Hello dear aquarists! Blue Akara, which will be discussed today is an interesting and beautiful aquarium fish, which belongs to the family of cichlids.
The countries of Latin and South America, and in particular the standing bodies of water and the slowly flowing rivers of Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and the island of Trinidad, are home to this fish.
This type of Akara is the owner of an oblong and high body, which has a slightly oval shape and is flattened on the sides. Big head and big blue eyes make this fish even more fancy. The anal and dorsal fin in Akara is quite long, which begins near the nape and ends near the tail.
The color of the fish affects its habitat and can vary from bluish-green to brown. The back is olive-black and the sides of the fish have a bluish tint, and the belly and breast can be either orange or yellow.
Acara blue scales can have bluish spots and red touches.
Approximately in the middle of the body of the fish there are dark spots on both sides, and the gill covers and the head have patterns of brownish-green dots or strokes. The male from the female can be distinguished by color (the male is brighter and more colored) and the length of the fins (anal and dorsal fin in the female is much shorter than the male).
In nature, blue akara can reach 20 centimeters in length, but in aquarium conditions, they rarely exceed 10 centimeters. The life conditions of fish are affected by the conditions of detention, so the dispersion turned out to be decent – from 4 to 10 years.
This species of Akara can get along with various large and medium-sized fish, has a fairly peaceful disposition. I recommend keeping a male with a female in an aquarium.
Periodically look at their behavior: if the monotony of life and the size of the aquarium leave much to be desired, then they can shake and bite each other. To keep a couple of blue acaras you need to get at least a 70-liter aquarium, densely planted with aquarium plants, with a strong root system and strong leaves.
All sorts of shelters made of large stones and snags + are welcome to leave enough space for swimming.
The water parameters in the aquarium with blue acaras should be as follows:
- water temperature: 20-28 ° C;
- pH 6.0-8.5;
- dH 6-30;
- weekly replacement of 30% water + powerful filtration and aeration of the aquarium.
The blue-spotted akara is basically an omnivorous fish, therefore it can eat both dry food and live food, bread and frozen food. Under natural conditions, this aquarium fish is a micro-predator.
The blue akara can spawn both in the spawn and in the general aquarium. Spawning aquarium is better not to plant much grass + create the necessary number of shelters. Spawning volume should be at least 50 liters.
Aquarium soil is desirable to take coarse sand, and put on it large flat stones. Water parameters in spawning should be as follows: water temperature 25-28 ° C, dH 6-20. pH 6.5-7 and enhanced aeration of the aquarium.
It is recommended to use as producers of fish that are older than a year, so they will not stop growing.
In order to stimulate the fish to spawn, it is necessary to frequently change the water for fresh water, strengthen the aeration and raise the water temperature by three degrees. Akara caviar lays on large stones, clay pots, snags and holes in the ground. During the spawning period, the fish becomes quite aggressive and territorial.
During one spawning, the female can sweep away from 300 to 1000 eggs. It happens that the first laying was eaten by manufacturers, however, with subsequent ones, this is no longer observed. Caviar incubation period is rather long – from 3 to 8 days.
As soon as the larvae hatch from the eggs, their parents in their mouths transfer them to the prepared indentations in the ground. After 4 days, the small things are already floating on their own and can eat rotifers and live dust.
Oddly enough, but blue akara is quite a caring parent. Fish regularly bring food to their children, and if necessary, then chew it.
Mature fish becomes at eight months of age.