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Beautiful bottom aquarium inhabitant – Antsistrus star

Star Antsistrus is a type of chain catfish and is considered an excellent sweeper. He leads an active fight against algae, scrapes raid, collects excess feed.

The unusual appearance makes the catfish a unique representative of the Ancistrini group, and its compact size allows it to be kept in small aquariums.

Star Antsistrus will become a real decoration of a small home aquarium

Among all types of catfish, starfish Ancistrus is most in demand. First of all, breeders are attracted to his color.

Black fish with white patches really is the decoration of the aquarium. In addition to external data, catfish has a number of other advantages:

  • undemanding in leaving;
  • gets on well with other fish;
  • cleans the container from dirt;
  • no difficulty in breeding.

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Differences star from other types of antsistrusov consist in its structure. Som has the following characteristics:

  1. The length of the males is 8–9 cm, the females are slightly less than 6–7 cm. The body shape is elongated, slightly flat. The back is covered with solid plates.
  2. The mouth is like a suction cup. It is used not only for feeding, but also to resist a strong flow of water. The fish finds support, a stone or a branch, and clings.
  3. Body color is unusual, like velvet in black. Complemented by small white circles. This combination is similar to the colors of the star sky. It is this association that influenced the name.
  4. The tail and dorsal fins are framed by a white stripe. This feature is only in young individuals, as they grow up, the “decoration” disappears.
  5. Males have a soft protective antennae, in females this device is absent.

Star Antsistrus has an unusual color of black with white dots

The content of stewed stew at home

Somik is unpretentious and hardy in the wild, in captivity, its existence depends on human care. The breeder needs to recreate the conditions comfortable for life. Ancistrus content rules:

  1. The optimal volume of the aquarium is at least 50 liters.
  2. Requires a constant supply of oxygen. You can learn about the deficit by the behavior of the fish, catfish will regularly swim to the surface and swallow air with the mouth.
  3. So that the environment does not become polluted, nitrates and phosphates do not accumulate, 30% of the water should be updated daily.

Ancistrus star is very picky about water purity.

  • Favorable temperature regime is 22-26 degrees.
  • Water should not be very hard, have high or low acidity. To comply with all parameters, it is better to buy special water for aquariums.
  • It is necessary to provide a place where the fish could lie down during the day. A snag or special cover in the form of a cave, castle, house or pot will do.
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    If you follow the rules of keeping this type of catfish, reproduction and further breeding of individuals will not be a problem.

    Ancistrus star-shaped in the natural environment feeds on algae from the bottom. In captivity, som also absorbs fouling that occurs, but the ration is supplemented with food.

    Fish loves vegetables: cucumbers, zucchini carrots. Do not give up spinach, cabbage or lettuce.

    So that the pieces are freely available, they are immersed to the bottom with the help of weights.

    In addition to plant food, catfish will be happy and lively food, which is 20% of the daily diet. Moth, worms, shrimps and other natural feed for aquarium fish.

    Star Antsistrus feeds on algae and live food

    It is considered to be correct to give food in the evening, when the antsistrus leaves the shelter and begins to conduct vigorous activity.

    In order for the digestive tract to work well, the fish needs a large amount of fiber. The source is wood, therefore the snags installed in the aquarium serve not only as decoration, but also as top dressing.

    If any pathology is found in a catfish, the infected individual is removed from the general aquarium for quarantine. The sooner the symptoms are detected, the easier it is to cope with the disease. However, in the case of ancistrus catfish, it is difficult to notice pathological changes in a timely manner.

    In the daytime, the fish does not catch the eye, as it sits in the shelter and is selected only in the evening.

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    The following pathologies are characteristic of the star catfish:

    1. White spots. There are two reasons for the change in pigmentation. In the first case, the color dims or is partially reset in stressful situations. Low water quality, lack of oxygen, increased competition and other factors provoke the condition. The problem is solved by creating favorable conditions for the pet. In the worst case, the presence of white spots indicates infectious lesions. Then, to cope with the pathology, the drug is prescribed Antipar.
    2. Ichthyophthiriosis. Manifested in the form of small white warts on the body of catfish, resembling semolina. Causes symptoms of ichthyophthirius – ciliates parasitizing on aquarium fish. To get rid of the disease can be copper sulphate, formalin and potassium permanganate.
    3. Oodiniosis. Pathology does not affect adults and healthy individuals, it happens in fry or weak fish. Their activity gradually subsides, there is a destruction of the fins, detachment of part of the integument from the pet’s body. To cope with the disease will only antibiotic therapy.

    In the absence of proper care, the starfish is sick

    Reproduction of star antsistrus in aquarium conditions

    Puberty in catfish occurs at the age of eight months. In order for reproduction to be successful, it is necessary to create a number of conditions:

    • replace 70% of water with clean one;
    • reduce the temperature by 3-4 degrees;
    • to supplement the aquarium with snags and devices for shelter.

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    Spawning occurs in several stages:

    1. The male is looking for a quiet quiet place. It is engaged in preparation, does cleaning in a shelter, clearing its walls.
    2. Leads the female, and with a favorable outcome, she outlines about two hundred eggs.
    3. After the female is removed, the future offspring remains under the protection of the father.

    Hidden eggs are caught using a special tube – spawning substrate. There are plastic or ceramic tubes.

    Calf at catfish is yellow, no larger than three millimeters. Fry form after three to four days, and leave the tube only after a week.

    For the growth and development of young need a large capacity, up to 200 liters. It is filled with snags, as the fry gladly gnaw at them.

    The differences between the sexes of ancistrus are well pronounced. A female or male is easily identified by appearance. The latter are larger, have spikes-antennae.

    Females are slightly smaller, protective mechanisms are absent.

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    There is a difference in behavior. Females are calm, get along with each other. The male star ancistrus is active, does not tolerate competition with fellows.

    He does not like to share the territory and females with someone, the catfish prefers to occupy the leading position.

    To determine the sex of a fish is possible only in adults. Find gender differences in fry will not work.

    Antsistrus is starless, non-conflict and easily gets on with other aquarium inhabitants. However, he is not very happy representatives of his species. The presence of two males in the same area is often accompanied by fights.

    In order to have peace in the catfish family, it is better to have a male and a couple of females.

    In the aquarium, you can only have one antsistrus

    Despite the fact that Ancistrus is not aggressive towards other fish, it can be attacked by large inhabitants of the aquarium. They are saved by spiky thorns and a rigid body.

    It is not recommended to allow catfish to cichlids, otherwise catfish risk being left without a mustache and losing shelter.

    Ancistrus star is a very interesting and beautiful fish. It does not require complex care, while it has significant benefits for the aquarium.

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