maintenance, care, compatibility
Black-striped Tsikhlazoma: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Black-striped tsikhlasoma – one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex.
Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
Well, consider this representative of the aquarium world in more detail.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words “nigro” – black and “fascia” – ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30 °.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatibility black-striped tsikhlazoma, surprisingly livable fish. And this is despite the fact that she is a prominent representative of an aggressive family – cichlids. It has a calm disposition and friendly attitude even to small neighbors.
With this fish, you can conduct “experiments” and fit relatively compatible fish to it, this issue is described in more detail in this article. Aquarium Fish Compatibility. As recommendations, it may be advisable to contain a black-striped cichlase with other medium and small cichlids: a parrot, a diamond cichlid, pseudotrophy.
Barbusses, gourami, swordtails and Terrence, too, can get along with them. Black-striped Tsikhlazoma calmly reacts to labo, combat, thoracato, corridor (speckled catfish).
However, in the issue of compatibility of this fish with somopodnym need to be careful. After all, the black-striped cichlase man spawns at the bottom of the aquarium and soma will particularly interfere with this process, swimming on the territory of the cichlids.
As a result, in the aquarium there will be skirmishes and fights.
Not compatible: Black-striped Cichlacoma does not get along with large and aggressive fish: astronotus, akara, piranha. And on the flip side, too small and slow-moving fish will not get along with it: small tetras, a family of goldfish, guppies, mollies, and other petillium (with the exception of swordtails).
How many live: Black-striped Cichlasma are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10-15 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum volume of the aquarium: black-striped tsikhlazomy not very large cichlids, for their content will be the best aquarium of 100 liters. for a couple. However, there are cases of keeping black-striped and in the aquarium 50l. In such an aquarium, the fish will not be comfortable, they will not grow, and the breeding process will be questionable.
About how much you can keep other fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for care and maintenance: Black-striped Cichlacoma is unpretentious in care. Ensuring optimal parameters of aquarium water is the key to their successful keeping and breeding.
That is why many aquarists recommend everyone to start practicing cichlids from these fish.
Perhaps, special attention should be paid to the bottom and bottom of the aquarium, as well as to competent zoning of the aquarium when keeping the black-banded cykhlasoma.
on the picture
Male Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum
The fact is that these tsikhlazomy very fond of “rummaging in the ground” turning it at their discretion on its head. As the soil can be recommended medium and fine-grained pebbles, gravel, granite chips.
More shallow soil, for example, sand for tsiklazom not suitable.
Aquarium zoning is done by such decorative elements as grottoes, rocks, snags, caves, etc. Proper separation of the aquarium into zones can also be carried out with the help of plants with a strong root system, for example, cryptocorinas or echinodorus, as well as vallisneria.
At the same time, it is important to properly root the plants – they are lined with and pressed by larger stones with a different decor, so that the black-striped tsikhlazomy not dug them.
If you are planning to breed these fish, then the aquarium bottom must also be equipped with a flat stone, a pot, and other similar decorations, which tsikhlazymy use as a substrate for spawning. In my opinion, even if you do not have a particular desire to engage in breeding your pets, such a decor should be in the pond.
After all, an aquarium is an imitation of the natural (natural) habitat conditions of fish and the atmosphere as close as possible to them in the aquarium will be comfort for fish.
Filtration, aeration and weekly substitution of up to 1/3 of the volume of water is also necessary. There are no special requirements for lighting the aquarium.
Feeding and diet: fish are omnivores, they are happy to eat live food, including ice cream (bloodworms, Artemia, pipe worker, etc.). Cychlasmas, also need vegetable feed, remember that a third of their diet should be exactly vegetable food.
What is achieved by purchasing the appropriate feed in pet stores, or by growing inexpensive and fast growing plants, for example Roasters. In addition, they can be given cabbage leaves and lettuce, oatmeal flakes pre-scalded with boiling water. Fish calmly tolerate dry food and substitutes.
Prone to overeating.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, these tsikhlazomy live: lakes and streams of Guatemala, Panama, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
Description: tsikhlazomy body high, slightly extended in length and compressed on each side. The head is large, the eyes are large, the lips are thick. The body and fins of tsikhlazomy painted in grayish-blue, gray color.
Along the body are 8-9 black stripes. The size of the fish in the aquarium reaches a maximum of 10 cm.
The male is larger and brighter than the female.
Story: The first description of fish in 1867, first brought to Europe by Johann Paul Arnold in 1934.