maintenance, care, compatibility
The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree.
Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish “in the soul” remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up the water and dig up the plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty.
By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color – brown.
Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts – pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name aquarium fish – ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER – one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a “sword”.
They are also known for eating algae and snails.
HEMBERS –Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 25 °; pH 7 – 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world.
The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long.
Do not know who to plant in the aquarium – buy a corridor.
CORRIDORAS—Name of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish – thorns, which are under the eyes.
These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN—Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs – for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular.
Size in the aquarium – up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS—Name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED – peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years.
It eats algae of almost all types and even “Vietnamese”.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 4 – 20 °; pH 6.5 – 7
VODOROSLEED –Name of aquarium fish
DISKUS – the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish.
Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature.
If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 – 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 – 6
DISKUS—Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI – the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat – North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous.
The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails.
Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 – 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
GUPPI—Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
SHARK BALA—Name of aquarium fish
COCK – betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ.
The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters.
Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 – 28 ° С; dH 5 – 15 °; pH 6 – 8
COCK –Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI – peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam.
They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime.
Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 – 26 ° С; dH 8 – 10 °; pH 6.5 – 7
GURAMI—Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color – a black body with longitudinal white stripes.
Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO—Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters.
Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail.
The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
Mollensia—Name of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus – petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches.
Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude.
It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD—Name of aquarium fish
NEON – mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals.
It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers.
The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 – 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 – 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 – 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY – angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium.
This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 – 6 individuals.
A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae.
Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 – 27 ° С; dH 6 – 15 °; pH 6.5 – 7.5
SCALARIAN—Name of aquarium fish
The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA—Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color – black and silver, in black vertical stripes.
The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA—Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species.
All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows—Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS – large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual.
Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed.
Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 – 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 – 8.5
ASTROTONUS –Name of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE – bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In the aquarium it grows up to 40 cm.
In the daytime, mostly hiding. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals.
An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 – 25 ° С; dH 4 – 18 °; pH 6 – 7.5
FISH KNIFE—Name of aquarium fish
Maintenance and nutrition of aquarium fish.
There is a huge variety of species and subspecies, families, genera, orders and sub-orders of aquarium fish.
This information is mainly used by experienced breeders and razvodchiki fish. We will consider the families and types of fish that are most common in home aquariums.
The carp family is considered to be the most popular aquarium fish, among them such species of fish as the barbus, goldfish, danios.
The second most famous is the family of kartozubyh fishes. This includes such species of fish as the swordtails, guppies, mollies, petilia.
Various catfish are very famous, among them antsistrusy, fighting are especially known. Next in popularity are the cichlids family, for example, such fish species as scalar, chromis, discus and tsikhlazomy.
Also, a significant part of aquarists prefer labyrinth families of fish, such as cockerels, lyalius and macropads.
These are calving and viviparous fishes. Breeding aquarium fish are those fish that spawn in the ground or on plants, and then fry appear from it.
And viviparous aquarium fish are fish that immediately produce fry, which can do without the help of parents. It should also be noted that among the aquarium fish there are predatory fish that feed on smaller fish than themselves.
Aquarium Fish Decoration Aquarium
Section “Aquarium fish“ includes a description of aquarium fish of various species and requirements for their maintenance. Here are the most popular families and types of aquarium fishto.
The carp family of fish, among which such species of fish as the goldfish, barbus, danios, can rightly be considered the most common in modern aquarism. The next most popular family of fish – Persian.
The sword-bearer, guppy, petilia and mollies – these species of fish became the first experience for many aquarists. Catfish are also popular.
Deserved interest are the types of fighting and antsistrusy. The popularity of such a family of fish as the Cichlids is growing every year. Some species of fish of this family, such as the discus, scalaria, astronotus, tsikhlazomy and chromis are now quite widespread.
Do not forget about the other families of fish, such as Labyrinth with their wonderful representatives – males, llyausami and macropods.
Aquarium fish VIDEO
MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented. However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain.
Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
Gourami – endemics of Southeast Asia. They like calm warm water. In the general nursery they can be terrorized by barbs, because fish movements are slow and unhurried.
Plant groups of live plants so that the fish have a place to hide. Compatible with guppy fish, swordtails, mollies, iris, discus.
South American scalars – badly coexist with guppies and neons, perceiving the latter for food. Contained in the same conditions as large cichlids. It is advisable to settle alone or immediately two adult individuals that grew together.
Swordsmen neighbors can resist them thanks to a clever disposition.
The iris is an aquarium fish of bright colors that attract predators in the wild. Incompatible with koi carps, cichlids, goldfish, astronotus.
Compatible with scalars, gourami, corridors, danios, guppies, mollies, ramings, fights.
One of the most tranquil species of catfish, also loves to eat algae. In appearance – charming fish, different peaceful disposition and slow swimming style. For settlement enough aquarium with a volume of 50 liters.
