maintenance, care, compatibility
Labidochromis yellow (yellow) is a beautiful aquarium fish of the Cichlid family (from Malawi). In captivity can grow in size from 8 to 12 cm.
At labidochromis body elongated, flattened on the sides. Scale color is yellow; there is a horizontal black stripe on the dorsal fin. The abdominal and anal fins are black.
The tail is translucent with black spots. There are instances with a completely yellow body.
Keep the fish better in a pair or several pairs in a spacious aquarium (100 liters for two individuals). The fish has a livable nature, so both calm and active fish can become its neighbors.
Young labidochromis are grayish-yellow. Life expectancy is 10 years.
Yellow mollies – light-loving aquarium fish. Body color is rich yellow, dark spots can be found on fins.
In length, the fish grows no more than 5 cm. Some individuals may have a greenish or malachite outflow of scales.
There is no albinism among the yellow mollies. The fish have dark eyes with silver iris around the pupils.
Fry of yellow species have a dark color. You need to keep the fish in a tropical aquarium with a water temperature of 24-27 o C, you can a small flock.
Get on with peaceful fish of small size.
Girinoheylus – aquarium fish that reaches the size of 15-25 cm in length. Belongs to the carp family, the second name is the Chinese seaweed. Thanks to the suction mouth, the girinoheylus scrapes off the algal fouling.
It is believed that this is an aggressive look, so it can engage in fights with its kindred. They are usually kept alone, or in the company of other fish, but in a very spacious tank. Externally, the fish looks elegant – the body of elongated symmetry, the color is golden yellow.
The eyes are large, black with gold rims. Girinoheylus eat only vegetable food – plants, algae and vegetables.
See how the girinoheylus fights with platydhoras.
Yellow, or gold ancistrus – beautiful fish for the aquarium, which bring good luck. Can grow up to 15 cm in length. The mouth has a pair of antennae.
The head is large, the eyes are black with golden irises. Lead a bottom life.
Due to the relatively large size, it is better to keep the fish with proportionate relatives, or with larger fish. Small fish can be taken as food.
Antsistrus brings benefits to the aquarium – cleans the glass of the tank, plants and decorations from algal fouling.
Barbus Schubert is a carp fish from the freshwater rivers of Southeast Asia. The body length is 5-7 cm. The body has a brilliant yellow tint.
There are black horizontal stripes on the body, and a horizontal strip with an orange tint on the bottom of the body. On the body can be randomly scattered black spots.
Fins are brownish-orange, two-blade tail fin. Males have a brighter color. The body is dense, flattened on the sides.
Schooling view, it is better to contain 8-10 individuals in a spacious tank. These barbs are peaceful fish, so you can keep them with their neighbors proportionate and calm.
Yellow parrot – artificially bred cichlid. The body is round, barrel-shaped, the lips are large, the color is bright yellow, monophonic.
Body size – up to 20 cm in length, life expectancy – 10 years. The fins are small, strong body.
But the spine is deformed, which affects the ability to swim. With age, body color turns pale.
It has a playful, peaceful and friendly character. Parrot fish rarely spawn, and it is barren, although the male and female will care for it until they eat it.
Neon blue fish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo review
The birthplace of blue neon is South America (waters of Colombia).
The body size of this small fish reaches only 3.5 centimeters. Like all neons, females are slightly larger than males, the latter reaching sizes of 1.3-2 centimeters.
They are red and blue neon from their close relatives, blue ones are distinguished by their slenderness, a blue neon strip runs along their whole body, there is also a faded, barely noticeable red strip.
Blue neons – peaceful, nimble, gregarious fish. The conditions of their content are identical to the red and blue neon.
These neons prefer to stay out in the open, they can float both at the surface of the aquarium and at the very bottom.
In food unpretentious, they eat any small food: live and combined.
For breeding blue neon use dimly lit small spawning aquariums, up to 20 liters.
Comfortable parameters of water for spawning aquarium: dH 1-4 °, pH 5.0-5.5, temperature 25-26 ° C. Spawning usually occurs in the evening, and it is preceded by a long and exhausting race.
Females spawn over plant substrates. The incubation period for caviar ripening is about one day.
Larvae appear on the 6th day. The first signs of color in young blue neon appear only towards the end of the third week.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
read an extensive article
ALL ABOUT NEONAH: history, content, types and features of breeding.
Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
- The Cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is endemic to Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Thailand). The body of the fish is narrow, elongated, rounded in cross section. In the natural environment it feeds on insects, which are easily captured by the upper mouth. Betta vulgaris occurs with long and short fins. The wild fighting fish has scales of a dark brown shade on which green spots meet. The method of selection brought out the forms of Betta ordinary with veil fins and different color scales. The wild-looking fins play with different colors, shimmer in the world. The body length of an adult individual is 5-6 cm. Life expectancy is 3 years. The female is slightly paler in color, during spawning, she has a clearly visible umbilical cord, from which the ovipositor will emerge. All types of Betta ordinary sleep at the bottom of the aquarium with open eyes.
The black cock is not warlike, the black betta, the pygmy cock (Betta imbellis) is very beautiful, popular due to its interesting color and peaceful behavior. Often it is bred and sold in Thailand and Malaysia. The size of an adult individual is 5-6 cm in length.
Fish carnivorous, eats daphnia, larvae of flies and mosquito. Prefers subacidic water, temperature 24-28 degrees Celsius.
Body color can be blue, black and red. The tail fin is round or “delta”, has red, blue stripes.
The color of the scales is black with blue splashes. Peaceful fish was nicknamed because it can be kept in one tank in a company of 2 males and 2-4 females.
When establishing a hierarchy, the males will not fight, so this pet can be chosen by a novice aquarist.
Look at a pair of betta imbellis.
The beauty of the fish of this breed, alas, can not always overpower the number of their shortcomings. The main disadvantage is the scrupulousness of the fish in relation to the external conditions: the slightest changes in lighting, landscaping, external surroundings, and the composition of the water can lead the fish to great stress.
Pets are very sensitive to the composition of water and hardly tolerate pollution. Aggressive neighbors can seriously hurt the peace-loving blue angelfish, so you need to pick up comrades of similar liking to them.
But the behavior of the fish – above all praise. This large beauty will never offend the other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Methylene Blue – This is a synthetic dye. A 1% solution (1g / l of aquarium water) is used, from which a therapeutic solution is prepared at the rate of 3 ml. methylene blue on 10l of aquarium water.
The course of treatment is to complete cure.
The drug is removed by filtration.
Methylene blue – Synthetic dye. You can buy at the pharmacy. Possesses bactericidal and fungicidal properties.
For the treatment of external bacterial and fungal infections, as well as from some skin parasites – such as ichthyophthyrus. Applied with Aeromonosis, Branchomycosis, Gyrodactylosis, Ichthyophthyriosis, Kostioze, Plistoforose, Saprolegniosis, Hilodonellosis, Tetrahimenosis, Trikhodiniosis, partially acts on ectoparasites.
But it adversely affects biological filtration, and it is better to apply it in baths and individual vessels. The water takes on a blue color, which makes it difficult to observe the fish, soils the equipment and scenery. It is better to carry out the treatment in a separate vessel, since the preparation paints the glass, inventory and water in a dark blue color.
The drug is used in the form of 2 ml of 1% solution per 10 l of water. The treatment period is up to 1 month. At the end of the treatment, activated carbon filters are used to remove blue.
For baths – 100mg / l, aging 4-6 hours.
Here, still HUMAN. Instructions to the drug
Methylene blue is a drug of the antiseptic group. The mechanism of action of the drug is based on its ability to form poorly soluble complex compounds with mucopolysaccharides and proteins of the bacterial cell, which leads to the death of microorganisms.
When applied topically, the drug is not absorbed into the systemic circulation.
Indications for use:
The drug is intended for the treatment of damaged skin in patients with burns, purulent-inflammatory skin lesions and pyoderma.
Mode of application:
The drug is intended for external use. It is necessary to avoid falling of a preparation in eyes and on mucous membranes. The drug is applied to the cleaned affected area with a cotton swab.
The solution is used to treat damaged areas of the skin and some adjacent portion of healthy tissue.
The duration of treatment is determined by the attending physician.
In isolated cases, the development of allergic skin reactions was noted.
Increased individual sensitivity to the components of the drug.
The drug is not used to treat children under the age of 1 year.
The drug can be prescribed during pregnancy, if the expected benefit to the mother greatly exceeds the possible risks to the fetus.
If necessary, the use of the drug during lactation should consult with your doctor.
Interaction with other drugs:
When using the drug on a large area of the skin may increase the severity of side effects.
In case of overdose, drug withdrawal and symptomatic therapy are indicated.
Alcohol solution for external use of 10 ml in glass vials.
The drug should be stored in a dry place away from direct sunlight at a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Shelf life – 2 years.
10ml solution for external use contains:
Methylene blue – 100mg;