Aulonocara Orchid (Aulonocara Orchid) is a freshwater aquarium fish of the Tsichlov family. Aulonocaras inhabit Lake Nyasa (Malawi), located in the Rift Valley (Southeast Africa).
An aulonacara orchid in captivity is derived. In nature, not found.
Orchid body shape and behavior are characteristic of cichlids. Aggression is rarely shown: usually males in the period of spawning to males of their own species.
The body of fish is elliptical, elongated to the base of the tail, flattened laterally. Head pointed, mouth large, pointing straight. The color of the body, the fins of the male is red-orange with white and neon blue-blue specks.
The dorsal and anal fins are elongated to the base of the tail. The tail fin is trapezoid.
Body length – 12–15 cm.
Females are 1.5–2 cm smaller. Color – pink or colorless with dark transverse stripes.
Aulonocara orchids love to swim in the bottom and middle layers of water. Go upstairs for meals.
Males are territorial. Not aggressive with an excess of females. Fry, small fish are considered as prey.
Mandatory shelter (grottoes, snags, thickets of plants).
With a lack of plant foods, on fasting days, they nibble on the foliage of the plants. Undermine the roots in the sandy soil.
The majority of aquarium species of aulonocar are obtained by breeders. Differ in size, coloring.
Conditions of detention and breeding are the same. Males are described due to the bright exterior.
Aulonokara ed orchid (strawberry) – the same as Aulonocara Orchid.
It grows up to 12–15 cm. The color is bright orange with purple and dark gray spots.
Aulonocara nyassae or Queen Nyasa. It grows to the size of 15-17 cm. The color of the body, fins are blue-violet, fluorescent.
Anal fin with light spots. Occurs in natural conditions.
She is the golden queen (Aulonocara baenschi). Grows up to 10–12 cm.
The color of the body and fins are golden yellow with blue-blue stripes and spots.
It grows up to 12–15 cm. The colors of the body and fins are blue-violet with dark stripes.
The skin behind the gills, pectoral fins are orange-red.
Aulonocara Eureka grows to 9–12 cm. The body and pectoral fins are yellow with dark gray stripes.
The head and the rest of the fins are blue-violet with dark spots.
Aulonocara rose grows up to 13-15 cm. Color pink with a yellow tinge.
Aulonocara Red Rubin grows up to 12–15 cm. The color is orange-red with a neon-blue head, stripes and a border of the dorsal fin.
He is “aulonokara strawberry” or “fire fish”. It grows up to 12-15 cm.
The color is orange-red with white, bluish tint spots.
It grows up to 15–17 cm. The color of the body and fins is red-orange.
The jaws are purple-blue. On the sides are purple and dark gray transverse stripes.
Dorsal and caudal fins with a bright border. Tail fin with a semicircular notch at the end.
Contain haremchikami if the displacement of the aquarium allows. Be sure the abundance of shelters of plants, stones, koryag.
Orchids love clear water with a weak current: provide filtering, aeration.
Fish are suitable for crossing and breeding. Usually breeding species involved specialists.
Uncontrolled cross-breeding leads to deterioration of the exterior and degradation of the breed. Therefore, the joint content of different types of aulonocar is not recommended.
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To maintain the stability of the water parameters, replace 1/3 of the water weekly. Using a siphon, remove food debris and excrement from the bottom.
Orchids dwell closer to the bottom. Therefore, choose a rectangular aquarium with an aspect ratio (WxHxD) 2 x 0.5 x 0.5.
For a flock of their 4 fish you will need a specific aquarium from 150 liters.
- Medium temperature: 24–28 ° C.
- Acidity: pH 7–8.5.
- Stiffness: 1.5–9 ° W.
Considering the tendency of aulonocar orchids to dig up the roots, place the plants in the aquarium with a developed root system.
If you use ground cover (echinodorus), leave free space from plants for tag eggs. Floating in the water column:
Floating on the surface:
Suitable as in natural conditions:
- sandy substrate;
- rounded pebbles 5–8 mm.
- Compressor with 1-2 nozzles. Capacity: 1 liter of air per hour for 1 liter of capacity.
- Filter for cans of 150 liters, choose an external canister. Capacity: 7–8 vessel volumes per hour.
- Heater with thermostat.
- Siphon for removal of bottom pollution.
- Scraper to remove algae from the glass vessel.
- Net with frame 8 “.
