maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppi (lat. Poecilia reticulata) is an aquarium fish that is known even to people who are very far from aquaria, to say nothing of amateurs.
Perhaps, every aquarist at least once in his life contained a couple of gupas, and many started their journey with them, and even now they contain luxurious, selective guppy species. To answer all the questions about them, you probably need to write a book, but we will try to consider especially popular ones.
Males of guppies of different breeds
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water. They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects.
Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms.
She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:
Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh.
There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish.
In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis. The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results.
In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth.
It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself. Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim. Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats.
Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which?
Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely. Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators. The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy.
Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you.
What to feed the guppy fry? There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
SPECIES AND BREEDS GUPPI
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of species and breeds GUPPI help you figure out who is swimming in your aquarium.
GUPI Poecilia reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 – 26 ° С.
Ph: 6.5 – 8.5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
Despite the fact that these fish are considered to be one of the most unpretentious fish, this does not mean that they can be kept in the toilet and fed with potato peelings (while hoping for full-fledged offspring). by no means the last. Round does not fit, therefore, make a choice in the direction of the rectangular. The length should be at least 60 centimeters, and the volume – from 60 liters (there is a golden rule: the larger the aquarium – the better for everyone)
.Guppy is one of the most undemanding and at the same time sought-after fish among aquarium owners. Usually always available in every aquarium.
At home, they become large and have a longer lifespan than in natural conditions. In the aquarium
Many breeds of guppies are often present in the minds. The natural habitat of guppies is the brackish and fresh water bodies of northern Brazil, Venezuela. They can also be found on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados.
In pet stores, guppies are sold in an assortment. The most common breeds are blue cobra, red blond, Moscow blue, scarlet, carpet, blue-green, Berliner, net, dragon head.
There are rare breeds, but you can buy and admire them only in the collections of enthusiastic private breeders. The normal water temperature for guppies is + 23 ° C.
They can survive from + 18 ° to + 32 ° C. With a low temperature, the guppies become large, and the lifespan becomes 5 years, but the possibility of getting sick is increasing. At very warm temperatures, these fish live no more than one year and grow small.
Pregnancy in this case also becomes shorter, and their children are born very small.
Feeding is important in keeping the fish. It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates. Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times.
Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae. To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals.
Once a week you need to arrange guppies fasting day. Depending on the conditions of the guppies reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-5 months. Every 3-6 weeks, throughout the year, the female brings offspring.
To prevent other fish from eating newborns, the female needs to be moved to a 1-5 liter jar at a time when its belly becomes almost rectangular, and the spot at the anal fin is large and very dark.
Guppies fry are large, 5-8 millimeters long, and very mobile. Immediately after birth, they begin to swim briskly through the aquarium, looking for and eating ciliates and small cyclops.
Advance should take care that the kids in the aquarium were shelters: pebbles and thickets of small-leaved plants (in the water column and on the surface). It is advisable to feed the first weeks of the fry four times a day in small portions, the second three times and further, up to one and a half to two months, at least two times.
The secret of the popularity of guppies is very simple. Their content is available even to a beginner aquarist. The beauty and variety of shapes and colors are pleasing to the eye.
The differences between breeds are very large in a guppy, and in one breed it is difficult to find two completely identical males. By the nature of these fish are cheerful, livable, mobile.
But the main thing, however, is that they give birth to live, fully formed fry. Guppy aquarists love these properties.
These fish are great for children – so easy to care for them. The presence of fish will bring up the responsibility of the child.
Of course – one of those fish that are recommended for beginners.
But also experienced aquarists guppies are suitable, because in guppy fish breeding occurs very easily, which makes it possible to engage in selection. New species become capricious to the conditions of detention, hardly divorced, so it will not be boring.
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water.
They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms.
She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild Guppies in Nature: Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy), Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Diseases of guppy external signs and treatment photo description video.
- red scab and fin splitting;
- fin rot
Trichodinosis infection occurs through the parasite – ciliates of trihodin modest.Most often, parasites develop in fry and juveniles, as their bodies are rather weak.
Fish can also become infected with trichodinosis.
At the initial stage of the disease the fish seem to be itching About plants in an aquarium, some fish have dim spots on their bodies.
It is possible to get rid of the infusoria by increasing the temperature of the water in the aquarium to 34 ° С, and very much strong aeration water to the fish enough oxygen at such a high temperature. It is equally effective to add the following components to water:
- sea or table salt;
- methyl blue.
Look at what a guppy looks like, infected with columnaria.
AQUARIUM FISH DISEASES, INFECTIVE AND NON-DIFFERENT – TREATMENT DESCRIPTION PHOTO VIDEO SYMPTOMS.
Guppy is a small size viviparous fish. Males are so bright in color that it is impossible to take your eyes off.
They are so unpretentious to the conditions of detention that they feel good in the aquarium, even without a filter and aeration of water. Therefore, these fish are ideal for busy people who do not have time to care for the aquarium.
Guppy (lat. Poecilia reticulata, eng.
