Hello colleagues! In today’s article we will talk with you about an interesting representative of the carp family and it is called Barbus Panda.
This aquarium is from Southeast India. Barbus lives in reservoirs densely overgrown with aquatic vegetation.
This fish appeared relatively recently in European aquariums, although aquarists knew about it for a long time.
Externally, the hero of our today’s article is very similar to his companion barbus melanampyx , but unlike the relative, the Panda has larger sizes and there are no reddish and purple shades in the coloring. The body is elongated with a curved back.
At the edges of the mouth there are small antennae. The tail is two-bladed and transparent.
Males are pearl colored with a red tint, and there are large black spots along the body. Also on the body of the fish there are transverse stripes.
Males have fins of a reddish shade. In females, the color is more modest, on the body you can notice a yellowish and whitish tint.
The same stripes and spots in females are not as bright as those of the male. Under natural conditions, the fish grows up to 15 centimeters in length, but in aquarium conditions its size is noticeably more modest – only 7-10 centimeters.
Barbus Panda is considered to be a peaceful representative of carp, which gets along without problems with the same peace-loving neighbors. Ornatus, minors, cardinals, pearl gouras, red and blue neons can be used as neighbors.
Ideally, Pandas should be kept in aquariums with dense vegetation, which can be achieved by planting long-stemmed plants (spiral vallisneria, cabombou, ambulia, ludwigiyu, hygrophilous, multi-seeded), as well as low-growing plants (cryptocoryne Wendt, anubias barter, anubias-asparas and anubias asparas, etc.
If you keep a small fish in a small aquarium, keep in mind that males can attack females. In aquariums, large volumes of this behavior were not observed. It is optimal to contain a barb Panda in small flocks of 8-10 individuals, among which the majority should be females.
If you keep the fish alone in the whole tank, it will eventually become shy and sedentary. Fish prefers to stay in the middle and lower layers of the aquarium.
When you organize the interior of your aquarium, be sure to leave enough space for swimming and plant lush thickets of aquarium plants along the edges of the aqua. There is a controversial point about the ground, as in some sources it is advised to use fine sand.
I have never advised my readers, and I will not advise using fine sand as a substrate, since it will turn sour.
The aquarium water in the Panda Bar should have a water temperature of 24-26 degrees, a hardness of 7-9 dH, and an acidity in the range of 6-7 pH. Water must be well aerated and filtered from mechanical suspensions. Make sure that in the aquarium does not accumulate organic matter in excess, otherwise it is fraught with the development of algae.
Optimally, of course, equip your aquarium with good biological filtration.
Aquarium lighting should be diffused and not very bright. In order to create a sense of muffled lighting, floating aquatic plants can be placed in an aquarium with Panda (pistis, Riccia, and a Guadalupe, Caroline Azolla). The fact is that the bright light in the aquarium strongly irritates the fish and they become very fearful.
But the panda does not complain about the lack of appetite and perfectly eats daphnia, bloodworm, strawberry, cortex, as well as food of plant origin (scalded spinach, dandelion leaves and lettuce). You can also vary the diet of fish with good dry food in the form of flakes.
Panda reaches sexual maturity at 9 months of age. I would like to note that in this species of barbs, females have low productivity, and moreover, males are aggressively disposed towards their ladies.
For successful breeding pandas you need an aquarium with a length of 50 centimeters, where it is imperative to place javanese moss and a separator net.
To spawn several pairs of barbs, you need an aquarium with dimensions of 50 × 45×50. Such an aquarium volume will minimize the snooty habits of males.
The water temperature in the spawning tank should be at least 26 degrees and the acidity should not exceed 6.5 pH. Water hardness also should not be high, preferably not more than 10 dH.
Caviar will be incubated for about one and a half days. At the expiration of the incubation period, fry will appear from the eggs with a yolk sac, which enables them to eat for a long time at the expense of it.
The transition from larvae to fry begins 4 days after spawning. From this point on, the fry already swim independently around the aquarium and they can already begin to give nauplii Artemia and Cyclops. The more live food in their diet, the faster the young grow.
In order to adapt the fry to the conditions of the general aquarium, from the second week of the fry’s life, small amounts of tap water can be added to the spawning farm.