maintenance, care, compatibility
Compatibility barbs with other fish in the aquarium
Barbus are considered one of the most interesting and beautiful species of aquarium fish. Their main distinguishing feature is the liveliness of character and some aggressiveness. Therefore, to keep them in one aquarium can be far from all the fish.
On the peculiarities of the behavior of these beauties and their compatibility with other residents of the home “underwater corner” and talk later in the article.
Very good for such fish as Sumatran barbs, compatibility with rireo danyushkami. According to the behavior of the latter are similar to neons. However, they are not so whimsical and timid, and also practically not subject to stress.
Therefore, do not die from the smallest trifle. In addition, the decorative qualities of the aquarium will benefit from such a neighborhood.
The transverse strips of the Sumatran beauties are very well combined with the longitudinal danios.
The compatibility of barbs with other fish is beyond doubt even in the case of representatives of the haracin ones. These can be, for example, ornatus, minors, thorns or strestells.
Like cichlids, do not touch the barbs of all sorts of catfish. They also get along well with active swordtails. Being by nature a little aggressive, the latter, most likely, will not give offense to themselves.
The same applies to gourami and parrots.
The above varieties may well be very good neighbors for the barbs. However, most often in aquariums – for a change – they plant at the same time just their various varieties. The barbs of Sumatran, fiery, cherry, green, etc., get along quite well together.
Aquarium fish barbs, whose compatibility with other species, as we found out, largely depends on the conditions of housing and cultivation, despite their simplicity, they still require compliance with certain rules of care. Experts recommend:
- Keep them only in flocks.
- Be sure to plant in the aquarium more plants. They should be one of the sources of oxygen required barbs.
- The minimum volume of the aquarium for varieties of small size (Sumatran, “mutants”, etc.) – 50 liters.
- Be sure to arrange aeration and filtration.
- Barbs eat a lot. Feed them often and in small portions. Food should be as varied as possible. Moth, tubule, cyclops, daphnids are eaten very well by this fish. Dry food is occasionally allowed. Also a good meal for the barbs can be a gruel of cucumber or chopped lettuce. It is possible to judge whether the fish have enough food by the condition of aquarium plants. If they are plucked, then its quantity is not enough.
As already mentioned, the fish is extremely mobile. Therefore, for them it is best to buy an aquarium, strongly elongated in length. The composition of the water for these fish does not play a special role.
Unpretentiousness can be attributed to one of their main characteristics. Therefore, the compatibility of barbs with other fish, just as undemanding, quite active and not too aggressive is a matter of no doubt.
Who exactly can be podsazhivat them, just below we consider in detail.
Another feature of the barbs is that they love to beat the long fins and tails of their neighbors in the aquarium. It is also necessary to take into account when selecting the inhabitants of your home underwater angle.
It is believed that these two species of fish get along in one aquarium is not too good. However, in fact, in most cases, it all depends on the conditions in this particular aquarium.
If it has a significant volume (at least 100 liters), the cohabitation of these two types of fish is possible. But then, when there are not too many barbs in the aquarium, and the scalars are big enough. However, even under such conditions, the latter must be pushed in carefully.
The first time the behavior of the fish you need to watch. Most likely, the angelfish from the aquarium will soon have to be removed.
The danger for them will be less in the event that they put in the aquarium first, and already a little later, add some barbs. In this case, the scalars will feel on their territory. Active whales will also have to get used to it.
Peaceful relations also depend on the age at which barbs and scalars were acquired. Compatibility of fish in the event that they grew up together, many aquarists no doubt.
Guppies – perhaps the most favorite aquarists and popular fish. Therefore, the question of whether it is possible to keep barbs together with them is quite logical. In fact, this neighborhood usually does not end well.
Guppies, seated to the barbs, will most likely be driven to death. In the same case, if the fish have grown together, with them, of course, nothing will happen.
However, the owners of the aquarium will hardly be able to admire the beautiful guppy fins.
As mentioned above, barbs and neons, the compatibility of which is also in doubt, get along well if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium. The same goes for guppes.
Planted in the aquarium more vallisnerium, kambob, water ferns, etc., and they will be where to hide from annoying striped or green neighbors.
In this case, a good neighborly relations aquarist also should not be expected. And this time it’s not about the barbs.
