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Aquarium for fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

When choosing inhabitants for a small aquarium, first of all, of course, one should pay attention to their size. Fish should not be more than 3-4 cm long, and if the aquarium is completely “nano”, up to 15 liters – more than 2-3 cm.

In addition, the fish need a peaceful, not too voracious, not territorial, and quite unpretentious, at least if this is your first experience in nano aquariums. Well and, of course, they must be brightly and diversely colored and active, so that it would be interesting to watch them.

Under these conditions is quite a large number of fish. The most honorable place in nano aquariums is occupied by carp representatives – zebrafish, micro-assemblies, boraras.

The micro-collection of the galaxy with its amazing color is truly the queen of small volumes.

It is possible to lodge neon and tetra amanda from charicine fishes in such an aquarium, from guppies and petillia from viviparous. In addition, you can make small catfish, for example, the corridor-pygmy or otozinclus.

Feel good in a small volume of the cockerel.

Fish is better to take flocks of 3-4 pieces (of course, except for pugnacious cockerels), so they will feel more comfortable. The density of planting small fish should be about 1 individual per 2 liters of water.

In addition to fish, different types of shrimp live in a nano aquarium, dwarf crayfish (they are incompatible with shrimps), frogs hymeno-viruses.

How to equip an aquarium for a comfortable living fish

Actually, these inhabitants will become the main property and decoration of the home glass pond. It is necessary to make their life in captivity as comfortable and convenient as possible.

For this you need to follow a lot of rules, use additional equipment for cleaning, filtering and aeration of water. But this is a topic for a separate article, because there is so much information and it needs to be digested before you make a decision whether you want to admire the wonderful spectacle of graceful voile tails or make wishes, looking at goldfish.

What to do to breed fish? Where to begin? How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home?

What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium?

What kind of ground to choose? These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish. Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish.

And what should newcomers do in this case? And in today’s article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.

After acquiring a new artificial pond for the house, keeping the fish is better to start with its feeding no more than once a day. Of course, then you can feed it more often, but little by little.

After all, an aquarium is, first of all, a closed habitat. If there is a lot of food, it is not eaten by fish, then it gets into the ground and begins to rot.

From overfeeding the fish start to hurt, and then they completely die. How do you know if the fish are overfed or not? It’s simple.

Food, after getting into the aquarium should be eaten immediately, and not sink to the bottom. True, there are such fish as catfish. It is they who eat the food that fell to the bottom.

Also, the fish need to arrange fasting days, but only once a week.

The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?

The fourth condition is the right equipment.

Remember the main rule. First you need:

  1. Aquarium and minimal equipment for it.
  2. Priming.
  3. Plants.

And only after the acquisition of all of the above, you can think about choosing the fish. Artificial pond need to choose not very small.

What is necessary from the equipment? So it refers to:

  • filter;
  • thermometer;
  • heater with thermostat;
  • lighting.

And when all this is acquired, you can do the installation of the vessel in your room. It is best to do this on a flat surface, before laying the tourist mat under the bottom of the aquarium.

You also need to wash the soil and sand, pour it into the aquarium and fill it with cold tap water. Install a filter and heater (especially important to monitor the temperature of the water in the winter).

Because from the cold fish can die.

Next, heat the water to 20 degrees and begin to plant the plants. Planting a home aquarium should be live plants.

They are simply necessary. Even if there are fish in the aquarium that like to feed on plants, it is better to simply feed them more. Water will be muddy at first.

And it is here that you should not hurry. It is best to wait about 7 days.

And already after the water becomes clear, you can launch fish.

Important! Buying fish, do not forget to clarify whether they will get along together.

The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water

The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!

As mentioned above, the launch of the fish should be done only when the artificial reservoir is settled at home. Remember that if all the rules are not followed, the water in the aquarium will quickly become cloudy and the fish will die.

Quite often, a situation arises when, after acquiring a fish, many beginners do not know what to do next .. For experienced aquarists, this is not a problem, since their launch of the fish takes place on the machine. But beginners may have problems.

First you need to put the bag with the fish just in the aquarium. Let it float there. Thus, the fish gets used to the new environment.

