Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Aquarium fish: the names of the most popular indoor species alphabetically for an aquarium, catalog, description for beginners

Aquarium fish: the names of the most popular indoor species alphabetically for an aquarium, catalog, description for beginners

Among the pets popular aquarium fish. Silent and not occupying a lot of space, do not require specific care and a lot of time.

Lighted up with the idea to purchase a couple of ornamental fish, you need to learn in detail about the features of each species and the requirements for the content, and when buying, navigate in the names of the fish.

The title of favorites deserve unpretentious or interesting inhabitants. The most popular aquarium fish get along well with their neighbors and are adapted to different conditions of detention. Studying the catalog with a list of fish, novice aquarist may get confused because of the huge number of species.

Therefore, we have collected the names of all common aquarium fish in the list in alphabetical order for easy perception.

A distinctive feature of these loaches is the oblong body, reaching 12 cm in length in adults. Unpretentious and non-conflict, they do not require large spaces.

The period of activity of aquarium fish falls on the night, rarely found during the day. The behavior of Acantoftalmus Kühl is characterized by digging among the ground in search of food, which plays a role in the purification of the aquarium.

Akantoftalmus kyulya

Akara turquoise and bluish-spotted were named due to the scales of rich blue color. It is recommended to start predators by experienced aquarists, as Akaras are fastidious in food.

The fish tank should be filled with soft and constantly cleaned water. Substitute to them should be large and strong fish.

Akara bourisovaya

Somiki-antsistra differ catchy color and rounded mouth with suckers. These relatively peaceful catfish like to eat algae and dead organic matter. Antsistra need a spacious aquarium with a powerful filter.

These little catfish are confused with brocade pterigoplicht – a larger fish species.


The group of South American cichlids has more than one hundred species, combined by a color with a horizontal stripe, passing through the whole body of the fish. The average size of dwarf cichlids does not exceed 8 cm.

Non-conflict, but intraspecific clashes between males are possible. The best filling of the aquarium will be water mosses, algae and snags, recreating the natural habitat.

And also called fish apistogramma butterfly.


They won sympathy among fans of water pets due to grace and perceptible appearance. Astronotuses reach 25 cm in length, grow rapidly. Small fishes of this species are difficult to care for and need a large aquarium designed for 300–500 liters.

You will need deep water filtration. It is not recommended to substitute other fish species.

It is worth avoiding sharp scenery and provide them with shelters.


Small individuals of aquarium fish of the carp family strike a variety of species. Barbs are omnivorous fishes, they like muffled light and easily adapt to different conditions.


The presented view of loaches will look very impressive in a spacious aquarium thanks to a yellow-orange color with dark stripes. In nature, bots live in packs, so for a comfortable life it is placed from three fish in one vessel.

Difficult to maintain.

Botsiya clown

Viviparsing fish that delight their owners with a stunning appearance. Guppies are unpretentious in food and simple care.

Many breeds have a nice veil tail. Body size is small: 1.5–4 cm in length.


Variety of labyrinth fishes. Different in appearance and color.

Gourami adapt to different conditions. An important detail for normal life is access to air.


Graceful and small fish from the carp family. The sizes of these mobile fish for an aquarium reach 6 cm.

Danios belong to social animals, therefore they are kept in flocks of 5-6 individuals.


Extremely capricious, they cause problems with maintenance even for experienced aquarists. Possess charming color and flat body shape.

They require high temperatures and frequent water purification. Discussions love to be in the company of their own kind.


There are more than 120 different breeds of goldfish. They prefer water saturated with oxygen and a spacious aquarium. Over time, they grow to 16 cm, while several individuals should be launched.

If the conditions of detention are met, then there is no trouble with them.

gold fish

Japanese koi carps are very large inhabitants of the aquatic environment, intended for keeping in ponds or large tanks. Unpretentious, it is only important to monitor the purity of the water.

Long-lived carps are omnivorous, have an interesting color with fiery orange and dark spots.

Carps koi

Small and non-conflict catfish perfectly coexist with the majority of peaceful aquarium fish. Unpretentious and omnivorous. Fish corridors clear the ground, swimming along the bottom in search of food.

They love to stay in the shade. Beginners can safely consider these beauties as inhabitants of the aquarium.


Small labyrinth fish with expressive iridescent color. Lyaliuses are a little shy, get along with other peaceful types of aquarium fish.

A great example of a combination of extraordinary appearance and unpretentiousness.


Also called paradise fish, home macropod is endowed with blue scales and large iridescent tail and fin. It is undemanding.


The swordtail received its name because of the outgrowth on the tail, resembling a sword. This is a small viviparous individual, which is characterized by interesting color combinations in color, unpretentiousness and high survival rate.


A small representative of the carp family with an incredibly bright color. The average length of a microseparate galaxy of an adult individual is 2 cm.

She prefers to stay in flocks, unpretentious.

Microdistribution galaxy

A small indoor viviparous fish, reaching 10 cm in length. Breeding and maintenance does not require extensive experience.

The main variety of colors of mollies is silver and gold, as well as dark and green. The silver color with black dots is a distinctive feature of mollies of the Dalmatian breed.

Novice aquarists more suitable variant with short fins.


Tiny came from the Kharacin family. Neons reach 2–3 cm in length, have a memorable color with a bright blue stripe.

Due to the color scheme, low requirements for care and the ability to live without any problems with other small fish.


Popular with aquarists due to the similarity with the white shark. Because of this, it is called shark catfish.

In nature it grows up to 130 cm, in captivity it has smaller sizes. For the free movement of the fish requires a spacious tank, equipped with powerful filters.

Pangasius has a gentle skin, therefore it is vulnerable to injury.


It has a tail that resembles a long flowing dress. The eye-catching external features are present in most selective species, and natural species that do not look so impressive have also survived. Chickens come in a variety of colors.