The backlight is diffuse, standard. A luminous flux of 50–60 lumens per liter of water.
Daylight hours are 8–10 hours.
Use energy-saving fluorescent and LED lamps with a color temperature of 7500 K. LED sources have twice as much light output (lm / W).
The scenery is also used as a haven for orchids. Should not have sharp elements.
The damaged skin of fish is easily affected by fungal diseases.
- Snags from non-coniferous wood. Oak is also not suitable: paint water. Boil bark snags cleaned in 4–5 doses for 1–1.5 hours with water change. Soak with daily water change until it stops painting.
- Choose massive stones with a flat side. Or use pads to distribute the load on the glass.
- Craftsmen make their own grottoes of stones and clay. When gluing elements in order to avoid poisoning of inhabitants use aquarium sealant.
- Ceramic and glass rings.
- Bright aulonocaras of an orchid look favorably against a dark background of the back surface.
The scenery can be “revive”. Secure with moss on the surface of the moss, lichen.
Over time, the plants will be fixed, the scenery will grow.
Aulonocara orchids are omnivorous. The diet is dominated by animal food.
Vegetable food is 20-30%.
- Bloodworm – mosquito larva. High-calorie, rich in hemoglobin, vitamin food.
- Coretra – mosquito larva. Mobile dietary food. Forcing fish to hunt.
- The tube maker is a ringed worm. Recommended to weakened and growing fish.
Do not purchase live feed from unverified vendors. Caught in natural waters can be infected with an infection, parasites, contain harmful substances.
Coret is not so dangerous, because it lives and gets food in the water column.
In full preserves the usefulness of the living. It is not a carrier of parasitic and bacterial threats. But re-frozen for use is unsuitable.
And it is impossible to control.
For constant feeding unsuitable: orchids lose color, stop multiplying. Gain, if you plan a long absence.
Use auto feeders with a timer.
Maintain the intensity of the coloring granules for coloring goldfish. Ask 1-2 times a week.
Purchased – pills with spirulina. Dried and fresh herbs, nettle leaves and dandelion will do. Blanched squash, pumpkin, cabbage are useful.
From cereals – chopped oatmeal (“Hercules”).
For high-quality color aulonocaram, orchids need carotenoids (astaxanthin) in sufficient quantities. It is found in significant quantities in red fish, carrots, and other red vegetables and fruits.
Cook and freeze the minced meat containing these ingredients with the addition of shrimp, squid and mussels. Astaxanthin is also an antioxidant, improves metabolism and digestion.
Feed 2 times a day. 1-2 days a week – fasting. Do not overfeed: orchids are prone to obesity.
Norm – the amount of food eaten in 2 minutes.
In general, the aquarium get along with peaceful, similar in size or larger fish. Surface species are preferred. Not compatible with scalars, tail fish.
Aggressive in an overpopulated aquarium.
With the recommended parameters of the content occurs in the general aquarium. If breeding is intended, reject the female aulonocara orchid with fertilized eggs.
Sexual dimorphism appears after puberty (9–12 months in the female, males 1.5–3 months later). Males are brightly and variously colored (after 1.5 years), anal and caudal fins are pointed.
Behavior is dominant. In females, the color is monotonous with dark transverse stripes.
In the photo – the female.
After courtship and games, the female spawns (20–60 eggs). Usually the label occurs at night.
Caviar ripens in female mouth for 17–20 days. During the incubation period, the female does not consume food.
Appearing fry periodically return the female to the mouth. On the 3rd day, drop the female into a common aquarium. Starter feed for fry – “live dust”, nauplii and zooplankton (“blooming” water).
Feed 5-6 times a day. Protein supplement: rubbed through a fine-meshed net boiled yolk of chicken eggs.
Do not be afraid to overfeed: growing organisms do not grow fat.
Aquarists note the decorative qualities of orchid aulonocara, compatibility with peaceful fish. Uncomplicated content.
The disadvantages are called bright exterior only males and attacks on small fish and veil tails. Prone to eating and digging up plants.
|Size (cm)||Designation||Price (₽)|
|Up to 4||S||260|
|Up to 7||M||530|
|Up to 9||L||1100|
|Up to 11||XL||2100|
Aulonokara is suitable for decorative content and commercial dilution is available. Omnivorous, unpretentious in keeping and feeding.
Peace lovers, but not get along with all the fish. Recommended for children.