Good day, dear readers of my blog. I am glad to welcome you on the pages of my resource dedicated to the amazing art – Aquarism.
Today, the post will be about the small fish, as I was asked by one of the readers. Well, since the word of the reader is law to me, the article will be on anyone!
The aquarium fish Petsilia, as well as swordtails with mollies, is very popular with many aquarists with experience and not only. On the territory of the European continent, they appeared in the last century and they got there from the southern regions of Mexico and Guatemala. In nature, these fish predominantly inhabit rivers flowing into the Atlantic.
Wild forms, unlike aquarium ones, are not so bright and colorful. A wild representative of the yellow-brown petily, and at the end of the tala there are two dark specks.
Due to the rather long period of breeding these fish in aquariums, a huge number of hybrids appeared. The shape of their body has not changed, but the variations of all kinds of colors have become very, very much.
Relatively recently, the patchillia with a shortened body and modified fins appeared.
The adult individual Pesilia reaches 5 centimeters in length and, like other hydrobionts, females are larger than their boyfriends. Although at first glance the fish is rather clumsy, it also remains very mobile.
For this reason, it is recommended to leave enough space in the fish tank for all fish, without exception, for free swimming. How to distinguish the female from the male?
Very simply, in the placus, like in the Sword, the caudal fin has gonopody, which is used in mating games.
At the moment, aquarists know about a dozen color variants of the particles. The most popular and common: green Schwartz with a wide black stripe, red and yellow platies, speckled, Berlin (its main color is red), pale red, blue and red.
Here are all the most common basic variations of coloring this fish. In addition to the above, you can also meet the golden patzil, which is painted in bright yellow color.
Petilia radish – this variety was obtained by artificial crosses. The radish has a rather orginal tail fin, having a wide strip in the middle.
Radish can be of different colors and is no different in terms of conditions from its other counterparts.
I really like the sailing plazillia, in which the dorsal fin has the appearance of a wide sail. What he reminds me of is the fin of the ocean marlin fish, it hurts the resemblance is great.
A sailboat is quite unpretentious as the rest of its gather, so it can be easily bought by novice aquarists to fill their hands.
As I mentioned a bit above, the plaquilla fish is unpretentious and contain no difficulties. For a small flock of petsyli, a bank of 50 liters with a lot of vegetation and a decent springboard for swimming in the center is suitable.
If you have only a couple of individuals, then you can even keep it in a five-liter can. The composition of the water in the aquarium practically does not play any role, but still try to keep the jar clean. Temperature control for these fish should be moderate, 23-25 degrees Celsius is ideal.
It is recommended not to be lazy and once a week to substitute ¼ of the water for fresh, which will favorably affect the content of the placium.
If the living conditions in the aquarium are good, then the fish will never complain about their health. With a sufficiently dense settlement of the aquarium and low water temperature, there is a risk of getting colds, fungi and fin rot. You can read more about these infections in this article.
If, however, the pets feel worse, it is recommended to raise the water temperature in the aquarium to 28 degrees Celsius, change part of the water to fresh and turn on intensive aeration of the aquarium. To cure fish from fungi, you can take simple salt.
With the remaining more serious sores, you need to use biomycin and tripaflavinom.
Since petilia is an omnivorous fish, you can feed it with any kind of food. It equally eats both live and vegetable food. Very often, do not hesitate to dry granular food falling to the bottom of the aquarium.
But greater preference is still given to the laborer, bloodworm, daphnia and cyclops. In general, this fish is peaceful, so it will be able to get along with almost all the Harazinc (red neon, red-nested tetra), girinoheylus, antsistrusom, fighting clown. It so happened that, in the aquarium hobby, the patzilias became the most common object for selection, because they easily intersect with other live-bearing swordsmen.
When a hybrid of species is made, artificial insemination is used. This led to the fact that a large number of color options and fish with a short body, which are called “disc”, appeared on the market.
Petsyliy multiply in the general aquarium does not present any difficulties, since they breed like rabbits and mollies. The fry is born into an already fully formed and immediately seeks shelter where you can safely hide.
Very often my young mollies and pecillias ate pearl gourami, who grabbed the fish as soon as it appeared on the surface.
Putilia becomes sexually mature at the age of 6 months, but only if the water temperature and nutrition were appropriate. The female bears youngsters up to two months, and the approaching childbirth shows the appearance of a red spot near the anal fin. The stain gradually darkens and takes the form of a rectangle.
If you want to save the offspring, of course, it is better for the producers to plant in another container a couple of days before the birth. The water comes from the main aquarium, and such plants as elodea, rogolistnik and ricciia will be suitable as shelter.
As soon as the samochka brushes away her children, it is better to set them aside and not linger, otherwise she may devour all her weak children. For one litter the number of individuals can reach up to 100 pieces. They feed small items with Artemia, Cyclops and Rotifers.
If you grow this fish on an industrial scale, then you will need a low aquarium with a powerful aerator and a good filter. Regular replacement of water to fresh, is also a mandatory aspect.
These actions will be aimed at reducing the concentration of organic matter in water, since frequent feedings will increase the amount of dissolved organic matter, which is not good.
That’s probably all. I hope I did not miss anything important, but if so, you are welcome to remind me in a comment.
See you soon!