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Aquariums with fish photo

maintenance, care, compatibility

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options

And so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms. It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish.

Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond. And this is very important!

Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And it is for them that one needs to build an “aquarian house,” it is from this that one must make a start.

For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium … You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task. The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tangany, there are no plants, no algae – this is the “stone desert”.

If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life.

It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil. On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read – HERE.

Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” – fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES.

An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials. If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water.

Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels.
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take in the aquarium “living space” – living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves. In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background.

You should not put a huge castle in the middle. This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner.

Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important. In fact, the fish can live without it.

The background is more important for a person, it can be said – these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.

REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM OF LIVING AND ARTIFICIAL PLANTS.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium “window” will look like.

We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic – HERE.
LIGHT REGISTRATION AQUARIUM

The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants – this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps.

Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators.

Here they are.


REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc.

In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety.

Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope – such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch – Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. Such an aquarium is popularly called “herbalist”. The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical – such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet “Household aquarium” – where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc.

In addition, there is a whole industry children’s aquariums. Here is an example:

There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let’s see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums – the seabed. The prefix “pseudo,” says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish.

Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.


Dutch aquarium “light option” Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but “in a lightweight form.” Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist.

Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.



True Dutch Aquarium – Herbalist
These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies.

To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.



Household, children’s, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.



Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus.

Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night.

More about Glo-fish is here.



Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes.

The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.



Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK – cichlids in the aquarium


Also there are industrial and show aquariums

The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos

An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish

Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish

Aquarium fish: species, names, list, photo-video review

I think that a person who asks such a search query as “aquarium fish” would like to get a good Internet resource at the exit and get to the starting page from which it would be possible to start and get answers to interesting questions about the world of aquarium fish.

Actually, this prompted me to do some kind of compilation – to work out as much as possible and put in one article everything related to aquarium fish with links to the desired page. I hope that this article will become your starting point in the world of aquarium fish. So, for convenience, we divide the article into sections:
1. A bit of history about aquarium fish.
2. Types and names of aquarium fish.
3. General conditions of aquarium fish.
4. What do aquarium fish eat?
5. What are aquarium fish?
6. Aquarium fish and plants.
7. Aquarium fish and other inhabitants.
8. Requirements for aquarium water for fish.
9. Rules that will be the key to the health and well-being of your aquarium fish.
1. A LITTLE HISTORY OF AQUARIUM FISHES

Everything to which humanity participates undergoes changes, this fate and the world of aquarium fish did not escape. Somewhere, human intervention was useful, but somewhere destructive for the current aquarium inhabitants. In any case, in recent years, people’s interest in the aquarium has grown, has acquired enormous proportions and sizes.

What are the huge oceanariums, tireless Chinese selection of goldfish, in the end, the genetic modification of aquarium fish – Glofish.
It all began like this. The first mention of the aquarium and aquarium fish dated to the times of ancient Egypt, from which it can be concluded that aquarium inhabitants from time immemorial, along with cats and dogs, were friends of man.
However, the beginning of aquaristics are considered 618-907gg. When Chinese Buddhist monks began with a scientific approach to breed and select goldfish.

But they, before the modern aquarium world was still far away, as the aquarium fish were kept either in ponds or in flowerpots and it was possible to watch them only from above.
The breakthrough came in 1841. – there was the first real “modern” aquarium.
The starting point of aquarism in Russia can be considered 1862. associated with the creation of the Moscow Zoological Garden. You can learn more about the history of aquarium fish in the article:
The origin of the aquarium, the meaning of the word aquarium

2. TYPES AND NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES
The aquarium world is so diverse that to list all the families, squads, clans, species and subspecies — even Wikipedia is not strong enough. The world knows, according to various sources, from 25,000 to 31,000 species of fish.
Types of aquarium fish with the names of their representatives Anabasovye (Anabantidae)
Anabasas or Slider Fish and Ctenopomes

Apteronotye (Apteronotidae) Black Knife

Badia (Badidae)
Badis Badis, Chameleon Fish

Fringed or Peristose Som Synodontis

Bronykovy or sidescale catfish
Agamixis, Platidoras.


Gobies (Gobiidae): Bullhead spotted.

Loach species (Cobitidae) Acantoftalmusy and Bothia.

Goodyevye (Goodeidae) Xenotoka red-tailed.

Puffer or Four-toothed, toothed (Tetraodontidae) Tetraodons

Carp (Cyprinidae)
Barusy, Danio, Goldfish.

