The cross barbus, the scientific name of Puntius lateristriga, belongs to the Cyprin family. Given the size of the adult, a large aquarium is required for successful maintenance, which is probably the only serious disadvantage of this type of barbus.
The homeland of the species is Southeast Asia, the territory of modern states of Indonesia, Thailand and numerous islands (Java, Sumatra) and the archives of the South China Sea. Predominantly lives in pure forest streams, often found in small basins that form at the base of waterfalls. The substrate consists of smooth stones and boulders of various sizes, coarse sand or gravel with rich aquatic vegetation and numerous fragments of trees (roots, branches, snags, etc.).
The cross barbus was also found in peat bogs, a high concentration of tannin colored these waters in a rich dark brown color, reminiscent of strong tea.
Requirements and conditions:
- The volume of the aquarium – from 300 liters. Temperature – 18–24 ° C pH value – 6.0–7.0 Water hardness – soft (1-10 dH) Substrate type – coarse sand, small pebbles / gravel Lighting – muffled Brackish water – no Water movement – moderate
- Size – 13-15 cm. Meals – any variety
Behavior: active fish. Young people keep flocks (4 fish), and adults are more lonely. Recommended content in small groups of at least 8-12 individuals.
With the danger of fish trying to dig into the ground.
Character: peaceful, shy. They like to bully smaller fish.
Water area: middle and lower layers of water.
Can contain with: fish of the same size.
You can not keep with: fish with voile fins.
Contain barber lateristrig can afford people who have a really big aquarium. Unlike the same green barb, cross barbus requires even more space, for one fish accounts for 20 liters of water from the total volume, and given that this fish leads the schooling life, then for a flock of 6-8 individuals, an aquarium of 150 liters is needed.
When keeping the pack Cross it is necessary to try so that the number of females and males is equal or with the predominance of females, this will reduce the aggression of males in relation to each other. As neighbors fit any peaceful active fish of the same size. A few words about the parameters of water: temperature t = 23˚- 27˚ C, hardness dH = 5-15, acidity pH = 6.0-7.5.
Replace the water weekly for 30% -50% of the total water in the aquarium. Aeration and filtration are required, at least 12 hours a day.
The soil in the aquarium is best used sand with the presence of large stones. Plants need to plant hard-leaved, so that the fish did not eat them.
Cross barbus committed not whimsical in the matter of nutrition and perfectly eats both standard live and frozen food (bloodworm, daphnia, cyclops) and alternatives with which we are accustomed to go fishing (maggots and ringed worms). You can feed dry food, but not constantly and do not abuse.
Blanched leaves of lettuce, dandelion and nettle are great as a herbal supplement, boiled grits can also be added occasionally.
Fish breeding: in aquariums is associated with certain difficulties. Spawning nesting (one male and two females). Fish are seated for 2-3 weeks and richly fed with live and vegetable food.
Frequent water changes in large volumes and temperature increases stimulate spawning. Spawning volume of 100 liters and a length of at least 70-100 cm. The water level is up to 40 cm, a separator net and several small-leaf bushes are placed at the bottom.
Natural lighting, poor aeration, filtration (using airlift filter with a sponge). Water parameters: dH 6-12 °, pH 6.8-7.2, T 26-28 ° C.
Fish are spawned in the evening, and spawning begins in the morning. Duration of spawning is about an hour.
After spawning, up to 50% of the volume of water is replaced, and the aquarium itself is replaced.
Gender differences: the male is slimmer, brighter colored, his dorsal fin is dense red at the base.
Puberty: comes at the age of 11-15 months.
Number of caviar: up to 500 colorless or light yellow eggs.
Incubation period: up to 2 days.
Progeny: fry swim at 4-5 days. While the fry are growing, they substitute up to 10% of water every day.
Growth rate: with an abundance of feed – fast. By two months grow to 2 cm.
Feeding fry: starter feed – “live dust”, then – nauplii of crustaceans, small daphnids, micro-cherries, and even later – small cyclops.
Departure from parents: after spawning manufacturers are sifted out.
With age, not only the drawing in the form of a cross, but the strips themselves also disappear from the body. cross barb and become practically invisible.