It is advisable to settle immediately 6 fish, because catfish are shy and shy.
It also requires a sufficient number of shelters in the form of grottoes, caves and snags. Their fragile body is sensitive to water quality, so regular water renewal is necessary.
You can settle with small fish (no more than 5 cm) and slow, swimming in the middle and upper layers of the reservoir.
Small aquarium fish, males are smaller than females, the length of aquarium species is 4-5 cm. Peace-loving creatures do not touch their neighbors.
However, large and predatory fish can offend them. You can not keep with aquarium sharks, sword, giant gourami, pangasius.
It is also not recommended to settle in with them barbs and crescents, who like to tear off the fins to beautiful fish.
They are well accustomed to neon rastorami cardinals, speckled catfish, tarakatuma. It should be settled in one tank a small flock of 5 fish, in such numbers they will be comfortable and safe.
At this number of fish enough 20-50-liter aquarium.
TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES
with photo, description and links
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century.
Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red.
A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female’s belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc.
This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants.
Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 – 23 ° С, in the winter – 15 – 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%.
If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish.
Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.
It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish’s esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which could be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds – flakes, 20-30 seconds – granules) in water and only then give them to the fish.
When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 – 35 years, short ones – up to 15 years.
Types of goldfish
Heavenly eye or astrologer
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward.
Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color.
Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm.
It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different.
The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big.
The color of the veil tail is different – from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin.
Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called “Goldfish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish – with a growth-cap on its head.
The body, like many “Goldfish” ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of “Golden Fish”. Homeland – Japan. Ranchu literally translated as “cast in orchid.”
The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility
Another selection form of “Golden Fish”, derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds.
In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape.
Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle.
In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Video with Golden Fish species
The aquarium can be not only a house for your pets, but also a chic addition to the design of your apartment. In addition to a variety of aquatic plants and attractive accessories, the main decoration can be the aquarium fish themselves.
It is necessary to carefully study the description of the existing types of aquarium fish and purchase the pets you like. And we will try to help you with the choice.
There are a lot of species of aquarium fish, let’s look at the most popular and common ones.
Types of peace-loving aquarium fish
The most popular type of peaceful aquarium fish are guppy. These very unpretentious small fishes will be ideal pets for the beginning aquarists. Guppies come in a wide variety of colors, are undemanding in matters of nutrition and conditions of detention.
These viviparous fishes.
Also very common are such fish as neon. They eat mostly live food, but no less willingly eat dry and frozen food. Neons are of several types: black, red, ordinary and blue.
These fish are very friendly and mobile, any aquarium will be suitable for their maintenance.
Perfect neighbors for neons will be similar to them in terms of food and content cardinals.
Very popular with aquarists angelfish. But for beginners in this business it is better to start with simpler fish. The fact is that the angelfish are very demanding in matters of care, nutrition, and they need an aquarium not small in size.
But if you are not afraid of difficulties and there is an opportunity to purchase an aquarium of the right size – the angelfish will give you a lot of positive emotions, because these are very beautiful fish with a rather unusual body shape.
The frequent inhabitants of aquariums are goldfish. Among the most famous types of aquarium goldfish are species such as a telescope, a red cap, an ordinary goldfish. In terms of content, they are quite unpretentious, omnivorous.
Goldfish grow quite large, so they need a large aquarium. Count on, for example, that 4 fish require an aquarium with a volume of 60 liters or more.
Types of live-bearing aquarium fish
In addition to guppies, live-breeding aquarium fish include the following types:
These are the most common representatives. These fish are also not demanding in conditions of detention and almost omnivorous.
In addition, there is a rich selection of varieties of different colors and sizes.
Types of small aquarium fish
There are very small exotic fish, no larger than two centimeters in size. For example, Killi fish, Tangany lampricht, rice fish, etc.
But as aquarium fish, they are extremely rare, since the conditions of their content are quite specific.
Types of labyrinth aquarium fish
The most popular types of labyrinth fish are cockerels, lyalius and macropods. All these fishes without problems get on with the majority of peace aquarium small fishes and are undemanding in questions of the maintenance.
Labyrinth fish can breathe atmospheric air and, moreover, are exemplary parents.
Types of predatory aquarium fish
To the most common predatory Aquarium fish include:
- shell pike;
- spotted Indian knife.
Predatory fish, especially if they are large, will bring to the aquarium exotics and entertainment. Only you shouldn’t settle down with peace-loving fish as neighbors, if you don’t want, of course, check out the hunting instinct of predators in action.
Of all the aquarium fish, gold probably has the longest history. They were removed in China about a thousand and a half years ago from gold carp for the purpose of home maintenance. These beautiful creatures lived not only in artificial reservoirs of palaces, but also in luxurious vases in the chambers of noble people of that time.
At the moment there are a huge number of varieties of goldfish. They are still in demand and decorate aquariums around the world.
In this article we will look at the types that are most popular among fans.