Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Big Catfish Changeling: A Quick Guide to the Content

Big Catfish Changeling: A Quick Guide to the Content

The big catfish the changeling belongs to the order of bahramchatousy catfishes. The main advantage of this fish is interestingly colored mustache on the upper jaw, which flutter in the form of flags during swimming.

Previously, these catfish were called Pimelodus membranaceus and Sinodontis Günther.

A hydrobiont has a high body with a sickle-shaped and notched tail, as well as an impressive fatty fin, which practically joins with the dorsal. On the dorsal fin there is a large powerful thorn and 7 soft rays.

On the gill covers there are fleshy skin growths of a triangular shape.

Hemisidonts are found in the basins of the Chad, Volta, Gambia, Nile, Niger and Senegal rivers. In standing water these fishes practically do not occur.

For the first time, fish came to domestic aquarists in 1990 to an aquarist, Sviryaev, who managed to get a seed from a catfish.

The standard color is bronze-brown with medium-grained relief and dark gray belly. Also in nature there is a rather rare color – slate-gray. The females of the catfish have a fuller body, the color is paler and they look more massive than cavaliers.

Puberty begins at the age of three. Despite the large size (25 – 30 centimeters), chemisidonts have a very peaceful character, which allows fish to get along with small tetras (neon, rhodostomusy) and rasborami without problems.

During feeding, flight and rest, catfish swim only up to the belly.

The optimal parameters for the maintenance of catfish are the following hydrochemical indicators of aquarium water:

  • Active medium reaction in the range of 6.5 – 7.8 pH;
  • Stiffness from 5 to 25 dGH;
  • Aquarium volume from 250 liters;
  • Water temperature 22 – 28 degrees;
  • Good filtration and water flow are required conditions.

When making an aquarium for soms, it is advisable to use fancy snags, large hard-leaved aquarium plants planted in pots and large stones of interesting shapes.

In order to qualitatively prepare the producers for spawning, a good and balanced diet is necessary. Fish perfectly eat frozen and dry food.

However, during breeding periods, greater preference is given to red soft daphnia and moina. An additional stimulant to spawning is a jump in temperature, light, and frequent large water changes during the month.

To get offspring, you have to resort to using pituitary injections, obtained from a canal or an ordinary catfish. The full fecundity of the female of the big catfish changeling is 50 thousand eggs, which develop in the semi-darkness.

After 4 -5 days, the larvae are able to independently swim and feed on the nauplii of Artemia and live dust. In dirty water and drug overdose, fish develops massively dropsy, which can kill a whole litter.

In captivity, this fish can live up to 15 years. The closest relative is the catfish, which grows up to 30 centimeters in length.

О admin

x

Check Also

Barbus Linear (Desmopuntius johorensis) – content, breeding

Barbus Linear / Barbus Five Linear / Barbus Striped (Desmopuntius johorensis / Puntius johorensis) Duncker ...

Kalamoiht Kalabarsky (Erpetoichthys calabaricus) – description, content

Kalamoicht calabaric (Erpetoichthys calabaricus / Calamoichthys calabaricus) Smith, 1865 Erpetoichthys: Greek, erpeton = snake + ...

Micromembrane emerald (Microrasbora erythromicron) – content, breeding

Emerald microassembly (Microrasbora erythromicron) ANNANDALE, 1918. The emerald microassembly is a shy but very beautiful ...

Glass catfish (Kryptopterus vitreolus) – content, dilution

Glass catfish (Kryptopterus vitreolus) NG KOTTELAT, 2013. Previously mistakenly identified as (Kryptopterus bicirrhis). Kryptopterus: from ...

Eleotris carpet (Tateurndina ocellicauda) – content, breeding

Eleotris carpet / Peacock goby (Tateurndina ocellicauda) Nichols / Nichols, 1955 Family Golovoshkovye (Eleotridae). Carpet ...

Barbus Sumatransky (Puntius tetrazona) – content, breeding

Barbus of Sumatran (Puntigrus tetrazona) BLEEKER, 1855. Despite the fact that the peak of hobby ...

Cardinal (Tanichthys albonubes) – content, breeding

Cardinal (Tanichthys albonubes) – one of the most popular aquarium fish. It has a bright ...

Neon black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) – content, breeding

Neon Black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) first appeared in European aquariums in 1961, in domestic – in ...

Glass perch (Parambassis ranga) – content, breeding

Glass Bass (Parambassis / Chanda ranga) Habitat: inhabits stagnant brackish and freshwater reservoirs in India, ...

Neon red (Paracheirodon axelrodi) – content, breeding

Family haratsinovye (Characidae). Homeland neon red is Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. It mainly inhabits shallow ...

Black Barbus (Puntius nigrofasciatus) – content, breeding

Black Barbus (Pethia nigrofasciata / Puntius / Barbus nigrofasciatus) Gunther / Gunter, 1868, introduced to ...

Carnegiella Marble (Carnegiella strigata) – content, breeding

Carnegiella marble (Carnegiella strigata) GUNTHER, 1864 Since 1909, the species C. strigata (which at the ...

Orizias vovora (Oryzias woworae) – content, breeding

Oryzias woworae PARENTI HADIATY 2010. Rod Orizias (Oryzias) – Rice Fish. Orizias vovora is a ...

Golden Sturiosome (Sturiosoma aureum) – content, breeding

Golden Sturisom (Sturiosoma aureum) was opened in Colombia in 1900. In addition to the generally ...

Tetra Palmeri (Nematobrycon palmeri) – content, breeding

Tetra Palmer or royal tetra (Nematobrycon palmeri) – A representative of the Kharacin family was ...

Bolivian butterfly (Microgeophagus altispinosa) – keeping, breeding

There are many names of synonyms: Altispinoza Apistogram, Bolivian papiliochromis, Chromis Butterfly, Bolivian Apistogram. The ...

Blades (Gasteropelecidae) – types, content, breeding

Blades – family Wedge Brute (Gasteropelecidae) The family Gasteropeletsid includes three genera: Carnigiela (Carnegiella), Gasteropelekusov ...

Speckled otozinclus (Otocinclus flexilis) – content, breeding

Ototsinkly Mottled (Otocinclus flexilis) Habitat: Ototsinkly speckled inhabits both rapid and calm rivers with dense ...

Ternesia (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) – content, breeding

Ternesia (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) Boulenger, 1895.Family characide (Characidae). Inhabit the basins of the river Paraguay and ...

Gourami marble (Trichogaster trichopterus) – content, breeding

Marble gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus “cosby / opaline”) Marble gourami – a decorative look, obtained as ...

Botia dario (Botia dario) – description, content, breeding

Botia Dario (Botia dario) HAMILTON, 1822. Botsiya Dario – a very bright and beautiful fish ...

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) – content, breeding

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) Habitat: The Similis Corridor is found in nature in the Madeira ...

Piranhas (Pygocentrus) – types, description, content, breeding

Piranhas (Pygocentrus) Muller Troschel, 1844 Piranha from Guarani means “evil fish.” Detachment: Characteristic (Characiformes).Family: Characteristic ...

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) – content, breeding

Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) GÉRY UJ, 1987. Hifessobrikon: from ancient Greek (hyphesson), which means “smaller ...