And the fish that are already in the aquarium in this way will get to know it. Then you need to start lowering the package below, so that the water from the aquarium is filled in the package.

Let it still be a little time, and then launch the fish into the aquarium from the package.

Important! The more expensive a fish is, the more bother it is!

The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!

The most important thing in aquarism is to fish with great enthusiasm, but without forcing yourself. Make it so that it brings pleasure and enjoyment.

After all, this is a real vacation at home. Near the artificial reservoir can spend a lot of time watching the behavior of fish.

In addition, scientists have proven that running and monitoring fish leads to normal blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And if there are small children at home, then this is also a very good educational moment.

After all, since childhood, caring for fish will teach them to care and attention. After all, probably, very few people want to see that the first experience with the aquarium is bitter and ends with the death of the fish.

After all, it often happens that novice aquarists, who have not coped with the problems, put an end to their dream.

Do not leave immediately, and after a while there will come a period when an experienced aquarist grows from an inexperienced beginner who will help the same beginners, like him, who buy aquariums for beginners himself just a few weeks or months ago. Believe it is not difficult!

A small aquarium is a tank with parameters of 20×40 cm and less (a nano aquarium) in which small ornamental fish can be placed. The volume of such containers can be from 10 to 20 cubic liters, so they are suitable for the installation of decorations and equipment. In a small aquarium you need to put lighting, plant plants, decor, do not forget about the filter and compressor.

That is, a small aquarium should not differ in functionality from a spacious one.


Care of a small aquarium, on the one hand, easy, and on the other, takes the hassle. Choose a mini tank rectangular, with straight and smooth walls.

It is convenient to clean them with a scraper, to maintain. If the tank is round, then it will be inconvenient to reach its corners, it is difficult to wash.

A 10-liter aquarium pollutes faster than a 50-100-liter aquarium. Water changes will have to be done more often, as well as comprehensive cleaning, which is not useful for the biobalance of the aquatic environment and the health of the fish.

The main disadvantage of mini tanks is a small amount of water. It does not fit a lot of fish. There you can settle 1-2 fish, and no more.

In a large aquarium, water changes are not strongly felt, in a small one this is a great stress. Any changes in the biological balance: fish death, overfeeding, pollution immediately affect the aquatic environment.

The only thing that can be done is to adjust the water parameters in time, feed the fish gently, clean the bottom.

See how the ground siphon in the nano aquarium.

To care for a small aquarium should be the same as for a large one. Once a week you need to change 10-15% of water, if necessary. So that the fish do not have stress, do not replace the water completely, try to add it in small portions.

The ideal aquarium filter for such a tank is a pump with an internal sponge. The sponge cannot be washed out under running water, otherwise all beneficial bacteria participating in the nitrogen cycle will die.

If you choose the smallest reservoir, then it will be almost impossible to install plants and decorations. Some skillfully planted even in 3-liter jars of dwarf plants, but it is inconvenient to take care of them. In the 10-liter tank there is the possibility to hold a dwarf anubias, a dwarf arrowhead, an echinodorus “dwarf amazon”, a dwarf cryptocoryne.

Plants for a small aquarium are able to control the level of nitrite, nitrate and ammonia, create shelters for fish. Make sure that the aquarium was the ground.

Choose a substrate treated, clean, without paint. Remember that using a regular scraper to clean aquariums of minimal size is very difficult from the layer of plaque.


Now about feeding. As you know, overfeeding harms not only the health of the fish, but also adversely affects the quality of water. All uneaten decays, turning into harmful impurities and bacteria.

Decay products are deposited on the bottom and reservoir machines, disturbing the stability of the biological environment. Fish should be fed, hunger is also not an option. Once a week, arrange fasting days for fish.

Add food to 4-6 grains, which pet is swallowed by force. What is not eaten, you need to remove the gauze net.

Let’s for fish that live in a small 10-20-liter nursery as much feed as they eat in 2-6 minutes. Flakes, live food, sinking granules fit. They sink slowly and do not pollute the environment.

If you live on bottom catfish, they will eat everything on their own. Fish can be fed to their usual high-grade food, without disturbing the diet.

It is important to clean everything in time.

See how to make a small aquarium.

What kind of fish can you keep in mini aquariums? In a small 10-20 liter tank you need to settle pets with miniature body size.

