Hello, friends. The solar barbus belongs to the carp family, and this aquarium fish is found in the waters of Central India and Bengal. These fish prefer to stay in flocks in the thickets of plants near the coastal zone, where the flow is weak or not at all.
Fish love clean water, so you should carefully monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium. German aquarists have called this barb spotty, and American colleagues called it a dwarf golden.
These interesting names characterize the unusual and quite spectacular color of the fish. But even considering the unpretentious content, attractive appearance and peace-loving nature do not help this aquatic species to become popular in the post-Soviet space.
Therefore, if you hope to see this fish in the aquariums of domestic fans, it is unlikely that you will succeed.
The solar barb has a graceful body about 5 centimeters long in females and 4 centimeters in males. Externally, this barb is somewhat similar to a high-body rassbora. The body is high and closer to the tail stem begins to taper.
The head has a pointed shape, the eyes are large. Body color can be either sandy or yellow, which turns into a silvery shade near the head and belly.
On the side, along the whole body, there passes a dark strip, which, when light hits it, begins to cast a blue sheen.
The fins are transparent with a yellowish tinge. The tail fin has two blades, which are cast in pink.
On the body of the fish there is an interesting pattern, which is formed from dark blurry spots. The back of the sunny barb casts an olive color, the sides are painted green with a golden sheen. The body shape of the males is quite elegant and they have a brighter color.
In addition, a golden-red stripe runs along the side of the males. The females have a rounded abdomen and they are slightly larger than the males.
The side strip on the body of the female is golden-red.
Sunny b Arbus is considered a peace-loving aquarium fish that you need to keep a flock. As neighbors to it you need to pick up other small peaceful aquarium fish, for example: wedge-spattered rasbor, red and blue neons, danios, minors, ornatuses. To make fish feel comfortable, it is better to acquire a flock, in which there should be from 5 to 10 individuals.
Otherwise, solitary individuals may become fearful and will tend to hide in the thickets of aquarium grass.
For the maintenance of the solar barbus you need to have a closed aquarium with a length of 40 centimeters. The water temperature in it should be within 18 – 22 degrees Celsius. Filtration and aeration is a must.
These fish prefer medium water hard and soft peat. Be sure to once a week you will need to change the water in the aquarium. Aqua light should be diffused and moderate.
Also take into account the fact that you can fully reveal the beauty of coloring the body of a fish only if you choose the right lighting fixtures.
In the aquarium with barbs must be present shelter, dense thickets of long-stemmed plants (valisneria, cabomba, ambulia, lyudvigiya). But do not forget to leave enough space for your pets to swim. In food, fish is not picky and eats almost everything: a hydrobiont gladly eats both dry food and small live food.
In addition, he eats the lower plants (algae), which appeared on the walls of the aquarium and on the leaves of aquatic plants.
The solar barb becomes mature at the age of 10 months. Experienced aquarists faced certain problems when breeding, because the offspring obtained from one brood of these fish may lose the ability to further reproduction over time.
Based on this feature, it is better to select mature parents, whose age is about two years.
The following aquarium plants are suitable as a spawning substrate: hygrophilous, seeded, cryptocoryne of petch and lyudvigiya. A couple of males and one female are selected for spawning.
Before planting fish for spawning, they are kept apart for a week or one and a half and actively fed with live food. The spawning volume should be of a volume of 10 liters with a water level in it of 15 centimeters with a slight aeration.
The water temperature in the spawning should be within 24 – 26 degrees, the water hardness is about 5 dH and the active response of the medium is 6 – 6.5 pH.
During one spawning, the female can sweep aside up to hundreds of eggs. At the end of spawning, parents should be removed from the spawning aquarium, followed by a decrease in the water level in the spawning ground to 10 centimeters. The incubation period for caviar is 4 – 5 days.
After 4 days the fry are already able to swim and feed themselves. Starter feed for fry: sifted plankton, live dust, nauplii of Artemia and Cyclops.