Guppy) – the most popular aquarium viviparous fishes. Nowadays, many species and breeds are known, which differ in different morphological characteristics.
The fashion for species is constantly changing, so new colors, guppy shapes, and different names appear every year.
The wild forms of these Pecilievs are distinguished by a translucent brownish body. The sizes of adult individuals reach no more than 5-7 cm in length. The grid of scales is located in a rhombic order, from Latin reticula is translated as “rhombus”, which gave the scientific name to fish.
Thanks to good reproduction, Guppy began to breed in many aquariums in the world. As viviparous petsilievyh, they can interbreed with closely related species – swordtails and petilium.
As a result, we got descendants with a beautiful color.
- There are so-called fantail species, the shape of the caudal fin in which is rounded and has an angle of 75 °. The edges of the tail are rounded or straight, the length of the tail fin occupies one tenth of the length of the body. The dorsal fin is rectangular, reared and slightly narrowed at the base.
- There is also a fan-tailed guppy “trimmed”, which differ in the form of an isosceles triangle with angles of 50 degrees. The size of the caudal fin is 8th or 10th of the length of the body of the fish.
- Guppies voyalekhvostye – characterized by a lush, “skirt” tail fin in the form of a translucent veil. This is a very beautiful fish, there are different colors. Their dorsal fin is narrowed, with rounded corners.
- Guppy lyrehtails – have a tail in the form of a lyre, with pointed angles and curved rays. The length of the caudal fin is one tenth of the body.
- Poecilia reticulata flag-tailed – rectangular tail, edges straight and rounded in the tail stem. The size of the tail is 5-10 part of the body length.
- Poecilia reticulata shoveltails – an interesting shape of the tail in the form of a shovel. The tail is long enough, can be half the length of the body.
- With a tail in the form of a spear – here the tail fin resembles the shape of a knight’s spear, and occupies the 8th part of the length of the body. Dorsal fin curved, and ends at the caudal fin.
Look at the guppy with a tail in the form of a spear.
- The tail in the form of a “double sword” has elongated rays, long. Guppies with such a tail look very impressive.
- Guppy with a needle-like tail – different round base of the tail, which has no middle rays, which looks like needles. Dorsal fin pointed and translucent.
- Poecilia reticulata “Upper sword” have an oval tail, in which the upper rays have an elongated shape, resemble externally swords. The base of the fin and torso are located to each other at an angle of 15 °, sometimes the tail rays can be parallel to the base of the body.
Guppy breeds are not species caught in nature or bred in aquariums. The breeds are descendants of a single species of Poecilia reticulata. Perennial breeding work has led to the fact that in modern home aquariums one can meet fish of various colors and fin shapes.
All breeds of guppies are very beautiful in appearance, and they differ in a number of morphological characteristics. For pigmentation scales Poecilia reticulata are of such breeds:
- Blondes – with a bright pigment scales.
- Gold – with a golden pigment of the skin.
- Lutins – with dark red eyes and red scales.
- Albinos – with a white body and red eyes.
- Glass – with black eyes, with a colorless body.
- Savages – color scales gray, it can be seen colored spots of different shades.
- Neons are with mother-of-pearl scales of different tones that twinkle in the color spectrum.
- Glass – fish with a single-color pearl color, on the body of the body can be blue or green edging.
- Pearlescent – with a white pearly body color.
- Metallic – with a blue-gray, mother-of-pearl color scales, which shimmers in the light.
- Balance – the front part of the body has a light color, the back (foretail) – black.
- Berlin Guppy – different scales with a black pattern, tail and dorsal fins – rich red.
Admire the Berlin guppies.
- Canadian – the scales differ in black pattern, all fins are monophonic and white.
- Japanese pastel – scales on the body can be pastel color with black patches, all fins are characterized by pastel tone.
- Spanish – the base of the tail fin has a yellow color, the edges of the tail are red, black spots are visible on it. Body color – pastel black.
- Emerald – on the body you can see light green scales, on which there is an ornate pearl pattern in the form of a mosaic.
- Meshed Guppy – the color of the body is mosaic, the tail fin has a snake-skin pattern.
- Carpet – with ornate, “carpet” pattern on the body.
- Carnation – the color of the scales is different pattern, resembling a bud of carnations.
- Band – body color is white with a black pattern, the body is elongated, fins are long.
Also filigree, multicolor, “fog”, “cygan”, “panda” and many other rocks were bred. There are so many selection forms that it is difficult to give everyone a specific description.
For example, the clove Poecilia reticulata may have a voile or spear-like tail. Every year around the world there are exhibitions of these fish, where their extraordinary external data are shown.
In home aquariums it is no longer possible to meet Guppy in its purest form.
Strange as it may sound, even in the rivers of our latitudes one can find feral aquarium “guops” painted in different colors. Due to the carelessness of people, they were released into the reservoirs, where they began to multiply. Caught fish are not much different from the aquarium in appearance, adapted to cool water.
However, it is better to buy fish from proven razvodchiki – there are more guarantees that they will be healthy, and grow beautiful.
