maintenance, care, compatibility
Botsia (lat. Botia) – fishes of the Viunovye family, representatives of the genus of the same name. Natural habitats are small streams in Southeast Asia.
Boths are often found in home aquariums; they are among the best-selling pets. They are unpretentious in content, have a peace-loving disposition, as well as high resistance to disease.
Color varies depending on the species, heredity and environmental conditions. A bright and beautiful fight is a clown fight, a yellow fish with dark stripes on the body. A bit like a barb and a sea clown.
It is an aquarium fish fighting a clown that most often attracts the attention of razvodchiki. More than 25 species of this genus are known.
In battles, the body is torpedo-shaped, triangular at the side, the abdomen is flat, the muzzle is sharp, with 3-4 pairs of antennae. In the sinuses are barely noticeable infraorbital spines, which appear at the time of danger and are fixed horizontally.
On the ventral and pectoral fins there are suckers, with the help of which the fish attach themselves to stones and bark, sweeping small plants and algae off them. Many battles are nocturnal, only the marble battles sometimes go swimming in the daytime.
These are schooling fish that live in small groups.
Boths are schooling fish, for the maintenance of this species a reservoir is required, where you can populate 5-10 individuals at once. If you settle one or two fish, they will attack the other inhabitants of the aquarium. Each fish of this genus is a fearful creature, in the daytime it rests, and at night it goes out in search of food.
Only the marble battle is not afraid to look out because of the vegetation, although it is also shy.
For a bright body color and a healthy appearance, it is necessary to create the best living conditions: first, get a large aquarium without sharp corners, and with soft soil. This fish loves a lot of plants, where you can play and hide during the day, the floating elodea and cryptocoryne are suitable for such purposes.
Botsiya clown does not tolerate high water hardness, so the parameters of rigidity should not exceed 5-10o. Prefers to live in crystal clear water in a soft light.
Install a compressor in the aquarium to filter and aerate the water. The lighting is preferably diffused, in bright light the fish are nervous and become not their own.
Get 5-8 batches at once, so it will be much more comfortable. At the bottom of the tank with water, place stone grottoes, snags, clay shards without sharp corners.
Soft sand is acceptable as soil. The optimal water temperature for an aquarium is 24-26 degrees.
Weekly should be updated water, filter it and saturate with oxygen.
Macracant or clown fish – beauty eating snails and plants
Aquarium fish fighting a clown or a macracant (lat. Chromobotia macracanthus) is one of the most beautiful loach fish that is kept in an aquarium.
They love her for bright paint and for a pronounced individuality.
For the clown’s fighting, you need a spacious aquarium, as it grows quite large up to 16-20 cm in length. She loves aquariums with lots of plants and various shelters.
As a rule, loachs are nightly fishes that are almost invisible during the day, however, this does not apply to the clown’s combat. She is very active during the day, although a little shy.
They love the company of their own kind, but may be kept with other fish.
Botsiya clown or Chramobotia macracanthus macracant (previously Botia macrocanthus) was first described by Blekker in 1852. Its homeland is in Southeast Asia: in Indonesia, on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.
In 2004, Maurice Kottelat (Maurice Kottelat) isolated this species from the genus Botias into a separate one.
In nature, inhabits the river almost all the time, only for the time of spawning migrates. Lives in places with stagnant water, and over, as a rule, gathering in large flocks.
During the monsoons, they migrate to flooded plains. Depending on the habitat macracant lives in very clean and very dirty water.
It feeds on insects, their larvae and plant food.
Although most sources say that the clown fight grows about 30 cm in size, there are about 40 cm in nature, and it can live for quite a long time, up to 20 years. In many regions, it is harvested as commercial fish and used for food.
This is a very beautiful, big fish. The bodies of the clown’s combat are stretched out and compressed from the sides. The mouth is pointing down and has four pairs of whiskers.
The clown’s combat also has thorns, which are located under the eyes and serve to protect against predatory fish. Botsia exposes them at the moment of danger, which can be a problem during the catch, as they cling to the net.
It is better to use a plastic container.
It is reported that in nature battles clowns grow to 40 cm, but in the aquarium they are smaller, about 20-25 cm. They are long-lived, under good conditions, they can live up to 20 years.
The graceful clown combat has a bright yellow-orange body color with three wide black stripes, for which in English it was called the Tiger Loach. One band goes through the eyes, the second directly in front of the dorsal fin, and the third captures part of the dorsal fin and goes further behind it. All together, they form a very beautiful and exciting look coloring.
True, the clown fight is most brightly colored at a young age, and as it grows it turns pale, but does not lose its beauty.
In nature, the macracant feeds on worms, larvae, beetles and plants. Omnivores, in the aquarium they eat all kinds of food – live, frozen, artificial. Especially like pills and freezing, as they eat from the bottom.
In principle, there are no problems with feeding, the main thing is to feed a variety of fish so that it is healthy. They know how to make clicking sounds, especially when they are satisfied and you can easily understand which type of food they like.
Since the fighting clowns help get rid of the snails, actively eating them. If you want the snail population to become significantly smaller, then just start a clown fight.
Clicks while eating:
And their negative skills – they are happy to eat the plants, and gnaw holes even in ekhinodorusah. You can reduce cravings if you add a significant amount of vegetable feed to your diet. It can be both pills and vegetables – zucchini, cucumbers, salad.
In general, for fighting, the amount of vegetable feed in the diet should be up to 40%.
Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more.
The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.
Feel best in soft water (5 – 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict.
The soil is better soft – sand or small gravel.
Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability. They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water.
It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.
It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide.
They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig up caves for themselves under snags or stones, so that they don’t bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.
Bats clowns can do strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died.
However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.
25 cm fighting clown: