The lionhead (Carassius auratus lionhead) is an aquarium fish of the carp family, which differs from other representatives in the original shape of the head. In the lionhead there is a short rounded torso, near the upper part of the head and the gills one can see large growths giving the representatives of this species similarity with lions. Such seals appear at the age of 3 months.
These are skin growths, many aquarists believe that they are shaped like raspberries.
photo: Headache – a distinctive feature of the Lionhead
From their closest relatives – Orande, lionheads differ in the size of growths, often they can even close the eyes of the fish. In the lionhead there is no dorsal fin, and the caudal and anal fin are bifurcated. The color is often contrasted to the shade of the growth.
The length of the lionhead grows to 14-15 centimeters, but there are 20-centimeter individuals.
a photo: Lionhead grows to 14-15 cm.
For the maintenance of such pets you will need an aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters or more, these are pack species, therefore it is better to keep them with representatives of your own species or calm neighbors. Lionheads are sensitive to lack of oxygen, so the aquarium must be equipped with an aerator and filter. The soil is coarse sand and rounded pebbles, the plants are large-leaved, the shelters should not have sharp corners so that the fish will not damage their eyes and scales.
Weekly it is desirable to replace up to a quarter of the total water volume. The temperature in the tank can be 20-23 degrees, the rigidity – up to 25 units, pH – 6.0-8.0.
As food, you can offer dry, animal and herbal supplements, give twice a day for 10 minutes – during this time the fish have enough time to eat, and you can remove the remnants of the “feast”.
photo: Lionheads can live up to 15 years.
At 2 years, sexual maturity of fish begins, spawning occurs in spring-summer, the behavior of fish changes. The spawning volume is from 50 liters, a female and two males are planted in it, the process can take several hours. A few days later, fry appear from the eggs, they swim on the 5th day, they are fed with “live dust”.
Manufacturers are deposited immediately so that they do not eat offspring.
- Historically, these fish appeared in China and Japan; Buddhist monks did not eat them from charity, but kept them in decorative ponds;
- The first mentions of lionheads belong to the 19th century, in Europe they appeared much later;
- The body of the lionhead is red or silver, with powerful scales, may have different shades;
- With good care in the aquarium, representatives of this species can live for more than 15 years.