Fish that are suitable for settlement with Poecilia reticulata
There are a large number of freshwater aquarium fish that can live with guppies in peace and harmony. The listed types are the safest options.
They mate with these viviparous Pecillians in terms of similarity of living conditions and behavioral characteristics.
Somiki corridor – relatively slow swimmers, almost always in the lower layers of the aquarium. They are characterized by small body size and calm disposition, they gradually clean the aquarium from food debris.
Guppies swim in the upper and middle layers of the water, so the corridors will not hook them. However, one should not add salt to the water in which catfish live (and the pets-liqueras love such water), otherwise they will die.
See how guppies and catfish corridor dwell in the same aquarium.
Indian glass fish, or Malaysian glass – it is often confused with glass catfish, but they are completely different species. The glass is a peaceful and rather hardy fish, they are excellent companions for guppies and other small tropical fish. The transparent body of the body makes them unique, they even shine through the skeleton and internal organs.
Malaysian glass is characterized by gregarious behavior, swims in a group of 5-7 fish. It is not recommended to buy fish with a fluorescent color.
Just “painted” glass fish are more sensitive to the parameters of the aquatic environment, and during the disease color pigment can open wounds, causing infection in the water.
Mollies, patcilia, swordtails – viviparous fish of the Family Petsilievye, which are best compatible with guppies. All fish are related species, in the general aquarium they can breed, bringing hybrid offspring.
Guppies, mollies and platies will not conflict with each other. But the swordtails, especially adult males, can terrorize the tail fish, so it is better to settle with “swords” fish with short fins.
Mollies prefer to live in a pair. If in a spacious aquarium will live a couple of moles and a few guppies, you get a great neighborhood.
Neon tetra – the most popular freshwater and tropical fish. You can keep with any peaceful species of fish, it was even called “pearls of the aquarium.” Neon tetras are characterized by a rosy blue body with a reddish tinge.
They create a strong flock of 6-10 individuals, and calmly swim in the upper and middle layers of water. Can make an excellent company viviparous fish, without disturbing them.
Rasbory – differ in metallic color scales, they are clearly visible, which simplifies the care of these fish. Hardy, peace-loving, swim in a flock of 6-8 fish.
They can be settled with guppies in the general aquarium, as their characters are perfectly compatible.
Dwarf loaches – like all loaches, they are very peaceful fishes. However, some types of char can grow larger in size compared to guppies. Dwarf loaches remain small all their life, rarely grow to a length of more than 5 cm, so that they are commensurate with petilia fish.
They like to swim in a flock, so settle them immediately with a flock of 3 individuals. You can build a few shelters in the aquarium, add live plants, because these loaches like to hide and rest.
Endler Guppy (lat. Poecilia wingei) – used to believe that Endler’s viviparous fish are relatives of Poecilia reticulata.
Later it turned out that these are different species, although both come from Central America. There are certain similarities between species; they can interbreed in the same aquarium.
Viviparous endlers are suitable for tropical aquariums, where different viviparous petsilievy live. It should be borne in mind that the Endler fish grows up to 3.8 cm in length, therefore it cannot be accommodated with larger species. Settle them immediately for 6-8 individuals and more, create shelters for them, otherwise they will be eaten.
Poecilia reticulata will ignore them, but under proper conditions of detention.
Observe laliusi, neons, catfish and guppies in the general aquarium.
General rules for compatibility with guppies in home aquarium conditions
When choosing a fish for a community with guppies in an aquarium, you need to know some general rules that you should follow:
- In the tank you can keep the fish only with a similar temperament and behavior. Males guppies usually have long and lush fins, so those neighbors who can pluck them should not live with them. Guppy is not compatible with aggressive, fast types, otherwise stress and physical exhaustion of victims cannot be avoided.
- Diet and water requirements – be sure to choose fish that prefer the same food and water conditions as guppies. Check the pH, hardness, temperature of the water environment.
- It is better to keep all the fish in a spacious tank with enough space for swimming and shelter. On one fish should go on average 50 liters of water.
- The proportionality of the fish – Poecilia reticulata are considered small fish, so it is desirable to keep them with the same neighbors. Large “comrades” will be seduced by the size of defenseless guppies, they can eat them, or take food from them.
- Small bottom fish species can be kept with viviparous Guppy, which rarely swim to the bottom.
Settling an aquarium is a demanding, painstaking task. It requires theoretical knowledge.
Fish may have full or relative compatibility and be completely incompatible.
Most likely, representatives of the same family, detachment, suborder, having the same size and conditions of detention can get along. Common sense will not allow the inhabitants of cooler waters to settle in tropical conditions.
Predatory large species can cause serious harm to miniature water inhabitants. But there are exceptions in any rule, which is confirmed by experienced aquarists. There are many cases where peace-loving fish friendly cohabited with fierce predators for a long time.
At the same time, baseless wars often arose between calm fish.
If you are still not sure that water inhabitants are compatible, you can always use special tables. They contain information that will dispel your doubts and prevent you from making irreparable mistakes.
Look at the aquarium with guppies, lyalius, neon and catfish.