Cichlids are perhaps the most aggressive of all fish intended for domestic breeding in aquariums. They do not get along with almost anyone. The only fish they don’t touch are bottom somiki of various kinds.
One can only try to keep together adult barbs and young cichlids. After the last ones grow up, it is best to remove them from the aquarium.
Even being well acquainted with the local barbs, adult cichlids will not miss the opportunity to become the absolute masters of the territory.
Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video
This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!
Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.
Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.
Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.
Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.
Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.
Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones. The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties.
Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.
Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.
But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.
The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”.
The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright. Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs.
Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”
Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump.
The pump is needed to create a flow imitation. Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.
In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years. For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty.
They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.
The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space. It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts.
Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous. With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.
Barbusses are a genus of carp fish. Another name for representatives of this genus is barbel, since almost all individuals have antennae on each side of the edge of the mouth.
There are many varieties in nature, but 12–15 are used as ornamental fish for domestic aquariums. A common characteristic of all these carps is a flat laterally torso shaped like an oval.
Experts believe: if you conduct some monitoring on the maintenance of barbs, then we can distinguish 6-7 of the most common types in domestic and foreign aquariums.
In aquariums with a volume of 200 liters and more, shark barb (Latin name Balantiocheilus melanopterus) looks great.
A large representative of the carp genus (20–25 cm) was given this name due to its fins, which resemble sharks a little.
These fish and voracious, like sharks. Despite their rather serious appearance, they are shy and cautious.
It is difficult for fish to get along with aggressive neighbors, but they feel good with other barbs or with guppies, for example.
These carp can be easily recognized not only by the size and shape of the body, but also by the color of the scales. No, it cannot be called bright, but because of the silvery shade, an original mirror effect is created.
Almost like mirror carp. Two individuals in a spacious aquarium look great, eclipsing their appearance of all other fish.
Unfortunately, in domestic domestic freshwater bodies, Balantiocheilus melanopterus is quite rare. This is due to the fact that there are no decorative varieties of this species; Carp “sharks” fall into the trading network of natural reservoirs of Southeast Asia.
Barbus black content breeding description photo compatibility.
SHARK BALA CONTENT BREEDING DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY FEEDING
BARBUS-LEAVING REPLACEMENT DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO VIDEO
Barbus – unpretentious and spectacular inhabitants of aquariums
Barbusses are very popular with aquarists around the world because of their unpretentiousness, decoration and liveliness of character. One of the most common inhabitants of aquariums is the Sumatran barb.
It belongs to the carp family. Natural habitat – the waters of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
In Europe, the barbus first appeared in 1935, but Russian aquarists got acquainted with this type of aquarium fish only in 1946.
In nature, the Sumatran or tiger barb reaches 5-6 cm in length, even the record size of this fish was registered – 7 cm in length. But with the aquarium content they rarely reach such sizes, as a rule, aquarium barbs do not grow more than 4 cm.
Moreover, the size of the females of these fish significantly exceeds the modest dimensions of males.
For the barbat of Sumatran characteristic common golden-pink color. At the same time, their backs are darker, of a reddish tint, and the belly is colored in yellowish-white tones.
On the sides of the body are four, and in some species even five vertical black stripes that pass through the eye and immediately behind the pectoral fin, and also behind the dorsal fin and at the beginning of the fish’s tail. The dorsal fin is usually black, fringed with a bright red stripe, the other fins are pink or red.
The males of barbs are much brighter than the females, the red tint on the fins is richer and juicier. I must say that in natural habitat color of the fish of this species is rather pale.
Thanks to the breeders of this species of fish can boast a much more diverse and vibrant color.
Caring for the barbs is quite simple. They are not too demanding on the purity of water and to feed. But for normal maintenance, good filtration and regular water changes are necessary.
It is desirable to change weekly about a quarter of the volume of the aquarium. The most favorable water temperature for barbs is 21-23 ° C.
Fish like thickets, especially they prefer small-leaved plants, such as cabomba or myriophyllum. Although almost all types of barbs, ranging from gold and ending with such a curious representative of these fish, like the mutant barb, are not too sensitive to the composition of the water and the presence of oxygen in it, if you notice that the fish swim at the very surface upside down, this should be for you a signal for urgent water changes.
Do aquarists never have problems than to feed the barbs. All representatives are distinguished by a rare gluttony, and any kind of them – red barb, flaky and all other species – are happy to eat any live or artificial food.
