Gourami kissing (lat. Helostoma temminckii) – quite large fish, in natural conditions, representatives of this species grow up to 30 centimeters, aquarium specimens are much smaller.
At home, this fish is considered an object of fishing, it is even bred for sale. Modern aquarists like to observe the unusual behavior of fish – they fancifully clean the glass from algae, easily make their way between stones and leaves and, finally, kiss – this is a feature of behavior that scientists still cannot explain.
Some authors believe that with such actions fish clean the partner’s teeth from algae residues.
Natural habitats of kissing gouras are water bodies with a slow current or stagnant water in Thailand, the island of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, water bodies should be overgrown with aquatic plants. This is the only fish that belongs to the chelostomy family.
photo: Gourami kissing
The inner surface of the lips gourami covered with tubercles, like teeth. The fish has a tall, oblong body, strongly compressed on the sides.
Mouth with thick, fleshy lips, oblong. Anal and dorsal fin elongated, not too high. There are several prickly rays on the fins, their shade is light green or yellowish.
The color of the fish is gray-green or golden-pink, there are also yellow individuals, the gill wings of which are decorated with dark vertical stripes. A common occurrence – albinos or fish with a shortened torso.
In males, the forehead is more prominent, and the body is flattened; during spawning, it is colored brightly, sometimes with a purple tint.
- These are quite peaceful fishes, however, the struggle for territory is not alien to them, at the same time the males stand opposite each other and open their mouths: as if they are butting their lips, as a result a stronger individual drives away the weak one;
- Gourami – labyrinth fish that breathe not only the gills, but also a special labyrinth organ, therefore, often float to the surface. Fish are kept in the return and the middle layer of water;
- In Russia, the kissing gurus appeared in the late 70s of the last century;
- The longest “kiss” gourami lasted 25 minutes.
An aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters is suitable for keeping 3 to 4 gourams; it should be covered with glass or a lid in order to protect the fish from cold air. As the soil, you can use small pebbles or river sand, but the thickets of plants should be thick.
Ritchie and ducklings should swim on the surface – the male will build a nest during spawning, and a perististum, an hellieus, and valisneria will approach.
The ideal habitat for kissing gourami will be soft, slightly acidic water pH 6-7, the temperature should be maintained at 22-26 degrees. Regularly change the water at least 1/3 of the volume of the aquarium per week, but do not overcool the fish, they are very sensitive to temperature changes.
The tank should be equipped with weak aeration and filter. Keep fish with other peaceful species of approximately the same size.
Gourami like to feast on cyclops, daphnia, small tubers, sometimes you can give bloodworms, feed with algae (in particular, floss). Fish can eat up algae from the aquarium, cleaning them from glass, pond stones. These are great attendants.
Also gourami love to feast on shrimp and snails. Such a fish is sure to decorate your aquarium.