maintenance, care, compatibility
Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video
This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!
Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.
Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.
Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.
Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.
Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.
Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones. The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties.
Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.
Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.
But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.
The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright.
Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”
Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump.
The pump is needed to create a flow imitation. Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.
In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years.
For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty. They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.
The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space.
It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts. Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous.
With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.
The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes.
The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.
Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.
If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.
Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:
Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size – it can reach 9 cm.
Her stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.
Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of the body.
Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging.
In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.
Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference – this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.
Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.
Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.
Barbusses, or barbs (lat. Barbus) – ray-finned fishes, belong to the family Karpovye. There are several dozens of species in the wild environment, the distribution area is Africa and Southeast Asia.
They can be described as small and mobile fish, with body size from 5 to 30 cm in length. Nowadays, aquarium fish barbs are common, which were caught in natural waters, or bred on fish farms.
There are also breeds of barbs, bred by breeding. Less common are large barbs. All species have Weber apparatus, thanks to which the fish have a sharp ear.
It is possible to breed them in captivity with great success.
It is believed that these fish have a peaceful nature, but this is not entirely true. With the wrong settlement in the aquarium, a flock of barbs can show aggression towards their neighbors.
If the fish are disproportionate, do not converge with temperament, then conflicts cannot be avoided. Barbels can destroy small and sluggish fish in the general aquarium.
Even inside the pack there can be fights.
The barbs have a high swimming speed, their character is characterized by activity and mobility. They are always in search of someone or something, they often catch up with each other.
These pets will delight the aquarist, who prefers playful pets. Care and maintenance of them will not cause much trouble, for beginners lovers of home aquariums, barbel are also suitable.
Large types of barbs can become competitors even for large inhabitants of the reservoir. For example, they easily nibble on large cichlid fins, giant gouras, and goldfish.
More than 15 varieties of barbs are widespread in the aquarium business. All species combine similar body parameters: an elongated body, a bilobed tail, antennae over the upper jaw. Females are much larger than males, they are distinguished by a rounded belly.
Males are smaller and brighter in color. Due to possible aggression, the content of all barbel is recommended in a spacious tank with thick plants.
Benefit for the aquarium – collect the remnants of food from the bottom.
The maintenance of small-sized barbs is possible in aquariums with a capacity of 50 liters or more. Barbus easily adapt to different temperature ranges, able to transfer 17oS. The best water temperature for them is from 19 to 25 degrees.
Acceptable acidity: 6.5-7.5 pH, hardness – 4-10o. They love the “old” water, and fast flow, which will help to create aeration or pump.
Water filtration is required, as well as weekly replacement of 20% of water with fresh.
Watch a video with tips on keeping barbs.
Small varieties of barbs live in flocks of 5-7 individuals. Lifespan in captivity: 3-5 years.
Larger species (shark, hazel-shaped, arulyus, filamentosis, osteobram and others) can live alone or in pairs, and live, respectively, longer – up to 10 years. Care for small species is simple, for large ones is more difficult.
As the soil for aquariums with barbs, it is better to choose dark sand or gravel. On the background of dark soil color scales issued more brightly. Plants should be planted closely, leaving space in the central part of the tank for free swimming.
Plants can serve as shelters and scenery. It is not recommended to run a mustache into a Dutch aquarium – there the fish will quickly destroy the plants with fragile leaves and stalks, dig them together with the roots.
In the reservoir where the barbs live, you can plant stiff-leaved anubias, cryptocoryne, vallyseria, arrowhead, elodea, echinodorus. Also floating plants and mosses: Thai and Javanese moss, hornolisnik, perististiknik, nayas, moss fontinalis.
They will give shelter to small fishes, and floating types will shade a reservoir – too bright light frightens small fishes.
The aquarium should be closed with a lid. Caring for fish requires close attention – they are bouncy and easily fall on the floor even during feeding.
If you have a small aquarium (50-60 cm in length, up to 100 liters), then it may contain small species, the dimensions of which do not exceed 5 cm in length. It looks like this: yellow Barbus, oligolepis, pink barbel, Schubert fish, cherry Barbus, striped Barbus.
There are also medium-sized species, they should be placed in more spacious containers: these are Sumatran barbs, fire barbs, black, gold, barilioids, bimaculatus, capital canus, eugrammus and others. Their body sizes reach 7-8 cm.
For an aquarium more than 100 cm in length and with a volume of more than 200 liters large barbs will fit (15-30 cm in length). Caring for the Everett, Schwanenfeld barbs, red-cheeked, bream-like, Denison, shark ball will not be so simple, but some representatives of large barbel have a peaceful and friendly behavior, unlike their small counterparts.
Sumatran barbus breeding content description photo video.
COCK-AQUARIUS BEAUTY CARE SPREAD CONTENT PHOTO VIDEO.
Sumatran Barbus video
BARBUS-CARE, BREEDING, DESCRIPTION, COMPATIBILITY, SPREAD, PHOTO.
Barbus Clown: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 0С.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Compatible Barbus Clown: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.
In nature, the Barbus clown lives in slow-flowing bodies of water in Southeast Asia.
At the clown barb the body is elongated in length, the profile of the back is more curved than the belly, the lateral line is full. Mouth final with 2 pairs of antennae. The tail fin is two-bladed.
Color barbus body: back from slightly orange to reddish-brown, side is lighter. On the body are black and blue oval spots. Fins from pale red to deep red.
As a rule, the male is brighter and smaller than the female; before spawning, the female is very stout. Under natural conditions it grows up to 14 cm, at home no more than 10 cm.
Barbus clown is mobile, jumping and relatively “peace-loving” fish. It is comfortable to keep it in a group of 6-7 individuals. Different types of fish can be neighbors, except for slow-moving fish and fish with wide and long fins.
This species of fish is kept in the middle and lower layers of water.
Barbus clown is contained in an aquarium with a length of at least 80 cm with a muted, diffused lighting. In the aquarium should be overgrown plants (at the edges and at the back wall), various shelters (stones, snags) and free space for swimming.
Water parameters for the optimal content of clown barb: hardness 6 – 100, pH 6.5-7.5, temperature 24 – 28 0С. Powerful filtration is required (it is advisable to use a biofilter), aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water.
Food for Barbus clown – live (bloodworm, daphnia, coretra, occasionally tubule), vegetable (algae, scalded lettuce, spinach and dandelion) and dry flaky food. With a lack of plant food barbus clown begins to eat around the soft leaves of plants.
Puberty at the clown barbus comes at the age of 1-1.5 years.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Barbus clown video
General information about the barbs
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia.
Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other.
Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums.
Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water.
Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces.
Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter.
Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them.
Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.
Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters.
The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required.
The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium.
Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening.
Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs.
After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died.
After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry.
When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism.
With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.
When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Barbus green: content compatibility dilution feeding photo.
In the aquarist slang there is such a word as “barbusyatnik”, which means a fresh-water home aquarium, where mostly barbs live – small fish with various colors. It’s time to get to know them better.