But for their benefit, vegetable foods must be included in the diet – lettuce leaves or dried seaweed. The usual behavior of the barbs is very lively, they swim briskly, holding onto the flock. Sometimes one of the fish can be huddled in the corner of the aquarium and hang there upside down for a long time.
Do not be afraid of this, this behavior is absolutely normal for this type of fish.
Barbus do not belong to predators, but they can not be called very peaceful and friendly fish. They perceive the fry as food, so the youngsters cannot be kept in the aquarium with barbs. It is not necessary to put in a single aquarium and fish with a veil-shaped fins – barbs love to pinch them.
Angelfish also do not belong to those fish with whom the barbs live in harmony. There is a difference in temperament.
The barbs are well-known teasers, they often arrange fights inside their pack. Therefore, experts do not recommend keeping numerous groups of these fish in an aquarium. They fight with fish of other breeds.
Then with whom can you keep in the same aquarium? It will be better if you choose just several types of barbs, for example, fiery with cherry and barbus striped.
If you still want to put in the aquarium and fish of other breeds, the most suitable for this are swordtails, fighters, clown fish, labo, gourami and petilia.
Barbus scarlet content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18 to 28 ° C.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Barbus Scarlet Compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.
Description Barbusv scarlet:
Lives in the waters of India and Sri Lanka. In Europe, was brought in 1903. The scarlet barb got its own name because of the bright coloring of the male during the spawning period.
The trunk of the scarlet barb is elongated, oval in shape, squeezed laterally. Antennae absent. The abdomen is light, the side is silver, the back is grayish-green.
Near the tail and above the pectoral fin there are dark spots ringed with gold. On the body is visible mesh pattern scales.
The scarlet barbus female is larger than the male and is paler colored. Scarlet Barbus – fish calm, gregarious.
It is recommended to buy 6-7 fish at once. Get along well with many other species. The exceptions are fish with wide or long fins, in which barbs can bite off the fins.
Swim in the middle layers of water. To reveal the full and the brightest color, you should select a dark background of the soil and the back wall of the aquarium, as well as the color of the plants. Mandatory upper light is offset to the front wall of the aquarium.
With the content of scarlet barb in the aquarium rarely have problems. This undemanding fish feels good at a temperature of 18 to 28 ° C, the properties of water do not have special significance.
For the maintenance of barbs you need a spacious aquarium, not less than 50 liters, with a large space for swimming and shaded places from floating plants. Aeration and filtration of water are needed, as well as its weekly substitution is desirable.
Scarlet barb in food consumes live and dry food.
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
The hybrid form, derived from the scarlet barb, is considered to be the Odessa barb of a dull greenish-brown color with spotted fins (except the caudal). During spawning in males along the body stretches a bright red stripe.
A close view (according to other data, a subspecies) is the barb tikto capital, which has a bright red dorsal fin with black spots.
Scarlet Barbus photo
General information about the barbs
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia.
Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium.
In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish.
Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters.
Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration.
Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.
Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter.
Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants.
There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed.
For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.
Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled.
No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar.
Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn.
A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling.
The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day.
At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed.
This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast.
Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.
When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Nowadays, more than 200 types of barbs are known, more than 50 are types of barbs that are bred in home aquariums. Distinctive characteristics of fish: there are no teeth in the jaws, instead of them pharyngeal teeth are developed; cycloid scales; many species have antennae over the upper jaw.
There are three kinds of barbs (Barbodes, Capoeta, Puntius). Many aquarian variations come from freshwater bodies of Africa and Southeast Asia.
All species live under the same water conditions: temperature 20-25 ° C, medium hard water and neutral pH. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% of water for fresh and infused.
Some are schooling barbs, others are loners. This feature depends on the size of the fish: large fish can be calm and peaceful, medium and small are more fearful, so they come into conflicts, and do not like sluggish neighbors in the aquarium.
The barbs, which grow in size 10-40 cm in length, are large. They are recommended to be kept in spacious tanks, preferably from 500 liters.
Such fish can live with large catfish, cichlids, freshwater sharks.
Barbus arulius (lat. Barbus arulius) comes from Indian rivers.
