Hello dear readers. In today’s article, I would like to touch on another representative of the Cichlov family, who may by chance happen in your home cichlid aquarium. Aulonokara Nyasa is a cichlid from African Lake Malawi, preferring the rocky landscape of the bottom.
Accordingly, in the aquarium you will have to create conditions for it, as close as possible to natural ones.
The body of the fish is elongated and flattened laterally, the back is high. Head shape slightly angular and large.
If you look closely, you can replace a couple of rows of grooves on your head that start from the top of the gill covers and end at the corners of the mouth. Dorsal fin oblong. The maximum body length of the fish in natural conditions is 18 centimeters.
In captivity, the numbers are somewhat more modest.
Males have a rather interesting coloration: the head has a violet-blue hue; the front part of the body can be either dark red or reddish-yellow. The back of the body of the fish is green-blue. If a fish experiences irritation, it may have a dozen dark transverse stripes on its sides.
Unpaired fins of blue color, along the edges have a black border. The dorsal fin also has a border, only light blue in color.
On the anal fin, you can replace a couple of red spots. Paired fins have a white-blue border and are painted in a reddish tint.
Females are painted in a gray-purple hue with a silver tint. Also on the body of the female there are dark transverse stripes of irregular intensity. The color of the fins of the female is similar to the body color, and on the caudal and dorsal fins there are bluish spots and a light blue border.
In relation to other types of fish, aulonokara nyasa does not show aggression. Aquarium must be equipped with a sufficient number of shelters, clusters of flat stones, caves, snags and grottoes.
Aulonokara nyasa is considered a peace-loving representative of the tsikhlovy family. She gets on well with various fishes, but be prepared for the fact that during spawning the cichlid becomes extremely aggressive. A stronger male begins to chase the female through the aquarium and all its potential rivals during the spawning period.
Therefore, experienced tsikhlidniki recommend not to contain in the aquarium more than one male.
For the fish will have to buy a fairly spacious aqua (150-200 liters), which will need to equip a large number of various shelters. The water parameters for the contents are as follows:
- Water temperature: 22 – 30 degrees;
- Stiffness: 4 – 20 degrees;
- Acidity: 7.2 – 8.5 pH.
Add to this a good aeration and regular water changes in the amount of 1/5 of the total. He did not say about filtering, as it is an integral part of any normal aquarium.
Aulonakara nyasa feeds on almost any kind of feed. It is equally good to eat as live food, and vegetable with various substitutes.
It is best to feed your pets twice a day, but in small doses, which the fish should eat in a couple of minutes. Young animals can be fed with dry flakes, and more mature fish should be fed live food into the diet (shrimp meat, boiled beef heart, bloodworm).
Like other aquarium fish, cichlids need to arrange a fasting day once a week.
When making a cichlid aquarium, you should be guided by the natural preferences of aquatic organisms. Aulonokara Nyasa prefers coarse sand as aquarium soil, a large number of stones and all kinds of caves.
It is not necessary to plant the plants in the aquarium, as the fish digs them quickly.
The hydrobiont reaches sexual maturity at the age of 8 – 10 months. In rare cases, aquarists cross the aulonokaru nyas with other representatives of the Cichlidae, this alone can lead to the offspring becoming very aggressive and sterile.
Fish should spawn in a separate aqua, where a pair of females and one large male are placed. During one spawning, the female can lay off up to 50 eggs, which she will incubate in the mouth.
During the incubation period, the female may hide in some shelter for several weeks. When the fry will get a little stronger, they will periodically leave the mother’s mouth, but at night they will return to safe shelter again.
In order to preserve the offspring, the female should be transplanted into a separate container, or the eggs should be placed in a special incubator.