Cartooth teeth (Cyprinodontidae) Afiosemion south

Wedge-bellied or Gasteropelekovye (Gasteropelecidae) Sternikla, Gasteropelekus sternikla, common speck.

Mail catfish or Loricariidae catfish (Loricariidae) Ancistrus, Ototsinkluy

Labyrinth (Belontiidae)
Betty – Petushki, Gourami, Lyaliusa, Macropods

Bag-bearing catfish or Bagniferous (Heteropneustidae) Catfish bag-tabernacle


Notopterovye, spinoperoe (Notopteridae)
Knife-read eye, Silver Blanche knife

Bastard Catfish (Callichthyidae)
Torakatum, corridors – speckled catfish, etc.


Pecilia (Poeciliidae) Guppies, Sword, Mollies, Pecilia


Pimelodic or Flat-headed catfish. Antennaous catfish (Pimelodidae). Bearded catfish, Zebra microglanis.

Polurilye (Hemirhamphidae) Poluoryl red-black

The iris (Melanotaeniidae)
Melanotenias and Irises

Hack catfish (Chacidae) Hack or frog short

Character (Characidae)
Neons, Orantusi, Pulcher, Tetras, Tairee

Helostoma (Helostomatidae) Gourami kissing

Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae) Mastamembel red-striped, Mastamembelus red-striped, Hobotyryl red-striped, Fiery eel

Centropomovye (Centropomidae) Perch glass

Cichlids or Cichlidae (Cichlidae) Akaras, Apistorams, Discus, Parrots, Angelfish, Tsichlamozy

Shilbovy catfish (Schilbeidae)
Shark catfish, Freshwater shark, Siamese pangasius


Wide-headed catfish or Aspredinaceae (Aspredinidae) Bunocephalus or Som snag


Electric soma: Catfish electric.
As you can see, there are 30 types of aquarium fish. Imagine what the list will be if the fish are divided into subspecies and variations. I think just 30,000 thousand and typed.

Here is a list of aquarium fish from our site: HERE. We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

3. CONDITIONS OF THE CONTENT OF AQUARIUM FISHES It’s all much easier than with species of aquarium fish. Actually, the general conditions include:
– the volume and size of the aquarium;
– compatibility of aquarium fish with each other;
– compatibility of fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world;
– feeding aquarium fish.
– diseases of aquarium fish.
– aquarium fish and plants.
– composition and parameters of aquarium water for fish.

The topics listed above are very voluminous, some deserve writing a whole book. Taking into account the objectives of this article, I will try to present everything in a compact and accessible manner.

Volume and size of the aquarium – the basis, the basis, the beginning of all the aquarium began. Simply put, what kind of aquarium you will get a house for aquarium fish, such and you will be fish.

Buy a “small family” (up to 50l.) – there will live guppes, and tetras with swordmen, buy a “two-piece” (100l.) – populate Goldfish, “three rubles” (150) – large and medium cichlids, well, for pent- Hausa (from 200-300l.) – Discuss and Astronotusy will do.
The quality characteristics of the aquarium affects not only its volume, but also the size (shape). The price is always long aquariums, as in such an aquarium the fish will have a place to roam.

In a short aquarium, they are unlikely to “pass the standards for swimming.”
Therefore, choosing an aquarium, you should first think about its future tenants. After all, the head of the REP is you, and only it depends on you who will live the akvadome entrusted to you and how!
Compatibility of aquarium fish with each other – how many books have been written, how many articles, debates and forums on this topic are there. Nevertheless, people manage to make the most serious mistakes: to combine the uncombinable and to push the non-punch!

Especially, for some reason, this fate befalls Goldfish when they are shoved into a 40-liter aquarium with a crowd, and, for greater beauty, they sit down to them, for example, a Labo. And then they are surprised, “that they die and are covered with some kind of cotton.”
My call, you can say – the cry of the soul: “Follow the rules of compatibility and living space per capita. ”
More information about this can be found here in this article: Compatibility of aquarium fish. How many fish can be in an aquarium of X liters (at the bottom of the article, select the volume of aquarium you need).
4. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES EAT
Modern aquaria does not know the problems in this matter. In pet stores you will be offered a variety of food for your pets.

From you envy is just a question – the correctness of feeding and diet of aquarium fish.
The most common mistake is overfeeding fish. Remember, it is better to feed less fish than to feed them.

From excess food in fish there are gastrointestinal diseases, and the aquarium turns into a warehouse of stubs, which in turn leads to a violation of the biobalance.
The second important thing that you need to pay attention to is a balanced, complete nutrition of aquarium fish. Do not feed the fish only dry food, enter into their diet a variety of food and then your pets will be “white and fluffy.”