The size of the wild arulyus is 14 cm, it reaches a size of 10-12 cm in length in an aquarium. The color of scales in males is bright, there are braided growths on their dorsal fins.
Aroulius is not a very prolific fish, the female brings less than a hundred eggs during spawning. Failed breeding is a consequence of the close spawning and timidity of the producers themselves.
Barbus clown, or Everett (lat. Barbus everetti) – originally from Singapore.
Males of the species are characterized by bright body color. The nature of the peace-loving, slow. Body length – 12 cm.
Prefer warm water: 25-28oS. It is better to spawn in soft water.
Before spawning, the producers are deposited separately on each other for almost 2 years, feeding them with live and vegetable foods. Unsuccessful breeding is also associated with insufficient capacity of the spawning.
Males of this species become mature late – at 1.5-2 years.
Red-cheeked barbus (lat. Barbus orphoides) – originally from Thailand and Indonesia. Fish of this species are found in rivers, lakes and standing bodies of water.
The body length is 25 cm. In the aquarium, they get along well with other large, peaceful fishes. Young red-cheeked barbs have dark spots on their tail fin.
In the aquarium, they practically do not breed, breeding takes place on fish farms and in artificial ponds. Subject to infection with internal parasites, so before settling in the general aquarium, you need to spend 2-3 week quarantine, using prophylactic preparations.
Look at what a red-barred barb looks like.
Barbus Schwanenfeld (lat. Barbus schwanenfeldi) is from Indonesia.
It is an omnivorous species, but in order to maintain the metallic color of scales, it is necessary to feed with carotenoids. Body length 35-40 cm.
Breeding in the aquarium is impossible. Before landing in a common tank, the fish is also put on quarantine.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.
- Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
- You can not put together a predator and prey.
- Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They’ll starve and get stressed.
- The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
- Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of behavior.
- One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other – without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.
So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.
Apistogram dwarf cichlids are popular species of aquarium fish. Photos show that these little fish look like bright tropical butterflies. Apistograms do not need a large amount of aquarium, plants do not damage and are quite calm.
They can be kept with other peaceful fish – sword-bearers, patzilia, guppies, mollies, neons, rassets, tetras, small catfish, barbs. But small shrimp will be happy to eat even dwarf cichlids.
Males apistogramm in a small aquarium will be aggressive to each other, so you can keep a couple or a harem.
Another popular type of aquarium fish is the scalar. These fish are also thermophilic, do not destroy plants. But they will eat up all the small neighbors (neon, rasbor), and the aggressive fish will cut off their beautiful long fins (crests, denison, many types of barbs).
For these reasons, the list of neighbors is small – unhurried gourami, mollies, petilles, cherry barbs, some soma.
The kings of the freshwater aquarium – the discus – are very demanding to the conditions and nutrition of the fish. In addition, the preferred high temperature – 28-31 ° C. Far from all plants and animals can withstand such heat.
They are compatible with discus: catfish tarakatum, clown combat, Ramirezi’s apistogram, red-bearing tetra, red neons. Discus gentle fish, prone to stress and various diseases, so it is better to abandon any neighbors.
As for other types of cichlids, such as the parrot, handsome chromis, labidochromis ellou, black-striped cichlid, astronotus and others, it is difficult to pick up the neighbors. These fish are territorial, aggressive, they need shelter.
They dig the ground, pull out all the plants. Two males in a small volume will constantly conflict, so you can keep them in pairs or harems, with other active fish, able to stand up for themselves.
They are compatible only with other cichlids, and because of intraspecific aggression, it is better to choose neighbors with a different color.
Suitable for beginners and labyrinth aquarium fish. Species of these fish are remarkable in that they need atmospheric air for breathing.
Some labyrinths are pretty jumping, so the aquarium should be covered with a lid, but with an obligatory gap. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants and shelters.
Males of males and macropods are very aggressive towards other males of their own species, therefore they need to be maintained by a harem. Conflicts between males will be with gourami, lyalius. They need a spacious aquarium and several females.
All types of labyrinth females also need shelter in order to hide from harassment during spawning.
Despite the intraspecific aggression, the labyrinths get along well with other peaceful fish – swordtails, petillia, mollies, neons, rassets, zebrafish, cherry barbs, antsistrus, cardinals, speckled catfish. You can not settle with fish that love to tear off fins – barbs and ternitsemi.