Size up to 20 cm. Perches Solar perch in the waters of North America, as well as in the CIS in the lower reaches of the rivers flowing into the Black Sea.
The male of the perch of the sun is colored brighter, on the gill cover it has a black spot in the red border. In the female, the edging is usually absent or weakly expressed.
Contain perch solar in aquariums with sandy soil, planted with plants with free swimming plots. May coexist with large but peaceful species. Perch sunny omnivorous.
Water for content: GH from 10 to 20 °; pH 7.0-8.0; t when the content is from 15 to 25 ° C, at a dilution of 2-3 ° C above. For spawning, the most active pair is taken from the school of fish and deposited in the spawning area of 100–150 liters with a layer of 5–7 cm of large river sand.
Water in spawning should be clean, settled. Plants in spawning place optional. Aeration and filtration of water are necessary, since the producers are in the spawning farm for several days.
The percentage of larvae depends on the quality and purity of the water. Producers of the perch solar in spawning can be fed.
The male of the perch of the sun digs a hole in the ground where the female lays its eggs. Spawning quite stormy and usually lasts 1-2 hours.
After spawning, the female can be removed. The male takes further care of the offspring, he actively cares for caviar and larvae. The larvae come out after 2 days, after another 5-6 days the fry begin to swim.
After that, the male is deposited and begin to feed the fry. Starter feed – artemia, rotifers and nauplii.
The fry of the perch solar grow fast. The female of the perch of the sun throws 1,000 or more eggs.
Fish reach sexual maturity after a year. Sun perch does not tolerate a decrease in pH less than 6.0, so it is difficult to keep it in aquariums with a tight fit. This is especially true when caring for a large number of fry.
When growing fry, daily substitution of 1/3 or at least 1/4 of water is necessary.
You can buy Sunfish in a specialized nursery. The price of Perch fry can be found on the bulletin board.
Images Perch solar can be found in the species and breeds.