes have a place to be, so you need to be ready for them. In order for the diseases of the fighting to be in the aquarium course, you need to comply with all the conditions of these fish.
In diseases, multiplication of fights is impossible, since this requires only healthy individuals.