The Aulonokara Orchid’s aquarium fish is the fruit of breeders’ work, which was born as a result of crossing at least 3 Malawian cichlid species. In nature, they are not found.
The fish is unusually beautiful, but requires careful treatment. It can not be used to produce offspring without proper experience or to gain benefits, as hybrids offered for sale can destroy the purity of the species.
Tsikhlida Aulonokara Orchid, the appearance of one of the individuals.
Like other aulonocars, fish “orchid” has an elongated body with flattened sides. Males reach no more than 13 cm in length, and females are even more miniature. They have a large head and long fins on the back.
This species of cichlid can live up to 8−10 years.
Females, as well as juveniles, look rather inconspicuous (silver-gray color). But the males are dazzlingly beautiful, they sparkle with the fullness of colors (red, yellow, gold and orange hue).
Oronocara Reds take their beauty from Aulonokara at the age of 6-10 months. The color does not change depending on the mood of the individual and the conditions of detention, it is always consistently bright.
Small fish, long from 6 cm to 15 cm, the main color is blue-blue with a violet tint or brownish-yellow, always with dark transverse stripes.
Bright red cichlid orchid is friendly and calm. This species can be kept in groups of 8−10 individuals.
At the same time there should be 3 times more females than males. You should not keep different types of aulonocar in the same aquarium, as they easily interbreed with each other.
You can also keep ed fish along with other aquarium fish of the same size. They can make friends with the following types:
Mbuny will not be suitable for settling together, as they are distinguished by aggressive behavior. However, with other species of the mbuna group (metriaclym, labeothrofeus, pseudotrophius, petrotilapia), a good neighborhood is possible. However, the aquarium should be more than 400 liters.
It is very important to choose a design of a suitable size. If two aulonocars ed will reside in the aquarium, its volume should be more than 80 liters, and for a small flock more than 250 liters. The following standards exist for water indicators:
- Temperature in the range of 23-28 degrees.
- Stiffness – 10−30.
- Acidity – 7.5-8.5.
It is necessary to monitor the quality of water in the aquarium. To do this, carry out aeration, use a filter and weekly change 15−20 percent of the liquid.
Lighting does not matter much, but the arrangement is very important. It is best to place river or quartz sand on the bottom.
The soil should not be sharp, as individuals like to sift through the gills and dig.
It is recommended to place grottoes, smooth stones, and special clay pots at the bottom. You can put the rocks and caves that will serve as a refuge.
It is better not to use corals for decoration, as water creatures can easily get hurt.
They live in spacious aquariums with a temperature of + 22 … + 27 ° C, pH = 7.4–8.5 and a sandy or rocky bottom and shelters in the form of grottoes or rocks.
If the owner decided to equip the aquarium with plants, then they need to be carefully fixed in the ground, as the fish can dig undermines. The following types will do:
Most of the diet should fall on live food: large lake moth, Cyclops, small gammarus, koretra. In addition, give dry dressings in the form of granules or flakes, as well as mixtures of seafood.
Since aulonocaras are predatory fish, live food must be present in their diet.
You can purchase special formulations to preserve bright colors, such as krill. Orchids can not be overfed, they can be susceptible to obesity.
Fish should be fed 2 times a day. The amount of food should be such that individuals can eat it in 2 minutes.
Adult avonokaram can starve one day a week.
To obtain offspring does not require special knowledge and skills. Cichlids reach sexual maturity at 8–15 months. During the spawning period, the males look especially attractive.
They “fluff up” their fins and dance gracefully in front of the females, trying to attract them.
However, the behavior of the male may be somewhat aggressive., therefore, it is best to plant one male in the spawn and several females at once, so that his attention will be dispersed.
Once one of the females is interested in the beau, they will swim together to the cozy nest that the male has prepared in advance. The female will lay eggs in the amount of up to 50 pcs., And he will fertilize her.
After all the roe is fertilized, the female puts her mouth, where 3-4 weeks the gestation process will take place. The water in the aquarium should be a temperature of 24−28 degrees, as this affects the rate of ripening eggs.
Spawning adversely affects the health of the female, as she cannot eat at this time. In addition, the male continues his marriage games a week after the fertilization of the eggs.
Therefore, the future mother requires all kinds of shelter. If there is not a single cave in the aquarium, the fish will experience extreme stress and it may spit out or swallow the eggs.
It is important to avoid overfeeding aulonocar, food should be given either twice a day in small portions, or once a day.
The fry born to the world first keep close to the female and soon swim back into her mouth, where they stay until they can feed on their own. After babies, they are fed with bloodworms, Artemia nautilias or Daphnia.
Spawning can occur very often, even once every 2 weeks. However, it is necessary to ensure that the female rests well and feeds during the breaks.
The main cause of all diseases – the wrong content. Violation of the recommendations leads to a weakening of the immune system of fish and susceptibility to infections. At the first symptoms of the disease, you should immediately check the condition of the water and the concentration of nitrogen.
Sometimes the restoration of normal conditions leads to a cure, but in some cases can not do without the use of drugs.
Aulonokara ed is great for both beginners and experienced owners. She is unpretentious and has a friendly disposition.
And her beauty and brightness delight the eye.
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