Of the minuses can be noted the conflict of some individuals. Artificially bred breeds are more susceptible to diseases and infections.

Cockerel Fish

A very popular type of viviparous fish. There is a wide variety of color options. In nature, there are often types of yellow with black blotches.

Percylia unpretentious and peaceful.


Peaceful catfish with spotty color. Often, over the course of life, body colors change. Pterigoplhits are quite large and unhurried.

In nature, grow up to 50 centimeters, in captivity are smaller. Easy care, brocade catfish requires only the presence of a spacious aquarium and compliance with the plant diet.


Bold colors and original forms of fins and body are characteristic of the iris. The dorsal fin in these cute fish with a gap that divides it into two parts. Like many small fish, the iris mobility and non-conflict.

School creatures for which sharp fluctuations in water parameters and temperature conditions are undesirable.


These Indochinese aquatic creatures eat algae, thereby maintaining cleanliness in the aquarium. On the small yellowish abdomen of the algae there is a dark strip, the fins and tail are transparent.

Despite the speaking name, representatives of the carp family are omnivores.

Siamese seaweed

Some species of catfish grow up to 30 cm. Holders of the abdomen with a contrasting spotty or striped pattern prefer a fixed lifestyle, a 200-liter vessel is enough for one fish.

Peace lovers, get along with other species. Synodontians live mainly on the bottom, so you need to feed the sinking food.


Popular cichlids with a majestic appearance. They have a flat body shape and large fins. The most common breeds are artificially bred, it influenced the variety of colors and patterns of scales.

Angelfish are vulnerable to disease. Requires clean water with little current.

Can show aggression.


Goldfish, called a telescope for bulging eyes. The protruding eyes are fully formed in adults after 6 months.

Due to the specific structure of the eyelids, aquarium decorations with sharp elements should be discarded. Like the rest of the goldfish, the telescope does not need complex care.

Fish telescope

Small representatives of the Kharacin family. The body of the fish of ternation reaches 5 cm in length and has a silver color as standard.

The color is notable for a pair of dark vertical stripes. There are artificially derived species with a bright color color. From the requirements for care, you can highlight the need to timely change the water and keep the environment clean.

Schooling fish.


Small and beautiful fish, suitable for keeping in a small aquarium. Like neons, it is easy to get along with non-conflict fish of another species.

They love to be in the company. The color of tetras depends on the species, it can be of various shades from silver to fiery red.

Transparent and translucent individuals are also found.


The size of the fish depends on the species. Individuals 10–12 cm in size are popular, for example, Meihki Cykhlazoma or Black-Striped Cichlasome. They prefer to keep in flocks or in pairs, during the spawning period they become more aggressive.

The colors are different, including striped and spotty.

Diamond cichlase

Combining several thousand species. Often aggressive, while cichlids are caring parents. Popular family of fish with samples of different shapes, colorings and sizes.

Unpretentious and easily adaptable to any conditions.

Malawian cichlid

A lonely predator is a black knife from the apterot family. In the natural environment reaches 50 cm, in the aquarium – up to 40 cm.

The shape of the body resembles a knife, the color of the fish is completely black. It has a special electric organ that helps fish in hunting. The diet of the animal consists of aquatic insects and fry.

Requires good filtration and a spacious aquarium. Keep together with your species is not worth it, relatives kind of aggressively to each other, but with other large species of fish-knife behaves calmly.

Fish black knife

The visual similarity of Black Pak or Tambaka with bloodthirsty piranha is noticeable. Fish from 70 cm in size need a wide aquarium with powerful filtration.

Need to buy a spacious vessel. Paku are omnivorous and shy, you should keep the fish away from loud and harsh sounds.

Black paku

Each breed is unique and may not correspond to the general characteristics of the family to which it belongs. Each aquarist has to choose for himself which fish are suitable for him and under the conditions he can create for them.

Fans of predators are admired by the well-known piranhas. And also Aristochrome Kristi – a large carnivorous fish, painted in blue and gray tones, won the place.

Such species of fish are distinguished as the Serpochtail Barracuda, Tiger Perch, Golden Leopard, Scale Reaper, Exodon.

From non-standard aquarium cloisters, Fish Toad and Leaffish stand out, named for their appearance, angler catfish with a specific body shape, Bornei tetradon with red eyes. Uniquely look fish with a transparent body, for example, Glass Angel and Glass Bass.

There is also a group of Killy fish that are united by habitat. The list of fish has about 1270 items. In nature, Killy live in small bodies of water, this is reflected in the appearance of the fish and gives them a resemblance.

Names of some species: Azraksky karzubik, Notobranchius Rahova, Panhaks, Myers Fish, Florida and Japanese Orziya.

From the calm and peaceful species of aquarium fish can be distinguished Spiny catfish, the Bolivian butterfly, Geophagus Orangehead and Imperial minnow.

Approach to the decision on the acquisition of fish should be responsible, because it is at least small, but living creatures. From the list of fish above, an aquarist can decide on a view, and then get acquainted in detail with a detailed description of aquarium fish.

Universal tips for taking care of water pets:

  • The capacity of the aquarium is calculated based on the size of the fish: for every 5 cm of the body, 2 liters of water are required.
  • With the complete absence or lack of experience in maintaining aquarium fish, it is strongly not recommended to acquire expensive exotic species.
  • The vessel with fish that do not require access to oxygen is covered with a lid, otherwise aquarium animals can jump out.
  • Residues of uneaten food should be removed from the water tank in time.
  • Overfeeding fish can not, in order to avoid health problems. Feed the feed should be in the amount with which the fish cope in 5 minutes.
  • Do not allow sudden changes in temperature and change the acid-base balance.
  • Keep the aquarium away from noise and vibrations.
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