maintenance, care, compatibility
Astronotus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Astronotus is one of the most famous and big fish in the genus Cichlids. They can reach 30-35 cm.
Homeland astronotus is South America – the Amazon, the system of the rivers Paraná, Paraguay, Rio Negro.
The body of the astronotus is elongated and flattened at the sides. The head is large, bulging forehead and large expressive eyes.
The fish has large, rounded fins. There are many multicolored variations of astronotus.
The most common: natural color, copper color and albino form. Fish is able to change color under stress.
Aeration, powerful filtration, and regular water changes (30% of the water) are necessary for their maintenance. Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous).
The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp.
Also, there is one nuance in the content of these fish. Astronotuses constantly “tinker” the aquarium: they dig the ground, pull out and gnaw the plants, carry small stones, do not give rest to aquarium equipment. In this connection, the scenery and equipment of the aquarium should be well secured, it is advisable to abandon the soil and lay large boulders + snags.
If the ground still fits, it is better to use the smallest fractions and lay a layer of 1-2 centimeters.
In the feed ration of astronotus rises: large bloodworm, earthworms, meat, bullish heart, fillet of sea fish, artificial food. In pet stores you can find quite a lot of different types of food for astronotus.
These fish are voracious, in order to avoid problems with the gastrointestinal tract is recommended to feed them once a day and be sure to arrange fasting days.
Additional feeding recommendations: crown, lively medium-sized fish, tadpoles, frogs, squid, shrimp. Vegetable foods should be included in the diet: mashed black bread, oat flakes, lettuce and spinach leaves.
It is important to correctly alternate all types of feed. Feeding should not be monotonous.
One should not give preference to live fish, as astronotuses quickly get used to it and refuse other food. From meat products it is better to use beef heart, cut into small pieces.
Feed the heart to the fish no more than once a month, otherwise they may become fat and stop breeding.
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
We also recommend that you read the materials – recipes homemade feed for aquarium fish.