maintenance, care, compatibility
Barbusses, or barbs (lat. Barbus) – ray-finned fishes, belong to the family Karpovye. There are several dozens of species in the wild environment, the distribution area is Africa and Southeast Asia.
They can be described as small and mobile fish, with body size from 5 to 30 cm in length. Nowadays, aquarium fish barbs are common, which were caught in natural waters, or bred on fish farms. There are also breeds of barbs, bred by breeding.
Less common are large barbs. All species have Weber apparatus, thanks to which the fish have a sharp ear.
It is possible to breed them in captivity with great success.
It is believed that these fish have a peaceful nature, but this is not entirely true. With the wrong settlement in the aquarium, a flock of barbs can show aggression towards their neighbors.
If the fish are disproportionate, do not converge with temperament, then conflicts cannot be avoided. Barbels can destroy small and sluggish fish in the general aquarium.
Even inside the pack there can be fights.
The barbs have a high swimming speed, their character is characterized by activity and mobility. They are always in search of someone or something, they often catch up with each other.
These pets will delight the aquarist, who prefers playful pets. Care and maintenance of them will not cause much trouble, for beginners lovers of home aquariums, barbel are also suitable.
Large types of barbs can become competitors even for large inhabitants of the reservoir. For example, they easily nibble on large cichlid fins, giant gouras, and goldfish.
More than 15 varieties of barbs are widespread in the aquarium business. All species combine similar body parameters: an elongated body, a bilobed tail, antennae over the upper jaw. Females are much larger than males, they are distinguished by a rounded belly.
Males are smaller and brighter in color. Due to possible aggression, the content of all barbel is recommended in a spacious tank with thick plants.
Benefit for the aquarium – collect the remnants of food from the bottom.
The maintenance of small-sized barbs is possible in aquariums with a capacity of 50 liters or more. Barbus easily adapt to different temperature ranges, able to transfer 17oS.
The best water temperature for them is from 19 to 25 degrees. Acceptable acidity: 6.5-7.5 pH, hardness – 4-10o. They love the “old” water, and fast flow, which will help to create aeration or pump.
Water filtration is required, as well as weekly replacement of 20% of water with fresh.
Watch a video with tips on keeping barbs.
Small varieties of barbs live in flocks of 5-7 individuals. Lifespan in captivity: 3-5 years.
Larger species (shark, hazel-shaped, arulyus, filamentosis, osteobram and others) can live alone or in pairs, and live, respectively, longer – up to 10 years. Care for small species is simple, for large ones is more difficult.
As the soil for aquariums with barbs, it is better to choose dark sand or gravel. On the background of dark soil color scales issued more brightly. Plants should be planted closely, leaving space in the central part of the tank for free swimming.
Plants can serve as shelters and scenery. It is not recommended to run a mustache into a Dutch aquarium – there the fish will quickly destroy the plants with fragile leaves and stalks, dig them together with the roots.
In the reservoir where the barbs live, you can plant stiff-leaved anubias, cryptocoryne, vallyseria, arrowhead, elodea, echinodorus. Also floating plants and mosses: Thai and Javanese moss, hornolisnik, perististiknik, nayas, moss fontinalis.
They will give shelter to small fishes, and floating types will shade a reservoir – too bright light frightens small fishes.
The aquarium should be closed with a lid. Caring for fish requires close attention – they are bouncy and easily fall on the floor even during feeding. If you have a small aquarium (50-60 cm in length, up to 100 liters), then it may contain small species, the dimensions of which do not exceed 5 cm in length.
It looks like this: yellow Barbus, oligolepis, pink barbel, Schubert fish, cherry Barbus, striped Barbus. There are also medium-sized species, they should be placed in more spacious containers: these are Sumatran barbs, fire barbs, black, gold, barilioids, bimaculatus, capital canus, eugrammus and others.
Their body sizes reach 7-8 cm.
For an aquarium more than 100 cm in length and with a volume of more than 200 liters large barbs will fit (15-30 cm in length). Caring for the Everett, Schwanenfeld barbs, red-cheeked, bream-like, Denison, shark ball will not be so simple, but some representatives of large barbel have a peaceful and friendly behavior, unlike their small counterparts.
Barbus are omnivorous fish. They can be fed with live foods (tubule, daphnia, bloodworm, cyclop, artemia), frozen and dry. You can give branded feed in the form of tablets and granules.
Adults should be given food with plant ingredients, otherwise the fish will destroy the plants in the aquarium. They love cucumbers, zucchini, lettuce, dandelion leaves, spinach, wolfia.
Feeding 2 times a day in small portions. Overeating is harmful to health.
Barbus: compatibility is possible with quick, active fish, able to stand up for themselves. Botsiya clown, gourami, large tetra, sometimes – swordtails quite get along with these fish. With long-fledged neighbors can not live.
