Badis Badis or Fish chameleon (Badis badis) HAMILTON, 1822
The Latin name for the fish is Badis, probably derived from the word Bangla (Bengali / Bengali).
This species is sometimes marketed under the trade name “chameleon fish” because of its ability to quickly change color, especially during breeding or stress.
Detachment: Perciformes / Perciformes
Family: Badia / Badidae
Natural habitats in the Ganges River system, from the Yamuna River in Himachal Pradesh, India, to its delta in Bangladesh. It also inhabits the tributaries of the Ganges in Nepal, while in India it is found in the Makhanadi river system in the states of Chhattisgarh and Orissa, as well as parts of the state of Assam, including the city of Guwahati, the Kaziranga National Park and the Dibru river basin.
The terrain neotype is wide (> 100m), shallow water (10 °; pH 6.5-7.0; 25-27 ° С.
In the wild, seasonal rainfall is one of the signs that usually signal the start of the breeding season. During the rainy season, the waters of the natural habitat become softer. You can duplicate this effect in your spawning aquarium through frequent changes (about 15 percent per day for breeding).
Demineralized water will also help stimulate their seasonal spawning cycle. The reduction in barometric pressure is another natural impetus to spawning.
In fact, many species of fish will breed during or before a storm / thunderstorm.
During and before the spawning period, live food is preferred.
When they are ready for breeding, rival males become increasingly aggressive and begin to show interest and engage in the courtship of the females that have appeared on their territory. During this process, they demonstrate changes in color, the body begins to darken, becoming almost black with bright blue fins. Capturing by mouth is a common occurrence, the male literally tries to draw his partner into the cave.
The finished female reciprocates, swims inside and spawns, usually 30-100 eggs are laid.
After spawning, the female swims away immediately and the male takes all the responsibility for the spawn and larvae, protecting the territory from uninvited guests and fanning the brood with its fins. Any other adult fish can be removed at this point, although this is not absolutely necessary.
The larva hatch from the spawn usually after 2-3 days, will float in another 6-8 days, in another week or so the young will begin to leave their cave. From this point on, the parent can begin to treat them as food, and it is better to transfer to a separate aquarium.
Fry lead rather sedentary lifestyles for the first few days, which means that micro-food (ciliates, rotifers) is the ideal initial food, but as soon as they clearly / noticeably begin to swim in the water column, you can enter Artemia nauplius in the diet.
Badis Badis is a rare and colorful aquarium fish, which is a great addition even for nano-aquariums.
With proper maintenance, Badis Badis or Fish Chameleon will live in an aquarium from 3 to 5 years.
One of the most interesting in our hobby is the presence of a large variety of fish. Many of them have been available for several generations, but never received more than fleeting interest from many aquarists, perhaps because these fish are usually hidden in the corners or behind the decorations in the sellers’ aquariums.
These fish are often considered random in aquarism.
This is sad, because often these fish can be full of fascinating behavior, beautiful coloring or interesting breeding habits, which even an amateur can pay attention to. One of these often overlooked fish is the Chameleon Fish (Badis badis).