In aquaria spread over 60 species of barbs. Barbus fiery – a popular inhabitant of aquariums due to unpretentiousness and bright appearance.
It is also referred to as pink or red barb, fiery puntius.
The fire fish lives in the rivers and lakes of India, Australia and New Zealand. Artificially derived the veil and neon forms of the bar of fire.
Subspecies are able to interbreed and produce offspring.
The oblong body of the barb is from pale gold to red. It grows up to 10 cm.
The scales shimmer in the light, outwardly resembling a flame. The back is greenish, the abdomen of males is red, the fins are translucent with dark edging.
Near the tail there is a dark point.
Puntiusov can not be called innocuous. Fiery barbs bite along the veil and threadlike fins of other aquarium fish.
Barbusy are mobile and cheerful. Feel good in a flock of 6 individuals.
The fiery inhabitants of the aquarium live up to 5 years.
Fire Puntius suitable for beginners as the first fish. There are no special requirements for the maintenance of barbs, it is only important to provide cool water.
To keep a flock of 6 individuals, select an aquarium from 80 liters. The cover is obligatory so that the fire Puntius will not jump out of the water. Place shelters and decorations:
|Water temperature||16–24 degrees|
Change up to 25% water and siphon the soil weekly. Barbs have a content feature: they need a moderate flow.
Create a movement of water can filter flow.
Place the plants in the corners of the aquarium and in the background. Pick up small-leaved species, as the wide leaves will be plucked:
At the bottom you can place:
If the primer is artificially colored, make sure that the dye is non-toxic. Choose a dark substrate: fiery barbs stand out against its background, and the dark ground does not reflect light, does not cause discomfort in fish.
Do not do without a filter and aerator. The heater is not required if the room is not lower than 20 degrees. Equip the aquarium with a thermometer to monitor the temperature.
In hot weather, cool the water with ice packs and increase aeration.
Create moderate lighting in the aquarium. The length of daylight hours is not more than 12 hours. The beauty of the fire scales of Puntius is revealed in the sunlight.
Remember that the sun’s rays provoke the reproduction of algae, so their impact should be no more than 1-2 hours per day.
The diet of omnivorous fish should contain:
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Plant foods should be served once a week. In addition to dry food, give live fish or frozen fish of fire.
Feed your pet several times a day in small portions. Food should be eaten in a couple of minutes.
Strengthen the color will help special food for barbs.
The barbs have good compatibility with active fish without long fins. The water parameters for fire barbs must match the parameters for other fish. For living in the same aquarium with fire Puntius suitable:
For a successful breeding of fiery barbs, prepare a spawn with a volume of 30 liters or more. Place java moss and separator net on the bottom.
Barbs can breed when they grow up to 6 cm, then it is possible to determine the sex of the fish. Females are paler, rounder and shorter than males.
The color of the males to spawn becomes more colorful.
Feed fish with a high protein content one week before breeding. Make frequent water changes and increase the temperature a couple of degrees.
Place the spawn male and 1-2 females. Spawning begins in the morning.
The female throws up to 200 eggs that fall under the net. Set aside producers in the general aquarium so that the progeny is not threatened.
After 2 days, the larvae will hatch from the roe, which will swim independently in another 2 days.
Fire puntiusy are ill because of the wrong conditions and poor care.
Poisoning occurs with rare water changes and overpopulation. The pet has red gills, it prevails in the upper layers of water, breathing rapidly. Check how high the level of hazardous substances in the water tests.
Improve aeration and substitute fresh water with similar parameters. Control the population in the aquarium, it may be necessary to transfer several individuals to another tank.
Parasites are entered with unprocessed live food. Treat with fenbendazole or piperazine mixed with food or in a medical bath.
The disease is characterized by an enlarged abdomen. Change 25% of water every other day, serve high-quality food.
Add antibacterial agents to water.
White dots appear on the body and fins. Treat ichthyophthiriosis with drugs from the pet store.
Treatment is accompanied by fever and increased aeration. It is possible to prevent the introduction of the disease into the aquarium by keeping new fish on a 3-week quarantine.
The diseased individual loses its appetite, is distinguished by depressed behavior. The fins are damaged and at the final stages are completely destroyed.
Treat the disease with salt baths.
Lack of oxygen occurs at high temperatures, overcrowding, or poor aeration. Check the quality and parameters of water tests.
Determine the cause of oxygen starvation and take measures: cool the water and turn off the lamp, replace part of the water, or in case of lack of equipment responsible for aeration, purchase it.
Aquarists have noticed the tendency of barbs to bite off plants and fins to small fishes. For many, the complex nature is compensated by the beauty and unpretentiousness of the pet.
The average price of a fiery barb is 100–130 rubles. Neon and veil varieties are a bit more expensive.
There are fish similar to the fiery Puntius, for example, the golden barb (puntius semifasciolatus). The fish is bred artificially and has a similar rich golden color.