Goldfish, their relatives, will also suffer. Minor representatives of the underwater world – minors, rasbora, neons, catfish corridor, thorns, mollies, guppies will not work.
See how to breed Sumatran barbs.
Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video
This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!
Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.
Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.
Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.
Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.
Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.
Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones.
The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties. Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.
Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.
But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.
The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright.
Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”
Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump.
The pump is needed to create a flow imitation. Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.
In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years. For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty.
They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.
The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space.
It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts. Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous.
With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.
The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes.
The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.
Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.
If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.
Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:
Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size – it can reach 9 cm.
Her stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.
Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of the body.
Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging.
In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.
Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference – this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.
Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.
Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.
Barbus – killing fish, representatives of the genus Barbusov. Natural habitat – Africa and Southeast Asia.
There are several dozen species of these fish that lead the pack way of life. The average size of small fish is 4-8 cm.
Sometimes endemics caught in natural water bodies can be seen on the market, and they easily adapt to a home aquarium. Some adults grow large, 12 cm or more in size.
The opinion is widespread, their compatibility in an artificial reservoir is possible with other fishes. Indeed, some aquarists are not afraid to settle them with gourami, guppies, swordtails, and even cichlids.
However, the school of barbs is able to intimidate and show aggression towards neighbors, sometimes destroying them physically. Yes, and among themselves they get along not without resistance – these fish are active, nimble and will not miss theirs.
Barbs growing in length of 10-12 cm are classified as large species. Among them: arulius, Everett, red-cheeked barb, African barbs.
Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with cichlids, freshwater sharks and catfish. Medium and small barbs reach a length of 5-6 cm in the aquarium.
These include Sumatran, five-lane, green, ruled, oligolepis barb.
They are united by a cheerful disposition and a high level of activity in the water, so they are recommended for breeding in glass tanks. Get on with other fish of similar size, but not with slow. Snooty character – fish with long and veiled fins pluck, depriving those of a beautiful appearance.
For them it is better to choose a spacious rectangular aquarium, where there will be enough space for swimming. Shelters are also important – stones, snags and plants, but in a certain amount – they are not needed much for schooling fish.
6-7 fish should be acquired immediately to avoid stress and conflict situations.
Look at the aquarium with Sumatran barbs in the company with scalar scalar and ordinary.
A signal of unfavorable conditions in an aquarium may indicate a strange position of the fish – when they do not lie at an angle of 45 degrees head down (as during rest), but at a greater angle.
Quickly swim in the pond, are constantly in motion, play among themselves, catch up with each other. They live not very peacefully, they will compete with even aggressive species of fish.
Therefore, it is necessary to carefully and carefully choose their neighbors.
Before allowing other fish to approach them, it is necessary to check their compatibility in the aquarium. As you know, these teasers are not averse to fighting or pinching their neighbors, it may be fun for them, but for others it is a big fright.
To resist the barbs, fish have to gather in large flocks, and the nature of these “competitors” must be strong, not fearful. Only under such conditions can provocations be avoided.
Often, barbs of different types are settled in one nursery, so as not to risk unsuccessful sharing.
If you want to pick up the fish on the similarity of color and temperament, avoid the neighborhood with slow-moving fish. For example, Sumatran barbs look good with clown fights – they have a similar scale color and similar habitat.
Proven compatibility between barbs and other species of fish with which they live peacefully, these are small fish:
Fishes of different types require a large space for keeping. When flocks of different species of fish are found in a small aquarium, territorial and personal conflicts begin.
Big mistake novice aquarists – sharing the barbs to the peaceful viviparous fish in a small tank.
Look at the Sumatran barbs along with the green labo.
Guppies do not belong to those types of fish that can be hooked to active fish. There were cases when the latter attacked guppies, even an increase in the number of males did not help.
We have to settle these species in separate nurseries, saving them life and health.
Swordtails have large and lush fins, to which the barbs are not indifferent. A big plus of the swordmen is high mobility and activity in the reservoir.
A chase may occur, and the barbs will surrender. But in order for the neighborhood to be successful, you should follow several rules:
- Do not keep too small aquarium: there should be enough space for everyone in it, be sure to plant water plants in it. Large space will allow barbs to frolic.
- Move to the swordtail barbs of different types. This is to prevent aggression. Representatives of different species will begin to sort things out among themselves, without disturbing other fish.
- Barbs have no sense of proportion – having bitten a fish once, a predator wakes up in them. They will not lag behind the victim, and may ultimately destroy the creature. This happens when the supposedly active swordtail is calm and slow.
- Swordtails will not show aggression to the barbs, if they will have enough food and shelter. Subject to the rules, all fish can cohabit peacefully and without conflict.