Fish 2-6 centimeters in length will carry such a volume of water. But remember that even small fish want to swim in a spacious environment.

They can not be kept in containers that will restrict movement. Territorial and aggressive fish cannot be accommodated in mini aquariums. Which do not need to settle in a 10-liter aquariums?

These are swordtails, barbus averages, cichlids, gourami, danios. They have an active and energetic disposition, they need more space for shelter.


In the aquarium of 10-20 liters, you can settle small barbs, pseudomogil gertrudy, rice fish, cherry barbus, rasbor, erythrosalonus, neon, tetra Amanda. Also there you can keep such fish and shrimp: catfish ottsinklyus, corridor, shrimp amano, cherry shrimp, copper tetra.

A representative of the genus Pecilia, viviparous fishes get along well in mini tanks.

You need to buy breeds of fish with a strong immunity, that is, not actually thoroughbred, but hybrids. If you do not have the opportunity to buy a spacious “house” for your small pet, you need to buy a small aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters. There are also often settled well-known Siamese cockerels.

The cockerel can live alone, does not get along with relatives, this is after all a fighting fish.

See also: Small aquarium fish.

Round-shaped aquariums have been popular for over 50 years, while they look beautiful and fit into almost any interior – from a child’s room to a business office.

The choice of fish – the most significant for a round aquarium

When selecting fish for a round aquarium, it is very important to know the required volume for a particular type of adult and the minimum number of fish in the flock (group for maintenance). The most common misconception about a round aquarium, which has become the dream of many novice aquarists, is the content of goldfish or angelfish in it.

Aquarium for gold should be at least 70 liters, and for scalars at least 100 liters, while the water column or height of the aquarium needs more than 45 cm. Of course, a goldfish can be held in 10 liters, the only question is how long you will be tormented in torment until death. If you want to contain a goldfish, then get an aquarium from 100 liters. And do not worry that this is a large capacity.

If you like the fish, you will soon have to acquire a much larger aquarium.

Some lovers say that they have golden fish that live up to three years. But they probably do not know that the average duration of these beauties is up to 15 years, and long-livers please their owners for about 20 years.

At the same time, for a year, with sufficient litrage, a goldfish grows up to 12 cm, and for a small one, it does not exceed 4 cm.

The most optimal solution for a round aquarium with a volume of 25 liters for the selection of fish is: 1 cock, 5 neons, 2-3 lines. Other types of fish can be settled, but before that you should consult with a specialist, indicating that you have a round aquarium.

It should be noted that the leading manufacturers of aquariums and equipment offer a range of complete round aquariums, which already have a backlight, a filter and a thermostat. It is simple to maintain them, moreover, they selected the optimal parameters of fish life support devices.

The main purpose of decorative aquariums is to belong to the interior, that is, it is not an ordinary jar of fish, but becomes the object of increased attention. If a typical aquarium is characterized by an approach to keeping conditions to the most comfortable existence of its inhabitants and, as a result, to reproduction, then decorative aquariums simply delight the view of those who are in the room.

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish.

As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world.

They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium – he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food.

The activity of these soms is manifested with the onset of dusk or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind – the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Order, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering – it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous).

The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch.

Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums.

Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° C.
Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time.

This is due to the fact that the homeland – the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 28 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them).

Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors.

An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish – artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5–7.5, water hardness: 5–15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious.

Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating.

This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Order, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5.8-7.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid.

The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes.

The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care – for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters.

However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone.

After all, even with mother’s milk, we all heard a fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish – silver carp.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish.

They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty – anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Order, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable – Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors.

The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium – by keeping them with “Goldfish” you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition.

Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat.

The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color.

They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish.

It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price.

May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Order, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 – 25 ° C.
Ph: 7.0 – 7.5.
dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name.

In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
Ph acidity: 5.5 – 8 °.
Stiffness dH: 5-20 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.

Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6.0-7.5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors.

Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes.

As neighbors, we can recommend: Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive chichlaids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium.

Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature – deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Order, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 – 24 p.
Ph acidity: 5.7 – 7.0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin “thorax” – the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Order, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph “acidity”: 5.8-7.5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish – these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma – one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words “nigro” – black and “fascia” – ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30 °.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex.

Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

Creating and maintaining biological balance – the optimal ratio of plants, decor and fish for a small aquarium is quite a laborious job. Residents of the aquarium should feel comfortable in a small space.

To do this, do not overload the small aquarium inhabitants.

Fish for a small aquarium is chosen depending on their size and nature. Small fish with a calm, peaceful nature are preferable.

You can combine several species of fish with the same content requirements or create ideal conditions for one breed.

Guppies, small golden and cherry barbs, gourami, glowing tetras are fish for a small aquarium. The aquarium looks good with one goldfish or a cockerel.

Also in such a reservoir, you can settle danios or neons.

Keep track of the size of your pets. With good care, the fish grow in a small aquarium, and it becomes crowded.

Catch large fish in large domestic reservoirs and replace them with young.

Water is required for marine and freshwater fish. Under natural conditions, the main requirement is purity, because harmful impurities do not allow the inhabitants to successfully multiply and develop.

However, how is the situation at home? In fact, the question “what kind of water to pour into the aquarium” is really important, because you need to remember the quality of aquarium water.

For example, if you use untreated water taken from the tap, pets will have to face serious harm. For this reason, you need to remember useful recommendations.

In the aquarium is best to pour, trying to achieve certain indicators.

  1. Room temperature is the best option for aquarium residents. For this reason, a decent indicator is from +23 to +26 degrees. For this reason, in the cold season it is undesirable to take the aquarium to the balcony or put a house for fish next to a heater or a radiator.
  2. Water hardness largely determines the life expectancy of aquarium dwellers. Taking into account this nuance, it is desirable to control the composition of the water used. Calcium, magnesium always lead to increased rigidity. The range of hardness pleases with its variety. Fish can live in water of any hardness, but at the same time magnesium and calcium become useful only with certain quantitative indicators. In the aquarium, you can allow the fact that the hardness will change on an ongoing basis, because the inhabitants will absorb the salt. Taking into account the regular changes of an important indicator, it is recommended to update the water in the aquarium.
  3. Water purification involves a complete change of water in the aquarium. However, this task is not always necessary. Modern technologies allow the use of special filters for cleaning, operating on activated carbon.

This parameter depends on the temperature, plants and fish. Aeration allows you to control oxygen in the house of marine or freshwater inhabitants who fall into the conditions of the apartment.

Manufacturers offer special devices, pleasing efficiency with respect to the flow of oxygen into the aquarium.

In addition, cleaning filters with pre-installed compressors can be used. Being engaged in the full control of water, there is an opportunity to guarantee the successful livelihoods of fish.

Without fail, any indicator related to water should change gradually and without abrupt changes. Responsible approach and taking into account the numerous nuances allows you to bring the conditions in the aquarium to the natural environment.

Each owner of the aquarium understands the need to change the water in the house for fish.

Old water should be drained from the aquarium using a hose. It is recommended to use a tank located below the main aquarium.

It is best to place the fish and snails in the bottle for a while, where the separated water will be.

During the event it is advisable to wash the aquarium algae using cold water. Some plants will have to throw out, causing such an act adverse changes in the state.

Decorative details, including pebbles and shells, aquarium sculptures, you need to rinse with hot water from a tap, but the cleaning products can not be used. If necessary, pebbles are allowed to process boiled water.

To remove dirt from aquarium glasses, a special brush is traditionally used.

After a similar procedure, shells and stones can be placed in the aquarium. The next step is to plant algae.

After this, you can fill the aquarium with water, but you should not overdo it with the thickness of the stream. After the new water is added, it is recommended to install aquarium equipment to monitor the life of the inhabitants.

It is recommended to run the fish only after all the procedures have been successfully carried out.

How often should water be replaced? Partial volume is recommended for weekly execution, because the water can evaporate.

For this reason, once a week it is best to add water to the aquarium. Full cleaning should be done once a month.

If the fish died due to substandard water from the tap or other adverse factors, it is advisable to replace the aquarium water, thereby securing other marine or freshwater inhabitants.

Full control over the living conditions of the aquarium dwellers guarantees the opportunity to enjoy beautiful and healthy fish.

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