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Atlantic blue marlin fish – the dream of a gambling fisherman

One of the most popular types of sport fishing is the hunt for marlin fish, a representative of ray-finned, marlin family. The lone predator has impressive dimensions, tasty meat and a high fat content, for which it is especially valued in the fishery.

Marlin fish hunting is one of the most popular types of sport fishing.

Ernest Hemingway described her miracle fish in his story “The Old Man and the Sea”, its resilience, the struggle for life, greatness and strength. Unfortunately, the catch caught the sharks, and the old man got only the skeleton, but his courage and zeal, so colorfully described by the author, still inspire modern fishermen to conquer the sea.

Atlantic blue marlin, also known as “blue marlin”, which in Greek means “short dagger”, belongs to the order of perciformed marlin family, a kind of ray-finned fish.

All types of marlin have the same body structure – the differences are visible in color and shape of the fins.. Common are:

  • body extended from sides;
  • long lance-like upper jaw, which is 20% of the entire body length;
  • crescent tail;
  • high dorsal fin;
  • bright attractive coloring.

Females are always larger and can reach 5 meters in length and 500 kg in weight, whereas the male grows 3−4 times less, weighing up to 160−200 kg. According to unreliable sources, a female weighing 820 kg was caught, but the data were not officially recorded.

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On the back of the marlin there are two fins, the first has 39–43 rays, the second – 6–7 rays. The back is usually dark blue or blue with dark transverse stripes, the belly and sides are silvery.

The color changes depending on the emotional state of the fish, for example, when hunting, the back is colored bright blue, and at rest it is dark blue. The fins are dark brown.

Over the entire surface of the body there are oblong scales. The spear-like jaw contains small, sharp teeth that resemble a file.

The spear is very strong, there were cases when the sailboat attacked the boat and punched through the trim.

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Like all fish, marlin has its own varieties, slightly different in fin shape and shade of scales. The principle of hunting and lifestyle they have similar, also all kinds of edible, and their meat is in special demand in restaurants in many countries.

  1. Black marlin is a giant of the family. The fins of the black species lack flexibility; the first dorsal fin is long with sharp rays, the second one is lower and smaller in size. The tail is crescent, with thin blades. The color is dark blue, closer to black, the belly is silvery. The size of the giant allows it to descend to a depth of two kilometers with a temperature of 15 degrees.
  2. Striped marlin differs from its relatives not only by its specific color, but also by the size of the nose. A medium-sized fish reaches a mass of 500 kg, has fixed fins and a more varied color: the back is blue, streaked with light transverse lines, on a silver belly they are blue.
  3. Blue marlin, or blue, has the ability to change shade when hunting. The back is dark blue with characteristic stripes, the belly is the color of silver, the fins are dark, high, flexible, tucked into a special compartment on the back.

All types are real racers, due to the specific structure of the body, they quickly pick up speed and easily maneuver, the type of swimming is similar to sharks.

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Marlin – single fish and rarely gather in flocks of more than 3-4 individuals. They prefer to hunt on the surface of the water in the open sea – on fish, as well as squid.

Main habitat – Atlantic Ocean, its tropical and temperate waters are far from the coast, but some individuals may swim in shallow waters and in the shelf area. Fish rarely swim in waters with temperatures below 23 degrees and deeper than 50 meters, although, according to certain sources, marlin can dive even to a depth of 1,800 meters.

Marlin – single fish and rarely gather in flocks of more than 3-4 individuals

Easily gaining speed of 100 km / h, this is assisted by a body narrowed from the sides and a dorsal fin in the form of a sail, which is hidden in a special indentation on the back.

It hunts mainly at high speed, piercing the fish with a spear – a modified upper jaw, for the sake of interest and fun attacks ships and small yachts.

Being a predator by nature, blue marlin fish hunts for mackerel, tuna, flying fish, and occasionally squid and cephalopods. Seeing a flock of fish, the sailboat accelerates and attacks, stringing frightened prey onto its spear or swallowing it along the way.

Water that has entered the mouth during the hunt passes through the gills, enriching the body with oxygen and giving the predator energy.

The mackerel spawning season is considered a real feast., then these places are literally teeming with ray-finned and other predatory fish.

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The Atlantic giant is the largest bone fish and has practically no enemies, few dare to attack a 2–5 meter fish.
Tasty valuable meat, as well as its record size, motivated many fishermen to take risky fishing, but after the photo shoot most of the trophies caught were sent back to sea. There are many rumors and legends about the giant fish, here are some of them:

  1. The fight with one marlin can last more than 30 hours. In the hope of getting rid of the gear, the fish swims at high speed or goes to the depth until it gets out of power or breaks the gear.
  2. A spear-shaped jaw was found in the bottom of one sailboat, piercing the skin and a thick layer of oak wood. This fact speaks of the strength and speed of the predator, as well as the strength of the spear.
  3. A sailboat weighing 700 kg was caught near the coast of Peru.

Merlin is the largest bone fish and has virtually no enemies.

  • The record weight of the fish was recorded at the beginning of the century and was 818 kg with a body length of 5 meters from the edge of the tail to the tip of the spear.
  • The maximum age of sailing vessels is 27 years for females and 18 years for males.
  • The speed during the hunt is 110 km / h, the fish deftly jump out of the water, piercing the flying fish with their spear on the fly.
  • Predators happy fun often attack ships and boats.
  • Seasonal migration distance reaches 7,000 miles.
  • From natural enemies can be identified only sharks.
  • Marlin breeds, gathering in small flocks, individuals that have reached 2-4 years are considered sexually mature. The mating period falls on the beginning of autumn, after fertilization the female is able to postpone up to 7 million eggs.

    Young fry are spread by the current in different parts of the Atlantic Ocean, many die from the attack of larger fish.

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