In addition, consider the features of the fish, if the fish love plant food, pick exactly the food with the addition of vegetation, or buy them cheap plants for feed.
We read and ask questions here: How and how much to feed aquarium fish. See also: How to feed goldfish?
5. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES ARE PAINFUL
Fish, like people get sick. And most of the diseases they have also arise from poor living conditions. From here we can conclude: Your care, attention and proper care is the key to the health and longevity of aquarium friends.

But still, if we were three times attentive, sometimes we get into trouble and the fish get sick. One thing pleases – almost all fish diseases are treatable, it is only important to make the correct diagnosis and apply the correct treatment.
The following sections of our site will help you with this:
DISEASES OF FISHING FISH
DISEASES OF FISHES
AQUA MEDICINE
And also article: treatment and diseases of small fishes.
6. AQUARIUM FISHES AND PLANTS

I think that it will be no secret to anyone that the plants are the lungs of the aquarium and the redefining component of the excellent biobalance of the aquarium world. An aquarium without live plants, like an apartment without furniture – everything seems to be fine, but somehow it is not comfortable!

For many fish, a plant is not only food, but a place of shelter, sleep and spawning.
I suggest you to go through the list of aquarium plants and read more about what you like: AQUARIUM PLANTS.
7. AQUARIUM FISHES AND OTHER DOMAINS
Of course, the aquarium world does not end with the fish. In addition to the fish in the aquarium live: mollusks, crustaceans, crabs, shrimps, tritons and turtles. However, in many cases this neighborhood is strictly limited.

Since, many fish are not away profit from snails or shrimps and vice versa turtles devour small fish in two accounts.
Although on the other hand the presence in the aquarium, the same snails coils, not so bad! They will be excellent feed and will be a great addition to the dinner of your aquarium fish.

That will save you money and time.
Here is a section of our site dedicated to “other inhabitants” of the aquarium:
Shellfish and others.
8. REQUIREMENTS FOR AQUARIUM WATER FOR FISH
This is certainly a topic for writing a thesis! As for people, air, as for fish, water is the primary factor of existence.

How you “tune” it will envy and the health and appearance of the aquarium and fish.
The main parameters of the aquarium water are:
– t ° C, aquarium water temperature.
– hD, aquarium water hardness.
– pH, “acidity” of aquarium water.
– rH, org aquarium water.
Given the volume of this issue, I will give you links to each water parameter:
AQUARIUM WATER: parameters of aquarium water. Aquarium water temperature.

How much and how much does the water in the aquarium go?

Also, do not forget about the product of ammonia decomposition: NH4, N02, NO3.

9. RULES THAT WILL BECOME A MORTGAGE OF HEALTH AND GOOD WELLBEING OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH

Summarizing this article to a logical conclusion, I would like to focus on simple, not difficult rules:

– initially select an aquarium for fish, not fish for an aquarium;

– follow the rules for compatibility of aquarium fish;

– Observe the rules of the settlement of the aquarium fish;

– defend the aquarium water, but rather use melted, boiled, distilled water;

– feed the fish wisely;

– make your aquarium beautiful and cozy. Do not forget about plants and other abodes of the aquarium kingdom.

– Watch the parameters and composition of the aquarium water.

Useful video about aquarium fish

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish.

As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world.

They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium – he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food.

The activity of these soms is manifested with the onset of dusk or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind – the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Order, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous).

The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch.

Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums.

Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° C.
Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty.

And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland – the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant.

These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them).

Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular.

Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish – artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5–7.5, water hardness: 5–15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them.

Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Order, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5.8-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm.

Body shape – discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow.

The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes.

Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care – for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters.

However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone.

After all, even with mother’s milk, we all heard a fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish – silver carp.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish.

They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty – anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Order, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable – Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game).

Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium – by keeping them with “Goldfish” you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition.

Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm.

The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots.

The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size.

Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish.

It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price.

May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Order, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 – 25 ° C.
Ph: 7.0 – 7.5.
dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name.

In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
Stiffness dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different.

The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females.

Fish size up to 7 cm.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors.

Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes.

As neighbors, we can recommend: Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive chichlaids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium.

Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature – deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Order, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 – 24 p.
Ph acidity: 5.7 – 7.0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin “thorax” – the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Order, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph “acidity”: 5.8-7.5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish – these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma – one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words “nigro” – black and “fascia” – ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30 °.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying!

Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

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