maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video
The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.
All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.
But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!
Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.
After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!
For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:
1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.
2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.
3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.
AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS
arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems
To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.
And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.
Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.
In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!
Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:
Running Aquarium from A to Z
An example of an aquarium design 100 liters
Which aquarium is better
WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.
AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium
FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!
INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES
BOTTOM and GROUND of the AQUARIUM
CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium
Seashells in the aquarium
SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!
LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?
AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN
Other questions on the forum …
Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:
– lighting, if not included;
– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;
– food for prospective fish;
– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;
Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer. Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others.
Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.
one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?
Bath and so on?
Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations.
The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it. Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.
2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?
Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process.
Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur. The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.
3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?
Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.
Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.
The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.
But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.
“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”
four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.
Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water. The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water.
Painted, plastic items are best not to use. Metal – are prohibited.
FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS
what is necessary, issues issues
Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.
But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.
And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.
Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.
The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2.
Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.
Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.
The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.
Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.
Aquarium Fish Compatibility
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES
TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!
The most unpretentious little aquarium fish
WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN
What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?
AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS
Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation
AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!
CO2 for aquarium
The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium
Why in the aquarium …
YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers
Fish and snails: enemies or friends!
How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!
How much can the fish in the aquarium
Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!
Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:
one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?
Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:
Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish
Discussion on the forum
2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The first symptoms of fish disease
WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM
rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium
DON’T BELIEVE SELLERS.
Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.
READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.
Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.
Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.
DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.
Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.
DO NOT OVERDO IT.
Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.
STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.
BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS
Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish
Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world. Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals.
In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.
Care for aquarium and fish – occupation not only interesting, but also useful. Even in cases where the aquarium is an exclusive design element, many owners are so keen on aquarium fish, caring for them and studying their behavior, that they become avid aquarists.
As a result of research scientists found that an aquarium with fish is very useful for the psyche and is an excellent remedy for stress. Moreover, aquarium fish and care for them It has a positive effect on the emotional state of children, and also fosters responsibility.
But, of course, we must not forget that aquarium fish are living creatures that need attention and care. In order to care for the aquarium and the fish was a pleasure, you should carefully study all the features and subtleties of this activity.
Let’s see what the experts advise for the correct maintenance of aquarium fish and care for them.
First of all, you need to think carefully about where the aquarium will stand, which one will most fit the shape and size. It is believed that a large aquarium is easier to look after than a small one, which is especially important for beginners.
Also in a large aquarium, you can contain a larger number of fish. For example, the care and maintenance of goldfish require a large amount of space, contrary to the prevailing stereotype that goldfish live in small aquariums. Choosing an aquarium, do not forget about the equipment that is necessary for the care of fish.
The more carefully every detail is thought out, the later it will be easier to care for the aquarium.
Choosing an aquarium, you can proceed to the selection of species of fish. This is a very important stage for the further maintenance of the aquarium.
It is worth acquiring only compatible species of fish, in which the needs for temperature, water acidity and feeding coincide. Based on the choice made, you need to calculate the number of fish.
On average, 1 cm of the body of the fish requires 2 liters of water. For proper care of a goldfish, a minimum of 40 liters of water per fish is required. The number of fish also depends on the needs of a particular species.
Some fish can be kept alone, some need a company. Plants for the aquarium is chosen based on the selected species of fish.
When all the preparatory work is completed, the aquarium is running, and the fish settle in their new habitat, it remains only to admire the work done and follow the simple rules of care for aquarium fish. The first step is to pay particular attention to feeding the fish.
Fish are prone to overeating and obesity, which can lead to various diseases and death. For example, feeding goldfish should be strictly limited in time, as they tend to overeat more than other species. This complicates the care of goldfish, especially if other fish live in the aquarium and require more feed.
The main principle of feeding aquarium fish is better to underfeed than overfeeding. It is also recommended to do a fasting day once a month.
Care of aquarium fish depends largely on the needs of a particular species, so it is important to know the characteristics of the content of the selected fish. Using the example of the most popular species of fish, we will consider which parts you need to pay attention to first.
For most fish, a high water temperature is required – from 24 to 28 degrees C, but there are exceptions; therefore, it is impossible to place fish with different needs for water temperature in the same aquarium. For example, to care for goldfish requires a lower temperature – about 21 degrees C.
The number of fish of one species should be selected, guided by the volume of the aquarium and the behavioral characteristics of the flock. For example, to care for aquarium fish, the angelfish need a high aquarium, and they need to be lodged in pairs, so that each pair has its own angle.
And for the cockerel fish, care should be such that the fish do not become aggressive. Therefore, in one aquarium never they do not lodge more than one male, and at the same time they provide shelter for females with the help of plants, in case of aggressive behavior of the cockerel. Plants in the aquarium perform not only a decorative function, but also provide comfort to the fish.
For example, the care of aquarium catfish, telescope fish, and other benthic species will require a special arrangement of the bottom. Plants and snags should be located so that the fish could hide, but it was not injured and not stuck.
Beginners best to pick unpretentious fish. For example, for guppy fish, the care of which does not require compliance with complex rules or special conditions of detention.
Thanks to modern equipment aquarium fish and care for them do not require much time and effort. Even beginners can safely explore aquarium and enjoy the wonders of the underwater world right at home.
Guppy fry are born miniature sizes – 3-5 mm. They can be kept in the general aquarium, provided there are a sufficient number of shelters.
Among plants and scenery, it is easier for them to hide from adults who can eat them. Floating at the surface of the plant thanks to the roots will create a good shelter.
Also, fry food can be lowered immediately into the thickets of plants where adult fish will not find it.